especial vs particular what difference

what is difference between especial and particular

English

Alternative forms

  • especiall (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English especial, via Old French especial, from Latin specialis, from species (appearance, form, beauty), from specere (to look). Related to English special and species.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛsˈpɛʃəl/
  • Rhymes: -ɛʃəl
  • Hyphenation: es‧pe‧cial

Adjective

especial (comparative more especial, superlative most especial)

  1. Exceptional in importance or significance; special.
  2. Particular.

Usage notes

especial is far less common than special

Derived terms

  • especially

Related terms

  • special

Translations

Anagrams

  • Speciale, calipees

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin speciālis.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central) IPA(key): /əs.pə.siˈal/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /es.pe.siˈal/

Adjective

especial (masculine and feminine plural especials)

  1. special

Derived terms

Related terms

  • especialitat

Further reading

  • “especial” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “especial” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “especial” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “especial” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Occitan

Alternative forms

  • especiau (Gascon, Limousin, Provençal)

Etymology

From Latin speciālis.

Pronunciation

Adjective

especial m (feminine singular especiala, masculine plural especials, feminine plural especialas)

  1. special

Derived terms

Related terms

  • especialitat

Further reading

  • Diccionari General de la Lenga Occitana, L’Academia occitana – Consistòri del Gai Saber, 2008-2016, page 117.

Old French

Etymology

From Latin speciālis.

Adjective

especial m (oblique and nominative feminine singular especiale)

  1. special
  2. powerful; mighty

Declension


Portuguese

Etymology

From Latin speciālis.

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: es‧pe‧ci‧al

Adjective

especial m or f (plural especiais, comparable)

  1. special
  2. (euphemistic) disabled (having some physical disability)

Derived terms

  • especialidade
  • especialmente

Noun

especial m (plural especiais)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Further reading

  • “especial” in iDicionário Aulete.
  • “especial” in Dicionário inFormal.
  • “especial” in Dicionário Aberto based on Novo Diccionário da Língua Portuguesa de Cândido de Figueiredo, 1913
  • “especial” in Dicionário infopédia da Língua Portuguesa. Porto: Porto Editora, 2003–2021.
  • “especial” in Michaelis Dicionário Brasileiro da Língua Portuguesa.
  • “especial” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Spanish

Etymology

From Latin speciālis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /espeˈθjal/, [es.peˈθjal]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /espeˈsjal/, [es.peˈsjal]

Adjective

especial (plural especiales)

  1. special (distinguished by a unique quality)
  2. special (of particular interest or value)

Derived terms

Related terms

  • especialidad

Further reading

  • “especial” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.


English

Alternative forms

  • perticular (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English particuler, from Anglo-Norman particuler, Middle French particuler, particulier, from Late Latin particularis (partial; separate, individual), from Latin particula ((small) part). Equivalent to particle +‎ -ar. Compare particle.

Pronunciation

  • (rhotic) IPA(key): /pɚˈtɪkjəlɚ/
  • (non-rhotic) IPA(key): /pəˈtɪkjələ/
  • (US, rhotic, r-dissimilation) IPA(key): /pəˈtɪkjəlɚ/
  • Hyphenation: par‧tic‧u‧lar
  • Rhymes: -ɪkjʊlə(ɹ)

Adjective

particular (comparative more particular, superlative most particular) (also non-comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Pertaining only to a part of something; partial.
  2. Specific; discrete; concrete.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:specific
    Antonym: general
  3. Specialised; characteristic of a specific person or thing.
    Synonyms: optimized, specialistic
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, Of Gardens
      wheresoever one plant draweth such a particular juice out of the earth
  4. (obsolete) Known only to an individual person or group; confidential.
    • 1623, William Shakespeare, King Lear, V.1:
      or these domesticke and particular broiles, Are not the question heere.
  5. Distinguished in some way; special (often in negative constructions).
  6. (comparable) Of a person, concerned with, or attentive to, details; fastidious.
    Synonyms: minute, precise, fastidious; see also Thesaurus:fastidious
  7. Concerned with, or attentive to, details; minute; circumstantial; precise.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:meticulous
  8. (law) Containing a part only; limited.
  9. (law) Holding a particular estate.
  10. (logic) Forming a part of a genus; relatively limited in extension; affirmed or denied of a part of a subject.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Further reading

  • particular in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Noun

particular (plural particulars)

  1. A small individual part of something larger; a detail, a point. [from 15th c.]
  2. (obsolete) A person’s own individual case. [16th-19th c.]
    • 1658, Henry Hammond, Whole Duty of Man
      temporal blessings, whether such as concern the public [] or such as concern our particular
  3. (now philosophy, chiefly in plural) A particular case; an individual thing as opposed to a whole class. (Opposed to generals, universals.) [from 17th c.]

Related terms

  • universal
  • for one’s particular

Translations


Catalan

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin particularis.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic) IPA(key): /pəɾ.ti.kuˈla/
  • (Central) IPA(key): /pər.ti.kuˈla/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /paɾ.ti.kuˈlaɾ/

Adjective

particular (masculine and feminine plural particulars)

  1. private
  2. particular

Derived terms

  • particularment

Related terms

  • partícula
  • particularitat

Further reading

  • “particular” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “particular” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “particular” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “particular” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin particulāris, corresponding to partícula +‎ -ar.

Pronunciation

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /pɐɾ.ti.ku.ˈlaɾ/
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /paʁ.ˌt͡ʃi.ku.ˈlaʁ/, [pɐχ.ˌt͡ʃi.kʊ.ˈl̪äχ]
  • Hyphenation: par‧ti‧cu‧lar

Adjective

particular m or f (plural particulares, comparable)

  1. private (concerning, accessible or belonging to an individual person or group)
  2. private (not belonging to the government)
    Synonym: privado
    Antonym: público
  3. particular; specific
    Synonym: específico
  4. particular; distinguished; exceptional
    Synonym: excepcional

Inflection

Derived terms

  • em particular

Related terms

  • partícula

Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin particulāris.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /paɾtikuˈlaɾ/, [paɾ.t̪i.kuˈlaɾ]

Adjective

particular (plural particulares)

  1. specific, particular
    Synonyms: concreto, específico
  2. peculiar, strange
    Synonyms: raro, extraño
  3. personal
    Synonym: íntimo
  4. private
    Synonym: privado

Related terms

  • partícula

Noun

particular m (plural particulares)

  1. individual, private citizen

Further reading

  • “particular” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

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