essential vs substantive what difference

what is difference between essential and substantive

English

Alternative forms

  • essentiall (obsolete)

Etymology

From Late Latin essentiālis, from Latin essentia (being, essence).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪˈsɛn.ʃəl/, [əˈsɛn.tʃəl]
  • Hyphenation: es‧sen‧tial

Adjective

essential (comparative more essential, superlative most essential)

  1. Necessary.
    Synonyms: indispensable; see also Thesaurus:requisite
    Antonyms: accidental, accessorial, incidental, unnecessary, unneeded
  2. Very important; of high importance.
    Synonyms: crucial; see also Thesaurus:important
    Antonyms: unimportant; see also Thesaurus:insignificant
  3. (biology) Necessary for survival but not synthesized by the organism, thus needing to be ingested.
  4. Being in the basic form; showing its essence.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:intrinsic, Thesaurus:bare-bones
    Antonyms: adscititious; see also Thesaurus:extrinsic
  5. Really existing; existent.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:existent
    Antonyms: see Thesaurus:inexistent
  6. (geometry) Such that each complementary region is irreducible, the boundary of each complementary region is incompressible by disks and monogons in the complementary region, and no leaf is a sphere or a torus bounding a solid torus in the manifold.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  7. (medicine) Idiopathic.
  8. Having the nature of essence; not physical.

Antonyms

  • inessential, unessential, non-essential, nonessential

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

essential (plural essentials)

  1. A necessary ingredient.
  2. A fundamental ingredient.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)

Related terms

  • essence

Translations

Further reading

  • essential on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • siletanes


English

Etymology

From Middle English substantif, from Old French substantif.

Pronunciation

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈsʌbstəntɪv/, /səbˈstæntɪv/

Adjective

substantive (comparative more substantive, superlative most substantive)

  1. of the essence or essential element of a thing; as, “substantive information”
    Synonyms: essential, in essence
  2. having substance; enduring; solid; firm; substantial
    Synonyms: meaty, substantial
    Antonym: superficial
  3. (chemistry) of a dye that does not need the use of a mordant to be made fast to that which is being dyed
    Antonym: adjective
  4. Depending on itself; independent.
  5. (grammar) Clipping of noun substantive.
    Synonym: substantival
  6. (military, of a rank or appointment) actually and legally held, as distinct from an acting, temporary or honorary rank or appointment

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

substantive (plural substantives)

  1. (grammar) a word that names a person, place, thing or idea; a noun (sensu stricto) [from 16th c.]
    Synonyms: (sensu stricto) noun, noun substantive
    Hypernym: (sensu lato) noun
  2. Part of a text that carries the meaning, such as words and their ordering.
    Coordinate term: accidental

Alternative forms

  • subst. (abbreviation used in lexicography and grammar)

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

substantive (third-person singular simple present substantives, present participle substantiving, simple past and past participle substantived)

  1. (grammar, very rare) to make a word belonging to another part of speech into a substantive (that is, a noun) or use it as a noun
    Synonyms: substantivize, nominalize

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /syp.stɑ̃.tiv/
  • Homophone: substantives

Adjective

substantive

  1. feminine singular of substantif

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /sub.stanˈtiː.u̯e/, [s̠ʊps̠t̪än̪ˈt̪iːu̯ɛ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /sup.stanˈti.ve/, [supst̪ɑn̪ˈt̪iːvɛ]

Adjective

substantīve

  1. vocative masculine singular of substantīvus

Portuguese

Verb

substantive

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of substantivar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of substantivar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of substantivar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of substantivar

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [sub.stanˈti.ve]

Noun

substantive

  1. plural of substantiv

Spanish

Verb

substantive

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of substantivar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of substantivar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of substantivar.
  4. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of substantivar.

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