epicene vs hermaphrodite what difference

what is difference between epicene and hermaphrodite

English

Etymology

From Late Middle English epicene, epicen, epicin, epcyn, episcen, epycen, epycene, epycyn, ypsen ((grammar) having only one form for masculine and feminine gender, common), from Late Latin epicoenos, epicoenus (of a noun: applicable to either males or females), Latin epicoenon (noun applicable to either males or females; grammatical gender of such nouns), from Ancient Greek ἐπίκοινος (epíkoinos, common to many people, things, etc.; promiscuous, sluttish) (compare γένος ἐπίκοινον (génos epíkoinon, common gender)), from ἐπι- (epi-, prefix meaning ‘on, upon; on top of; all over’) + κοινός (koinós, common; general, public) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (beside, by, near, with) + *-yós (suffix forming adjectives from noun stems)).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɛpɪsiːn/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɛ.pəˌsin/
  • Hyphenation: epi‧cene

Adjective

epicene (not comparable)

  1. (linguistics) Of or relating to a class of Greek and Latin nouns that may refer to males or females but have a fixed grammatical gender (feminine, masculine, neuter, etc.).
  2. (linguistics) Of or relating to nouns or pronouns in any language that have a single form for male and female referents.
    Synonym: common
  3. (by extension) Suitable for use regardless of sex; unisex.
  4. (biology and figuratively) Of indeterminate sex, whether asexual, androgynous, hermaphrodite, or intersex; of a human face, intermediate in form between a man’s face and a woman’s face.
    Synonyms: gynandromorphic, gynandrous
  5. (by extension) Indeterminate; mixed.
  6. (by extension, usually derogatory) Of a man: effeminate.

Alternative forms

  • epicœne, epicoene (obsolete)

Derived terms

  • epicene pronoun
  • epicenism
  • epicenity

Translations

Noun

epicene (plural epicenes)

  1. (linguistics) An epicene word; preceded by the: the epicene words of a language as a class.
  2. (biology and figuratively) An epicene person, whether biologically asexual, androgynous, hermaphrodite, or intersex; an androgyne, a hermaphrodite. [from 17th c.]
  3. (by extension) A transsexual; also, a transvestite.
  4. (by extension, usually derogatory) An effeminate man.

Translations

Notes

References

Further reading

  • epicenity on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Italian

Adjective

epicene

  1. feminine plural of epiceno


English

Etymology

From Hermaphroditus, the mythical son of Hermes and Aphrodite who merged bodies with a naiad and thereafter possessed both male and female qualities.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /hɝˈmæfɹədaɪt/

Noun

hermaphrodite (plural hermaphrodites)

  1. An individual or organism possessing ambiguous sexual organs, typically including both types of gonads. [from late 14th c.]
    An earthworm is a hermaphrodite.
  2. A person or thing possessing two opposing qualities.
  3. (nautical) A hermaphrodite brig.
  4. A farm wagon convertible to multiple purposes.
  5. (WWI military, historical) An armoured fighting vehicle having features of both male tanks and female tanks.

Usage notes

  • Like many terms that start with a non-silent h but have emphasis on their second syllable, some people precede hermaphrodite with an, others with a.
  • Intersex is now the preferred term for human description.
  • Compare androgyne and genderqueer.

Synonyms

  • maphrodite, morphodite, mophrodite (slang)
  • androgyne
  • gynandromorph
  • intersex (noun)

Derived terms

Translations

Adjective

hermaphrodite (not comparable)

  1. (of an individual organism) Having gender-ambiguous sexual organs, typically including both types of gonads.
  2. Combining two opposing qualities.

Synonyms

  • androgynous
  • hermaphroditic
  • intersex

Translations

See also

  • berdache, two-spirit (two-spirits were formerly often called hermaphrodites)
  • genderqueer

French

Pronunciation

  • (mute h) IPA(key): /ɛʁ.ma.fʁɔ.dit/

Adjective

hermaphrodite (plural hermaphrodites)

  1. hermaphrodite

Noun

hermaphrodite m or f (plural hermaphrodites)

  1. hermaphrodite

Further reading

  • “hermaphrodite” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

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