epicenter vs epicentre what difference

what is difference between epicenter and epicentre

English

Alternative forms

  • epicentre

Noun

epicenter (plural epicenters)

  1. (American spelling) Alternative form of epicentre

Antonyms

  • hypocenter

Hyponyms

  • ground zero

Verb

epicenter (third-person singular simple present epicenters, present participle epicentering, simple past and past participle epicentered)

  1. (American spelling) Alternative form of epicentre

Anagrams

  • epicentre

Slovene

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛpit͡sèːntər/, /ɛpit͡séːntər/, /ɛpit͡sɛ̀ːntər/, /ɛpit͡sɛ́ːntər/

Noun

epicẹ̄ntər or epicēntər m inan

  1. epicentre

Inflection


English

Alternative forms

  • epicenter (US)

Etymology

epi- (over, on top) +‎ centre, from Ancient Greek ἐπί (epí, on) + κέντρον (kéntron, centre).

Sense of “center of an activity (particularly a disaster)” (1908) by generalization from earthquakes, possibly influenced by epidemic.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɛpɪˌsɛntɚ/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɛpɪˌsɛntə/

Noun

epicentre (plural epicentres)

  1. (seismology) The point on the land or water surface directly above the focus, or hypocentre, of an earthquake.
  2. (military) The point on the surface of the earth directly above an underground explosion.
  3. (figuratively, proscribed) The focal point of any activity, especially if dangerous or destructive.
  4. (figuratively, proscribed) The geographical area in which an ongoing disaster, illness, crisis, or other destructive event is currently most severe.

Usage notes

The loose usage “center”, or specifically “center of a disaster”, is criticized by some as pretentious and incorrect, since epi- specifically means “over, on top”, and is not a generic intensifier.

A more semantic objection is that epicenter implies a singular center of a disaster, which is misleading for many disasters, such as diseases, which do not spread simply by radiation. Instead, hot spot is preferred by some as less misleading.

Nevertheless, epicenter is widely used for diseases and other disasters, both in media and epidemiology.

Synonyms

  • (center of a disaster): ground zero

Antonyms

  • hypocentre

Related terms

  • epicentral

Translations

Verb

epicentre (third-person singular simple present epicentres, present participle epicentring, simple past and past participle epicentred)

  1. Of an earthquake: to have its epicentre (at a specified location).
    • 1916, Canal Record (volume 9, page 28)
      The records of disturbances epicentering closer to the station, notably those of 1914 in Los Santos Province of the Republic of Panama, about 120 miles from Balboa Heights, have usually been less satisfactory than this record []

References

Anagrams

  • epicenter

Lithuanian

Pronunciation

  • (epicentrè) IPA(key): [ɛpʲɪt͡sʲɛnʲtʲˈrʲɛ]
  • (epiceñtre) IPA(key): [ɛpʲɪˈt͡sʲɛnʲtʲrʲɛ]

Noun

epicentrè m

  1. locative singular of epicentras

Noun

epiceñtre m

  1. vocative singular of epicentras

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