err vs stray what difference

what is difference between err and stray

English

Etymology

From Middle English erren, from Old French errer (to wander, err, mistake), from Latin errō (wander, stray, err, mistake, verb), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ers- (to be angry, lose one’s temper). Cognate with Old English eorre, ierre (anger, wrath, ire), Old English iersian (to be angry with, rage, irritate, provoke), Old English ierre (wandering, gone astray, confused)

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɜː(ɹ)/, (rare) /ɛə(ɹ)/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɛɚ/, /ɝ/
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ), -ɛə(ɹ)

Verb

err (third-person singular simple present errs, present participle erring, simple past and past participle erred)

  1. (intransitive) To make a mistake.
    • Artificial tests, then, can hardly err on the side of supplying too many opportunities for one bird to see another perform the act which is the model.
  2. (intransitive) To sin.
  3. (archaic) to stray.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:make a mistake

Derived terms

Translations


Albanian

Etymology

From Proto-Albanian *ausra (twilight), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ews- (dawn) (compare English Easter, Latin aurōra, Lithuanian aušrà).

Noun

err m

  1. dark, darkness

Synonyms

  • terr

Derived terms

  • irë

Estonian

Noun

err (genitive [please provide], partitive [please provide])

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter R.

Faroese

Noun

err n (genitive singular ers, plural err)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter R.

Declension

See also

  • (Latin-script letter names) bókstavur; a / fyrra a, á, be, de, edd, e, eff, ge, há, i / fyrra i, í / fyrra í, jodd, ká, ell, emm, enn, o, ó, pe, err, ess, te, u, ú, ve, seinna i, seinna í, seinna a, ø

Hungarian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɛrː]
  • Hyphenation: err
  • Rhymes: -ɛrː

Noun

err

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter R.

Declension

See also

  • (Latin-script letter names) betű; a, á, bé, cé, csé, dé, dzé, dzsé, e, é, eff, gé, gyé, há, i, í, jé, ká, ell, ellipszilon / ejj, emm, enn, enny, o, ó, ö, ő, pé, kú, err, ess, essz, té, tyé, u, ú, ü, ű, vé, dupla vé / vevé, iksz, ipszilon, zé, zsé. (See also: Latin script letters.)

Further reading

  • r in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Icelandic

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛrː/
    Rhymes: -ɛrː

Noun

err n (genitive singular errs, nominative plural err)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter R.

Declension


Võro

Noun

err (genitive [please provide], partitive [please provide])

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter R.

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.



English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: strā, IPA(key): /stɹeɪ/
  • Rhymes: -eɪ

Etymology 1

From Middle English stray, strey, from Anglo-Norman estray, stray, Old French estrai, from the verb (see below).

Noun

stray (plural strays)

  1. Any domestic animal that has no enclosure nor proper place and company, but that instead wanders at large or is lost; an estray.
  2. One who is lost, literally or figuratively.
  3. An act of wandering off or going astray.
  4. (historical) An area of common land for use by domestic animals generally.
  5. (radio) An instance of atmospheric interference.
    • 1926, Popular Radio (volume 9, page 191)
      This invention relates broadly to radio communication, but more particularly to a radio receiving system used for the reception of high frequency current signals wherever they are subject to interference from “static” or strays of an untuned or aperiodic character.
    • 1942, John C. Mathisson, Radio Acoustic Ranging (page 652)
      Because of their shortness, such signals are usually easy to distinguish from the bomb returns but, when such a stray is recorded just before the bomb return, too close to be distinguished by ear []
    • 1976, IEEE Power Engineering Society, Nuclear Power: Health, Safety, Waste Disposal (page 20)
      Electromagnetic interference EMI, radio interference RI, television interference TVI, and radio frequency interference RFI, can all be described as a confusion to received radio signals due to strays and undesirable signals.
Related terms
  • astray
  • estray
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English strayen, partly from Old French estraier, from Vulgar Latin via strata, and partly from Middle English strien, streyen, streyȝen (to spread, scatter), from Old English strēġan (to strew).

Verb

stray (third-person singular simple present strays, present participle straying, simple past and past participle strayed)

  1. (intransitive) To wander, as from a direct course; to deviate, or go out of the way.
    • 1642, John Denham, Cooper’s Hill
      Thames among the wanton valleys strays.
  2. (intransitive) To wander from company or outside proper limits; to rove or roam at large; to go astray.
  3. (intransitive) To wander from the path of duty or rectitude; to err.
    • November 2 2014, Daniel Taylor, “Sergio Agüero strike wins derby for Manchester City against 10-man United,” guardian.co.uk
      It was a derby that left Manchester United a long way back in Manchester City’s wing-mirrors and, in the worst moments, straying dangerously close to being their own worst enemy.
  4. (transitive) To cause to stray; lead astray.
    • 1591, William Shakespeare, The Comedy of Errors, V. i. 51:
      Hath not else his eye / Strayed his affection in unlawful love,
    • 1899, John Buchan, No Man’s Land
      To ease myself I was compelled to leave my basket behind me, trusting to return and find it, if I should ever reach safety and discover on what pathless hill I had been strayed.
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English stray, from the noun (see above).

Adjective

stray (not comparable)

  1. Having gone astray; strayed; wandering
  2. In the wrong place; misplaced.
    a stray comma
Derived terms
  • stray line
  • stray mark
Translations

References

Anagrams

  • T-rays, artsy, satyr, stary, trays, yrast

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