what is difference between eradicate and extirpate
Borrowed from Latin ērādīcātus, past participle of ērādīcō (“uproot”), from ē- (“out”) + rādīx (“root”). Also see: radish.
- IPA(key): /ɪˈɹæd.ɪ.keɪt/
eradicate (third-person singular simple present eradicates, present participle eradicating, simple past and past participle eradicated)
- (transitive) To pull up by the roots; to uproot.
- (transitive) To destroy completely; to reduce to nothing radically; to put an end to; to extirpate.
- Smallpox was globally eradicated in 1980.
- (to pull up by the roots): root up, uproot
- (to completely destroy): annihilate, exterminate, extirpate
- See also Thesaurus:destroy
- eradicate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- eradicate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
- inflection of eradicare:
- second-person plural present indicative
- second-person plural imperative
- feminine plural of eradicato
- second-person plural present active imperative of ērādīcō
From Latin exstirpō (“uproot”), from ex- (“out of”) + stirps (“the lower part of the trunk of a tree, including the roots; the stem, stalk”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɛkstəpeɪt/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɛkstɚpeɪt/
- Hyphenation: ex‧tir‧pate
extirpate (third-person singular simple present extirpates, present participle extirpating, simple past and past participle extirpated)
- (transitive, obsolete) To clear an area of roots and stumps.
- (transitive) To pull up by the roots; uproot.
- Synonyms: uproot, eradicate, extricate, deracinate
- (transitive) To destroy completely; to annihilate.
- Synonyms: annihilate, destroy, eradicate, exterminate; see also Thesaurus:destroy
- (transitive) To surgically remove.
- Synonym: excise
- extirpate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- extirpate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
- second-person plural present active imperative of extirpō