epicurean vs gastronome what difference

what is difference between epicurean and gastronome

English

Etymology

From Epicurean (follower of Epicureanism).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌɛp.ɪ.kjʊəˈɹiː.n̩/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˌɛp.ɪ.kjʊˈɹi.n̩/, /ˌɛp.ɪˈkjʊ.ɹi.n̩/
  • Rhymes: -iːən
  • Hyphenation: ep‧i‧cu‧re‧an

Adjective

epicurean (comparative more epicurean, superlative most epicurean)

  1. Pursuing pleasure, especially in reference to food or comfort.
  2. Devoted to luxurious living.

Synonyms

  • gluttonous
  • hedonistic
  • libertine

Noun

epicurean (plural epicureans)

  1. One who is devoted to pleasure.

Usage notes

Modern accepted use of the terms epicurean and Epicureanism refers often to the appreciation of, and indulgence in good food (gourmet), luxury, hedonism, and sensual pleasure. This strays significantly from the original philosophic intent of Epicureanism. The philosophy indeed elevated pleasure and happiness as the most worthy pursuit, but specifically warned against fine food and frequent sex, for it could lead to dissatisfaction later. Instead, the goal was a long-term pleasure, marked by serenity and temperance, achieved through moderation rather than indulging. Modern senses of gourmet, luxury, hedonism, sensual pleasure and lust are mostly in contrast with the original ancient teachings.

Synonyms

  • glutton
  • hedonist
  • See also Thesaurus:sensualist


English

Etymology

Borrowed from French gastronome.

Noun

gastronome (plural gastronomes)

  1. a lover of good food; a connoisseur or gourmet

Synonyms

  • gastronomist
  • gastronomer

Related terms

  • gastronomy

Translations

Anagrams

  • omegatrons

French

Pronunciation

Noun

gastronome m or f (plural gastronomes)

  1. gastronome

Italian

Noun

gastronome f

  1. plural of gastronoma

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