escutcheon vs scutcheon what difference

what is difference between escutcheon and scutcheon

English

Alternative forms

  • escocheon (obsolete)
  • scutcheon

Etymology

From Middle English scochon, from Anglo-Norman escuchon, Old French escusson (French écusson), ultimately from Latin scutum (shield).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪˈskʌtʃən/
  • Rhymes: -ʌtʃən

Noun

escutcheon (plural escutcheons)

  1. (heraldry) An individual or corporate coat of arms.
  2. (heraldry) A small shield used to charge a larger one.
  3. (medicine) The pattern of distribution of hair upon the pubic mound.
  4. A marking upon the back of a cow’s udder and the space above it (the perineum), formed by the hair growing upward or outward instead of downward. It was once taken as an index of milking qualities.
    Synonym: milk mirror
  5. (nautical) The part of a ship’s stern where its name is displayed.
  6. A decorative and/or protective plate or bezel to fill the gap between a switch, pipe, valve, control knob, etc., and the surface from which it protrudes.
  7. The insignia around a doorknob’s exterior hardware or a door lock’s cosmetic plate.
  8. The depression behind the beak of certain bivalves; the ligamental area.

Derived terms

  • blot on the escutcheon
  • escutcheoned
  • escutcheon pin

Translations

References



English

Etymology

Aphetic form of escutcheon.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈskʌtʃ(ə)n/
    Rhymes: -ʌtʃən

Noun

scutcheon (plural scutcheons)

  1. An escutcheon; an emblazoned shield.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.4:
      But she againe him in the shield did smite / With so fierce furie and great puissaunce, / That, through his three-square scuchin piercing quite / And through his mayled hauberque, by mischaunce / The wicked steele through his left side did glaunce.
    • 1627, Francis Bacon, Essays of Francis Bacon or Counsels, Civil and Moral, Chapter 29. “Of the True Greatness of Kingdoms and Estates”:
      There be now, for martial encouragement, some degrees and orders of chivalry; which nevertheless are conferred promiscuously, upon soldiers and no soldiers; and some remembrance perhaps, upon the scutcheon; and some hospitals for maimed soldiers; and such like things.
  2. An escutcheon; a small plate of metal, such as the shield around a keyhole.

Derived terms

  • scutcheoned
  • scutcheonless

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