epicurean vs foodie what difference

what is difference between epicurean and foodie

English

Etymology

From Epicurean (follower of Epicureanism).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌɛp.ɪ.kjʊəˈɹiː.n̩/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˌɛp.ɪ.kjʊˈɹi.n̩/, /ˌɛp.ɪˈkjʊ.ɹi.n̩/
  • Rhymes: -iːən
  • Hyphenation: ep‧i‧cu‧re‧an

Adjective

epicurean (comparative more epicurean, superlative most epicurean)

  1. Pursuing pleasure, especially in reference to food or comfort.
  2. Devoted to luxurious living.

Synonyms

  • gluttonous
  • hedonistic
  • libertine

Noun

epicurean (plural epicureans)

  1. One who is devoted to pleasure.

Usage notes

Modern accepted use of the terms epicurean and Epicureanism refers often to the appreciation of, and indulgence in good food (gourmet), luxury, hedonism, and sensual pleasure. This strays significantly from the original philosophic intent of Epicureanism. The philosophy indeed elevated pleasure and happiness as the most worthy pursuit, but specifically warned against fine food and frequent sex, for it could lead to dissatisfaction later. Instead, the goal was a long-term pleasure, marked by serenity and temperance, achieved through moderation rather than indulging. Modern senses of gourmet, luxury, hedonism, sensual pleasure and lust are mostly in contrast with the original ancient teachings.

Synonyms

  • glutton
  • hedonist
  • See also Thesaurus:sensualist


English

Etymology

food +‎ -ie. According to Wikipedia, the word was coined in 1984 by Paul Levy and Ann Barr for their book, The Official Foodie Handbook. However, Levy credits New York food critic Gael Greene with the coinage. The word was used by Greene in a 1980 article in New York Magazine.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfuːdi/
  • Rhymes: -uːdi

Noun

foodie (plural foodies)

  1. (slang) A person with a special interest in or knowledge of food, a gourmet.
    We self-professed foodies liked to meet in restaurants and talk like experts about what we were eating.

Synonyms

  • (person who appreciates good food): chowhound, foodist, foodista (rare), gastronaut, gourmand

Derived terms

  • foodie-ism, foodyism

Translations


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