essence vs perfume what difference

what is difference between essence and perfume

English

Etymology

From French essence, from Latin essentia (the being or essence of a thing), from an artificial formation of esse (to be), to translate Ancient Greek οὐσία (ousía, being), from ὤν (ṓn), present participle of εἰμί (eimí, I am, exist).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛsəns/

Noun

essence (countable and uncountable, plural essences)

  1. The inherent nature of a thing or idea.
    • 1713 September 21, Joseph Addison, The Guardian, collected in The Works of the Late Right Honorable Joseph Addison, volume IV, Birmingham: John Baskerville, published 1761, page 263:
      CHARITY is a virtue of the heart, and not of the hands, ſays an old writer. Gifts and alms are the expreſſions, not the eſſence of this virtue.
  2. (philosophy) The true nature of anything, not accidental or illusory.
  3. Constituent substance.
  4. A being; especially, a purely spiritual being.
  5. A significant feature of something.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  6. The concentrated form of a plant or drug obtained through a distillation process.
  7. An extract or concentrate obtained from a plant or other matter used for flavouring, or as a restorative.
  8. Fragrance, a perfume.

Synonyms

  • (inherent nature): quintessence, whatness; See also Thesaurus:essence
  • (significant feature): gist, crux; See also Thesaurus:gist
  • (fragrance): aroma, bouquet; See also Thesaurus:aroma

Derived terms

  • in essence
  • of the essence; time is of the essence

Related terms

  • essential
  • essentially
  • essentialism
  • quintessential

Translations

Further reading

  • essence in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • essence in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • senesce

French

Etymology

From Old French, from Latin essentia. Sense 2 very likely from Latin edō (eat), in the sense of ‘what is eaten, fuel’. Many forms of the latter are indistinguishable from the former, and so the confusion with essence is very understandable.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /e.sɑ̃s/, /ɛ.sɑ̃s/

Noun

essence f (plural essences)

  1. (philosophy, theology) essence
  2. petrol, gasoline
  3. essence, essential oil

Derived terms

  • pompe à essence
  • poste d’essence
  • station essence

Further reading

  • “essence” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • censées


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Middle French parfum. Doublet of parfum.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈpɜːfjuːm/
  • (US) pûr’fyo͞om”, IPA(key): /ˈpɝfjuːm/ or enPR: pər-fyoo͞m’, IPA(key): /pɚˈfjuːm/
  • (General American):
  • (noun) IPA(key): /ˈpɚfjuːm/
  • (verb) IPA(key): /pɚˈfjuːm/

Noun

perfume (countable and uncountable, plural perfumes)

  1. A pleasant smell; the scent, odor, or odoriferous particles emitted from a sweet-smelling substance; a pleasant odor
    • Breezes blowing from beds of iris quickened her breath with their perfume; she saw the tufted lilacs sway in the wind, and the streamers of mauve-tinted wistaria swinging, all a-glisten with golden bees; she saw a crimson cardinal winging through the foliage, and amorous tanagers flashing like scarlet flames athwart the pines.
  2. A substance created to provide a pleasant smell or one which emits an agreeable odor.

Synonyms

  • (pleasant smell): aroma, fragrance, scent
  • (substance providing a pleasant smell): fragrance, scent

Derived terms

  • acoustic perfume
  • perfumelike
  • perfumey

Translations

Verb

perfume (third-person singular simple present perfumes, present participle perfuming, simple past and past participle perfumed)

  1. (transitive) To apply perfume to; to fill or impregnate with a perfume; to scent.

Translations

Related terms

  • perfumed
  • perfumery

References

  • perfume in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Portuguese

Etymology

From Old Occitan perfum.

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: per‧fu‧me

Noun

perfume m (plural perfumes)

  1. perfume (substance providing a pleasant smell)

Verb

perfume

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of perfumar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of perfumar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of perfumar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of perfumar

References


Spanish

Etymology

Nominal of perfumar

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /peɾˈfume/, [peɾˈfu.me]

Noun

perfume m (plural perfumes)

  1. perfume
    Synonyms: olor, aroma, fragancia

Related terms

  • perfumar
  • perfumería
  • perfumero
  • perfumista

Verb

perfume

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of perfumar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of perfumar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of perfumar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of perfumar.

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