erect vs rear what difference

what is difference between erect and rear

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪˈɹɛkt/
  • Rhymes: -ɛkt
  • Hyphenation: erect

Etymology 1

From Middle English erect, a borrowing from Latin ērectus (upright), past participle of ērigō (raise, set up), from ē- (out) + regō (to direct, keep straight, guide).

Adjective

erect (comparative more erect, superlative most erect)

  1. Upright; vertical or reaching broadly upwards.
    • 1789, Edward Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, volume 6, chapter 64.
      Among the Greek colonies and churches of Asia, Philadelphia is still erect — a column in a scene of ruins.
  2. (of body parts) Rigid, firm; standing out perpendicularly, especially as the result of stimulation.
    Synonyms: hard, stiff
  3. (of a man) Having an erect penis
    Synonyms: hard, stiff
  4. (obsolete) Bold; confident; free from depression; undismayed.
    • 1827, John Keble, The Christian Year
      But who is he, by years / Bowed, but erect in heart?
  5. (obsolete) Directed upward; raised; uplifted.
  6. Watchful; alert.
    • 1594, Richard Hooker, Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie
      vigilant and erect attention of mind
  7. (heraldry) Elevated, as the tips of wings, heads of serpents, etc.
Antonyms
  • (rigid; standing out perpendicularly): flaccid
Derived terms
  • erectable
  • semierect
Related terms
  • erectile
  • erection
  • erigible
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English erecten, from the adjective (see above).

Verb

erect (third-person singular simple present erects, present participle erecting, simple past and past participle erected)

  1. (transitive) To put up by the fitting together of materials or parts.
  2. (transitive) To cause to stand up or out.
  3. To raise and place in an upright or perpendicular position; to set upright; to raise.
    1. (aviation, of a gyroscopic attitude indicator) To spin up and align to vertical.
  4. To lift up; to elevate; to exalt; to magnify.
    • that didst his state above his hopes erect
    • , Preface
      I, who am a party, am not to erect myself into a judge.
  5. To animate; to encourage; to cheer.
    • a. 1677, Isaac Barrow, Of Contentment (sermon)
      It raiseth the dropping spirit, erecting it to a loving complaisance.
  6. (astrology) To cast or draw up (a figure of the heavens, horoscope etc.).
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, Folio Society 2012, p. 332:
      In 1581 Parliament made it a statutory felony to erect figures, cast nativities, or calculate by prophecy how long the Queen would live or who would succeed her.
  7. To set up as an assertion or consequence from premises, etc.
    • from fallacious foundations, and misapprehended mediums, erecting conclusions no way inferrible from their premises
    • Malebranche erects this proposition.
  8. To set up or establish; to found; to form; to institute.
    • 1594, Richard Hooker, Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie
      to erect a new commonwealth
    • 1812, Arthur Collins & Sir Egerton Brydges, Peerage of England, F.C. and J. Rivington et al, page 330:
      In 1686, he was appointed one of the Commissioners in the new ecclesiastical commission erected by King James, and was proud of that honour.
Synonyms
  • build
Derived terms
  • erecting shop
  • re-erect, reerect
Translations

Anagrams

  • -crete, Crete, recte, terce


English

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ɹɪɹ/, /ɹiɹ/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɹɪə/
  • Rhymes: -ɪə(ɹ)

Etymology 1

From Middle English reren (to raise), from Old English rǣran (to raise, set upright, promote, exalt, begin, create, give rise to, excite, rouse, arouse, stir up), from Proto-Germanic *raizijaną, *raisijaną (to cause to rise, raise), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rey- (to lift oneself, rise).

Cognate with Scots rere (to construct, build, rear), Icelandic reisa (to raise), Gothic ???????????????????????????? (raisjan, to cause to rise, lift up, establish), German reisen (to travel, literally to rear up and depart); and a doublet of raise. More at rise.

Related to rise and raise, which is used for several of its now archaic or obsolete senses and for some of its senses that are currently more common in other dialects of English.

Alternative forms

  • reer, rere, rare (all obsolete)

Verb

rear (third-person singular simple present rears, present participle rearing, simple past and past participle reared)

