equivocation vs prevarication what difference

what is difference between equivocation and prevarication

English

Alternative forms

  • æquivocation (archaic)

Etymology

c. 1380, from Old French equivocation, from Medieval Latin aequivocātiōnem, accusative singular of aequivocātiō, from aequivocō, from Late Latin aequivocus (ambiguous, equivocal), from Latin aequus (equal) + vocō (call);
a calque of Ancient Greek ὁμωνυμία (homōnumía).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪˌkwɪvəˈkeɪʃən/, /ɪˌkwɪvəˈkeɪʃn̩/, /əˌkwɪvəˈkeɪʃn/
  • Hyphenation: e‧quiv‧o‧ca‧tion
  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən

Noun

equivocation (countable and uncountable, plural equivocations)

  1. (logic) A logical fallacy resulting from the use of multiple meanings of a single expression.
  2. The use of expressions susceptible of a double signification, possibly intentionally and with the aim of misleading.

Related terms

  • amphiboly, evasion, evasiveness, prevarication

Translations

References


Old French

Noun

equivocation f (oblique plural equivocations, nominative singular equivocation, nominative plural equivocations)

  1. equivocation
    Si avoit trovee occasion de li gaber par l’equivocation de son nom


English

Etymology

From Anglo-Norman prevaricassion, Middle French prevarication, and their source, Latin praevāricātiō (collusion with an opponent; transgression; deceit), from the stem of praevāricor.

Pronunciation

  • (non-merged vowel) IPA(key): /pɹɪˌvæɹɪˈkeɪʃən/
  • (merged vowel) IPA(key): /pɹɪˌvæɹəˈkeɪʃən/
  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən

Noun

prevarication (countable and uncountable, plural prevarications)

  1. (now rare) Deviation from what is right or correct.
    Synonyms: transgression, perversion
  2. Evasion of the truth.
    Synonyms: deceit, evasiveness
  3. A secret abuse in the exercise of a public office.
  4. (law, historical, Ancient Rome) The collusion of an informer with the defendant, for the purpose of making a sham prosecution.
  5. (law) A false or deceitful seeming to undertake a thing for the purpose of defeating or destroying it.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Cowell to this entry?)

Related terms

  • prevaricate
  • prevaricator

Translations

See also

  • lie
  • equivocate

Further reading

  • Prevarication in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

Middle French

Noun

prevarication f (plural prevarications)

  1. prevarication (deviation from what is right)

Descendants

  • English: prevarication
  • French: prévarication

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