erect vs raise what difference

what is difference between erect and raise

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪˈɹɛkt/
  • Rhymes: -ɛkt
  • Hyphenation: erect

Etymology 1

From Middle English erect, a borrowing from Latin ērectus (upright), past participle of ērigō (raise, set up), from ē- (out) + regō (to direct, keep straight, guide).

Adjective

erect (comparative more erect, superlative most erect)

  1. Upright; vertical or reaching broadly upwards.
    • 1789, Edward Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, volume 6, chapter 64.
      Among the Greek colonies and churches of Asia, Philadelphia is still erect — a column in a scene of ruins.
  2. (of body parts) Rigid, firm; standing out perpendicularly, especially as the result of stimulation.
    Synonyms: hard, stiff
  3. (of a man) Having an erect penis
    Synonyms: hard, stiff
  4. (obsolete) Bold; confident; free from depression; undismayed.
    • 1827, John Keble, The Christian Year
      But who is he, by years / Bowed, but erect in heart?
  5. (obsolete) Directed upward; raised; uplifted.
  6. Watchful; alert.
    • 1594, Richard Hooker, Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie
      vigilant and erect attention of mind
  7. (heraldry) Elevated, as the tips of wings, heads of serpents, etc.
Antonyms
  • (rigid; standing out perpendicularly): flaccid
Derived terms
  • erectable
  • semierect
Related terms
  • erectile
  • erection
  • erigible
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English erecten, from the adjective (see above).

Verb

erect (third-person singular simple present erects, present participle erecting, simple past and past participle erected)

  1. (transitive) To put up by the fitting together of materials or parts.
  2. (transitive) To cause to stand up or out.
  3. To raise and place in an upright or perpendicular position; to set upright; to raise.
    1. (aviation, of a gyroscopic attitude indicator) To spin up and align to vertical.
  4. To lift up; to elevate; to exalt; to magnify.
    • that didst his state above his hopes erect
    • , Preface
      I, who am a party, am not to erect myself into a judge.
  5. To animate; to encourage; to cheer.
    • a. 1677, Isaac Barrow, Of Contentment (sermon)
      It raiseth the dropping spirit, erecting it to a loving complaisance.
  6. (astrology) To cast or draw up (a figure of the heavens, horoscope etc.).
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, Folio Society 2012, p. 332:
      In 1581 Parliament made it a statutory felony to erect figures, cast nativities, or calculate by prophecy how long the Queen would live or who would succeed her.
  7. To set up as an assertion or consequence from premises, etc.
    • from fallacious foundations, and misapprehended mediums, erecting conclusions no way inferrible from their premises
    • Malebranche erects this proposition.
  8. To set up or establish; to found; to form; to institute.
    • 1594, Richard Hooker, Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie
      to erect a new commonwealth
    • 1812, Arthur Collins & Sir Egerton Brydges, Peerage of England, F.C. and J. Rivington et al, page 330:
      In 1686, he was appointed one of the Commissioners in the new ecclesiastical commission erected by King James, and was proud of that honour.
Synonyms
  • build
Derived terms
  • erecting shop
  • re-erect, reerect
Translations

Anagrams

  • -crete, Crete, recte, terce


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: rāz, IPA(key): /ɹeɪz/
  • Homophones: rase, rays, raze, rehs, réis, res
  • Rhymes: -eɪz

Etymology 1

From Middle English reysen, raisen, reisen, from Old Norse reisa (to raise), from Proto-Germanic *raisijaną, *raizijaną (to raise), causative form of Proto-Germanic *rīsaną (to rise), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rey- (to rise, arise). Cognate with Old English rāsian (to explore, examine, research), Old English rīsan (to seize, carry off), Old English rǣran (to cause to rise, raise, rear, build, create). Doublet of rear.

Verb

raise (third-person singular simple present raises, present participle raising, simple past and past participle raised)

  1. (physical) To cause to rise; to lift or elevate.
    1. To form by the accumulation of materials or constituent parts; to build up; to erect.
    2. To cause something to come to the surface of the sea.
    3. (nautical) To cause (the land or any other object) to seem higher by drawing nearer to it.
    4. To make (bread, etc.) light, as by yeast or leaven.
    5. (figuratively) To cause (a dead person) to live again; to resurrect.
    6. (military) To remove or break up (a blockade), either by withdrawing the ships or forces employed in enforcing it, or by driving them away or dispersing them.
    7. (military, transitive) To relinquish (a siege), or cause this to be done.
  2. (transitive) To create, increase or develop.
    1. To collect or amass.
    2. To bring up; to grow; to promote.
    3. To mention (a question, issue) for discussion.
    4. (law) To create; to constitute (a use, or a beneficial interest in property).
    5. To bring into being; to produce; to cause to arise, come forth, or appear.
  3. To establish contact with (e.g., by telephone or radio).
  4. (poker, intransitive) To respond to a bet by increasing the amount required to continue in the hand.
  5. (arithmetic) To exponentiate, to involute.
  6. (linguistics, transitive, of a verb) To extract (a subject or other verb argument) out of an inner clause.
  7. (linguistics, transitive, of a vowel) To produce a vowel with the tongue positioned closer to the roof of the mouth.
  8. To increase the nominal value of (a cheque, money order, etc.) by fraudulently changing the writing or printing in which the sum payable is specified.
  9. (programming, transitive) To instantiate and transmit (an exception, by throwing it, or an event).
    • 2007, Bruce Bukovics, Pro WF: Windows Workflow in .NET 3.0 (page 243)
      Provide some mechanism in the local service class to raise the event. This might take the form of a public method that the host application can invoke to raise the event.
Usage notes
  • It is standard US English to raise children, and this usage has become common in all kinds of English since the 1700s. Until fairly recently, however, US teachers taught the traditional rule that one should raise crops and animals, but rear children, despite the fact that this contradicted general usage. It is therefore not surprising that some people still prefer “to rear children” and that this is considered correct but formal in US English. Modern British English also prefers “raise” over “rear”.
  • It is generally considered incorrect to say rear crops or (adult) animals in US English, but this expression is (or was until relatively recently) common in British English.
Synonyms
  • (to cause to rise): lift
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

raise (plural raises)

  1. (US) An increase in wages or salary; a rise (UK).
    The boss gave me a raise.
  2. (weightlifting) A shoulder exercise in which the arms are elevated against resistance.
  3. (curling) A shot in which the delivered stone bumps another stone forward.
  4. (poker) A bet that increases the previous bet.
Derived terms
  • lateral raise
  • leg raise
Translations

Etymology 2

From Old Norse hreysi; the spelling came about under the influence of the folk etymology that derived it from the verb.

Noun

raise (plural raises)

  1. A cairn or pile of stones.
Translations

Further reading

  • raise on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • Aesir, Aries, ERISA, Resia, aesir, aires, arise, reais, serai

Middle English

Noun

raise

  1. Alternative form of reys

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