eradicate vs extirpate what difference

what is difference between eradicate and extirpate

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin ērādīcātus, past participle of ērādīcō (uproot), from ē- (out) + rādīx (root). Also see: radish.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪˈɹæd.ɪ.keɪt/

Verb

eradicate (third-person singular simple present eradicates, present participle eradicating, simple past and past participle eradicated)

  1. (transitive) To pull up by the roots; to uproot.
  2. (transitive) To destroy completely; to reduce to nothing radically; to put an end to; to extirpate.
    Smallpox was globally eradicated in 1980.

Synonyms

  • (to pull up by the roots): root up, uproot
  • (to completely destroy): annihilate, exterminate, extirpate
  • See also Thesaurus:destroy

Antonyms

  • radicate

Related terms

  • eradicable
  • eradication
  • eradicative
  • radical
  • root

Translations

Further reading

  • eradicate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • eradicate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • acierated

Italian

Verb

eradicate

  1. inflection of eradicare:
    1. second-person plural present indicative
    2. second-person plural imperative

Participle

eradicate

  1. feminine plural of eradicato

Latin

Verb

ērādīcāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of ērādīcō


English

Etymology

From Latin exstirpō (uproot), from ex- (out of) +‎ stirps (the lower part of the trunk of a tree, including the roots; the stem, stalk).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɛkstəpeɪt/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɛkstɚpeɪt/
  • Hyphenation: ex‧tir‧pate

Verb

extirpate (third-person singular simple present extirpates, present participle extirpating, simple past and past participle extirpated)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To clear an area of roots and stumps.
  2. (transitive) To pull up by the roots; uproot.
    Synonyms: uproot, eradicate, extricate, deracinate
  3. (transitive) To destroy completely; to annihilate.
    Synonyms: annihilate, destroy, eradicate, exterminate; see also Thesaurus:destroy
  4. (transitive) To surgically remove.
    Synonym: excise

Related terms

  • extirp
  • extirpation
  • extirpative
  • extirpator

Translations

Further reading

  • extirpate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • extirpate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Latin

Verb

extirpāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of extirpō

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