epicene vs intersex what difference

what is difference between epicene and intersex

English

Etymology

From Late Middle English epicene, epicen, epicin, epcyn, episcen, epycen, epycene, epycyn, ypsen ((grammar) having only one form for masculine and feminine gender, common), from Late Latin epicoenos, epicoenus (of a noun: applicable to either males or females), Latin epicoenon (noun applicable to either males or females; grammatical gender of such nouns), from Ancient Greek ἐπίκοινος (epíkoinos, common to many people, things, etc.; promiscuous, sluttish) (compare γένος ἐπίκοινον (génos epíkoinon, common gender)), from ἐπι- (epi-, prefix meaning ‘on, upon; on top of; all over’) + κοινός (koinós, common; general, public) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (beside, by, near, with) + *-yós (suffix forming adjectives from noun stems)).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɛpɪsiːn/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɛ.pəˌsin/
  • Hyphenation: epi‧cene

Adjective

epicene (not comparable)

  1. (linguistics) Of or relating to a class of Greek and Latin nouns that may refer to males or females but have a fixed grammatical gender (feminine, masculine, neuter, etc.).
  2. (linguistics) Of or relating to nouns or pronouns in any language that have a single form for male and female referents.
    Synonym: common
  3. (by extension) Suitable for use regardless of sex; unisex.
  4. (biology and figuratively) Of indeterminate sex, whether asexual, androgynous, hermaphrodite, or intersex; of a human face, intermediate in form between a man’s face and a woman’s face.
    Synonyms: gynandromorphic, gynandrous
  5. (by extension) Indeterminate; mixed.
  6. (by extension, usually derogatory) Of a man: effeminate.

Alternative forms

  • epicœne, epicoene (obsolete)

Derived terms

  • epicene pronoun
  • epicenism
  • epicenity

Translations

Noun

epicene (plural epicenes)

  1. (linguistics) An epicene word; preceded by the: the epicene words of a language as a class.
  2. (biology and figuratively) An epicene person, whether biologically asexual, androgynous, hermaphrodite, or intersex; an androgyne, a hermaphrodite. [from 17th c.]
  3. (by extension) A transsexual; also, a transvestite.
  4. (by extension, usually derogatory) An effeminate man.

Translations

Notes

References

Further reading

  • epicenity on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Italian

Adjective

epicene

  1. feminine plural of epiceno


English

Etymology

From German Intersexe; corresponding to inter- +‎ sex.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɪntɚsɛks/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɪntəsɛks/

Adjective

intersex (not comparable)

  1. (of an individual) Having any of a variety of inherent conditions (in a species with distinct sexes) in which one’s sex characteristics differ from those of a typical male and female; for example, having sex characteristics relating to both male and female sexes.
    Antonyms: dyadic, endosex, perisex
    • 2006, Dean Spade, “Compliance Is Gendered: Struggling for Gender Self-Determination in a Hostile Economy”, Paisley Currah et al. (editors), Transgender Rights, University of Minnesota Press, →ISBN, page 225:
      His confidentiality was broken, and soon the entire staff and residential population were aware that Jim was intersex. [] we faced the fact that most programs were gender segregated and would not be a safe place for Jim to be known as intersex.
    • 2010, Sean Saifa Wall, “I am the ‘I’”, in Kate Bornstein and S. Bear Bergman (editors), Gender Outlaws: The Next Generation, Seal Press, →ISBN, page 109:
      When I had learned that I was intersex, I brought this issue to my mother.
    • 2010, The Age, 3 Jun 2010:
      A survey of 1100 lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer (LGBTIQ) people by Griffith and Bond University researchers found that the overwhelming majority had been victims of targeted harassment as well as physical and sexual abuse.

Usage notes

  • Since about the turn of the millennium (2000), the adjective intersex and noun phrase intersex person have been preferred to hermaphroditic and hermaphrodite as being more appropriate when the referent is human.
  • As with sex in general, intersex is an independent variable from gender, and many intersex people identify as cisgender men or women.

Synonyms

  • intersexed
  • intersexual
  • (sometimes offensive): hermaphroditic, hermaphrodite
  • (clinical, sometimes offensive): pseudohermaphroditic, pseudohermaphrodite
  • (on forms and documents): indeterminate, X

Derived terms

  • intersexed
  • intersexuality

Translations

Noun

intersex (plural intersexes)

  1. The or a condition of being intersex; intersexuality.
    • 1953, Time, 23 Feb 1953:
      A Canadian believes that he has solved the diagnostic problem in human intersex. All human cells, says Dr. Murray L. Barr of the University of Western Ontario, contain something called sex chromatin.
  2. (biology, zoology) An individual with any of these conditions.
    • 2009, Mary C Smith & David Sherman, Goat Medicine, page 609:
      An intersex, then, is an animal that shows both male and female characteristics.

Usage notes

  • Since about the turn of the millennium (2000), the noun intersex has become more common than intersexuality.

Translations

Verb

intersex (third-person singular simple present intersexes, present participle intersexing, simple past and past participle intersexed)

  1. (nonstandard) To make intersex.
    • 2013, Patrick Colm Hogan, Ulysses and the Poetics of Cognition (→ISBN), page 176:
      The point is significant in light of current political issues surrounding real intersexed individuals. […] It is clearly the case that physical intersexing and psychological androgyny do not conform to sex and gender norms in society. […]
    Synonym: intersexualize

Translations

See also

  • hermaphroditism; pseudohermaphroditism
  • androgynous
  • bigender; ambigender

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