espouse vs wed what difference

what is difference between espouse and wed



From Middle English espousen, borrowed from Old French espouser, from Latin spōnsāre, present active infinitive of spōnsō (frequentative of spondeō), from Proto-Indo-European *spend-.


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɪˈspaʊz/, IPA(key): /ɪˈspaʊs/
  • Rhymes: -aʊz, -aʊs


espouse (third-person singular simple present espouses, present participle espousing, simple past and past participle espoused)

  1. (transitive) To become/get married to.
  2. (transitive) To accept, support, or take on as one’s own (an idea or a cause).
    • 1998, William Croft, Event Structure in Argument Linking, in: Miriam Butt and Wilhelm Geuder, eds., “The Projection of Arguments”, p. 37
      Although Dowty’s proposal is attractive from the point of view of the alternative argument linking theory that I am espousing, since it eschews the use of thematic roles and thematic role hierarchies, […], but it still has some drawbacks.

Related terms

  • espousal
  • sponsor
  • spouse



  • poseuse



From Middle English wedden, weddien, from Old English weddian (to pledge; wed), from Proto-West Germanic *waddjōn, from Proto-Germanic *wadjōną (to pledge), from *wadją (pledge), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *wedʰ- (to pledge).

Cognate with Scots wed, wod, wad (to wed), Saterland Frisian wädje (to bet, wager), West Frisian wedzje (to bet, wager), Low German and Dutch wedden (to bet), German wetten (to bet), Danish vædde (to bet), Swedish vädja (to appeal), Icelandic veðja (to bet); more distantly, to Sanskrit वधू (vadhū́, bride). Related also to gage, engage, and wage.


  • enPR: wĕdʹ, IPA(key): /ˈwɛd/
  • Rhymes: -ɛd


wed (third-person singular simple present weds, present participle wedding, simple past and past participle wed or wedded)

  1. (transitive) To perform the marriage ceremony for; to join in matrimony.
  2. (transitive) To take as one’s spouse.
    • 2017 September 27, David Browne, “Hugh Hefner, ‘Playboy’ Founder, Dead at 91,” Rolling Stone
      In 1989, he wed Playmate Kimberley Conrad, a marriage that ended in 2010. In 2013, he married his younger girlfriend, Crystal Harris, with whom he was still wed at the time of his death.
  3. (intransitive) To take a spouse.
  4. (reciprocal) To take each other as a spouse.
  5. (figuratively, transitive) To join or commit to, more or less permanently, as if in marriage.
    • 1663, John Tillotson, The Wisdom of being Religious
      Men are wedded to their lusts.
  6. (figuratively, intransitive) To take to oneself and support; to espouse.
  7. (Northern England, Scotland) To wager, stake, bet, place a bet, make a wager.


  • marry



  • The Dictionary of the Scots Language


  • DEW, Dew, dew



  • Rhymes: -ɛt

Etymology 1



  1. first-person singular present indicative of wedden
  2. imperative of wedden

Etymology 2

From Middle Dutch wedde, from Old Dutch *weddi, from Proto-West Germanic *wadi, from Proto-Germanic *wadją.


wed n (plural wedden, diminutive wedje n)

  1. ford, shallow river crossing
  2. drinking place for animals
  • (ford): voorde
Related terms
  • wad
  • waden

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