  1. (transitive) To bring up to maturity, as offspring; to educate; to instruct; to foster.
    • 1694, Thomas Southerne, Isabella: Or The Fatal Marriage
      He wants a father to protect his youth, and rear him up to virtue.
  2. (transitive, said of people towards animals) To breed and raise.
  3. (intransitive) To rise up on the hind legs
  4. (intransitive, usually with “up”) To get angry.
  5. (intransitive) To rise high above, tower above.
  6. (transitive, literary) To raise physically or metaphorically; to lift up; to cause to rise, to elevate.
    Poverty reared its ugly head. (appeared, started, began to have an effect)
    The monster slowly reared its head.
    • 1835, Lord Lytton, Rienzi, the Last of the Roman Tribunes
      Mine [shall be] the first hand to rear her banner.
  7. (transitive, rare) To construct by building; to set up
    to rear defenses or houses
    to rear one government on the ruins of another.
    • One reared a font of stone.
  8. (transitive, rare) To raise spiritually; to lift up; to elevate morally.
    • 1700, Isaac Barrow, Of Industry…
      It reareth our hearts from vain thoughts.
  9. (transitive, obsolete) To lift and take up.
  10. (transitive, obsolete) To rouse; to strip up.
    • 1684, John Dryden, The Second Epode of Horace
      And seeks the tusky boar to rear.
Usage notes
  • It is standard US English to raise children, and this usage has become common in all kinds of English since the 1700s. Until fairly recently, however, US teachers taught the traditional rule that one should raise crops and animals, but rear children, despite the fact that this contradicted general usage. It is therefore not surprising that some people still prefer to rear children and that this is considered correct but formal in US English. It is widespread in UK English and not considered formal.
  • It is generally considered incorrect to rear crops or (adult) animals in US English, but this expression is common in UK English.
Synonyms
  • (rise up on the hind legs): prance
Derived terms
  • raring
  • childrearing
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English reren, from Old English hrēran (to move, shake, agitate), from Proto-Germanic *hrōzijaną (to stir), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱroHs- (to mix, stir, cook). Cognate with Dutch roeren (to stir, shake, whip), German rühren (to stir, beat, move), Swedish röra (to touch, move, stir), Icelandic hræra (to stir).

Alternative forms

  • reer, rere (all obsolete)

Verb

rear (third-person singular simple present rears, present participle rearing, simple past and past participle reared)

  1. (transitive) To move; stir.
  2. (transitive, of geese) To carve.
    Rear that goose!
  3. (regional, obsolete) To revive, bring to life, quicken. (only in the phrase, to rear to life)
    (Speculum Sacerdotale c. 15th century)
Usage notes
  • In the sense “bring to life”, the more common variant of to rear to life is to raise to life. “I pray you, Declan, servant of God, that in the name of Christ you would raise to life for me the seven hostages whom I held in bondage from the chieftains of Munster.” (Life of Saint Declan of Ardmore By Saint Declan of Ardmore, Aeterna Press, 2015.)
Related terms
  • reremouse
  • uproar
References
  • The Middle English Dictionary

Etymology 3

From Middle English rere, from Old English hrēr, hrēre (not thoroughly cooked, underdone, lightly boiled), from hrēran (to move, shake, agitate), from Proto-Germanic *hrōzijaną (to stir), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱroHs- (to mix, stir, cook). Related to Old English hrōr (stirring, busy, active, strong, brave), Dutch roeren (to stir, shake, whip), German rühren (to stir, beat, move), Swedish röra (to touch, move, stir), Icelandic hræra (to stir).

Alternative forms

  • reer, rere
  • rare (US)

Adjective

rear (comparative rearer or more rear, superlative rearest or most rear)

  1. (now chiefly dialectal) (of eggs) Underdone; nearly raw.
  2. (chiefly US) (of meats) Rare.
    • 2017, Dr. Ardeshir Irani, Short Tales of the Old Wild West
      Fred ordered a rear steak along with a glass of beer as he took a seat at an empty table
Derived terms
  • rear-boiled
  • rear-roasted

Etymology 4

From Middle English rere, from Anglo-Norman rere, ultimately from Latin retro. Compare arrear. Doublet of retro.

Adjective

rear (not comparable)

  1. Being behind, or in the hindmost part; hindmost
Antonyms
  • front
Translations

Adverb

rear (comparative more rear, superlative most rear)

  1. (Britain, dialect) early; soon
    • 1714, John Gay, The Shepherd’s Week
      Then why does Cuddy leave his cot so rear!

Noun

rear (plural rears)

  1. The back or hindmost part; that which is behind, or last on order; – opposed to front.
  2. (military) Specifically, the part of an army or fleet which comes last, or is stationed behind the rest.
  3. (anatomy) The buttocks, a creature’s bottom
Synonyms
  • (buttocks): rear end
Translations

Verb

rear (third-person singular simple present rears, present participle rearing, simple past and past participle reared)

  1. To place in the rear; to secure the rear of.
  2. (transitive, vulgar, Britain) To sodomize (perform anal sex)
Derived terms

Anagrams

  • arré, rare

Latin

Verb

rear

  1. first-person singular present active subjunctive of reor

Swedish

Verb

rear

  1. present tense of rea.

Anagrams

  • rare

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