establish vs launch what difference

what is difference between establish and launch

English

Etymology

From Middle English establissen, from Old French establiss-, stem of some of the conjugated forms of establir, (Modern French établir), from Latin stabiliō, stabilīre, from stabilis (firm, steady, stable).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪˈstæb.lɪʃ/
  • Hyphenation: es‧tab‧lish

Verb

establish (third-person singular simple present establishes, present participle establishing, simple past and past participle established)

  1. (transitive) To make stable or firm; to confirm.
  2. (transitive) To form; to found; to institute; to set up in business.
    • , Genesis 6:18
      But with thee will I establish my covenant; and thou shalt come into the ark, thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, and thy sons’ wives with thee.
  3. (transitive) To appoint or adopt, as officers, laws, regulations, guidelines, etc.; to enact; to ordain.
  4. (transitive) To prove and cause to be accepted as true; to establish a fact; to demonstrate.

Derived terms

  • established church
  • establishing shot
  • long-established
  • re-establish

Related terms

  • stable

Translations

References

  • establish in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • establish in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.


English

Alternative forms

  • lanch (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • (UK) enPR: lônch, IPA(key): /lɔːnt͡ʃ/
  • (some accents) enPR: länch, IPA(key): /lɑːnt͡ʃ/
  • (US) enPR: lônch, IPA(key): /lɔnt͡ʃ/
  • (cotcaught merger) IPA(key): /lɒnt͡ʃ/, /lɑnt͡ʃ/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːntʃ

Etymology 1

From Middle English launchen (to throw as a lance), Old French lanchier, another form (Old Northern French/Norman variant, compare Jèrriais lanchi) of lancier, French lancer, from lance.

Verb

launch (third-person singular simple present launches, present participle launching, simple past and past participle launched or (obsolete) launcht)

  1. (transitive) To throw (a projectile such as a lance, dart or ball); to hurl; to propel with force.
    • 2011, Stephen Budiansky, Perilous Fight: America’s Intrepid War with Britain on the High Seas, 1812-1815, page 323
      There they were met by four thousand Ha’apa’a warriors, who launched a volley of stones and spears []
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To pierce with, or as with, a lance.
    Synonyms: lance, pierce
    • 1591, Edmund Spenser, The Teares of the Muses
      And launch your hearts with lamentable wounds.
  3. (transitive) To cause (a vessel) to move or slide from the land or a larger vessel into the water; to set afloat.
    • Now when he had left speaking, he said unto Simon, Launch out into the deep, and let down your nets for a draught.
    • 1725–1726, Alexander Pope, Homer’s Odyssey (translation), Book V
      With stays and cordage last he rigged the ship, / And rolled on levers, launched her in the deep.
  4. (transitive) To cause (a rocket, balloon, etc., or the payload thereof) to begin its flight upward from the ground.
    • 1978, Farooq Hussain, “Volksraketen for the Third World” in New Scientist
      A cheap rocket that could launch military reconnaisance satellites for developing countries has become involved in a tangled web of Nazi rocket scientists, Penthouse magazine, KGB disinformation, and a treaty reminiscent of the height of colonialism in Africa.
  5. (transitive) To send out; to start (someone) on a mission or project; to give a start to (something); to put in operation
    • 1649, Eikon Basilike
      All art is uſed to ſink Epiſcopacy, & lanch Presbytery in England.
  6. (transitive, computing) To start (a program or feature); to execute or bring into operation.
  7. (transitive) To release; to put onto the market for sale
  8. (intransitive) Of a ship, rocket, balloon, etc.: to depart on a voyage; to take off.
  9. (intransitive, often with out) To move with force and swiftness like a sliding from the stocks into the water; to plunge; to begin.
    • 1718, Matthew Prior, Solomon: On the Vanity of the World, Preface
      In our language, Spenſer has not contented himſelf with this ſubmiſſive manner of imitation : he launches out into very flowery paths []
    • 1969, Maya Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, ch. 23:
      My class was wearing butter-yellow pique dresses, and Momma launched out on mine. She smocked the yoke into tiny crisscrossing puckers, then shirred the rest of the bodice.
  10. (intransitive, computing, of a program) To start to operate.
Translations

Noun

launch (plural launches)

  1. The movement of a vessel from land into the water; especially, the sliding on ways from the stocks on which it is built. (Compare: to splash a ship.)
  2. The act or fact of launching (a ship/vessel, a project, a new book, etc.).
  3. An event held to celebrate the launch of a ship/vessel, project, a new book, etc.; a launch party.
Hyponyms
Derived terms
  • book launch
  • launching (as a noun)
  • pre-launch
Related terms
  • launching ways
Translations

Etymology 2

From Portuguese lancha (barge, launch), apparently from Malay lancar (quick, agile). Spelling influenced by the verb above.

Noun

launch (plural launches)

  1. (nautical) The boat of the largest size and/or of most importance belonging to a ship of war, and often called the “captain’s boat” or “captain’s launch”.
  2. (nautical) A boat used to convey guests to and from a yacht.
  3. (nautical) An open boat of any size powered by steam, petrol, electricity, etc.
Derived terms
  • captain’s launch
Translations

See also

  • barge
  • boat
  • ship’s boat
  • yacht

References

Anagrams

  • chulan, nuchal

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