estimate vs figure what difference

what is difference between estimate and figure

English

Alternative forms

  • æstimate (archaic)

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin aestimatus, past participle of aestimō, older form aestumo (to value, rate, esteem); from Old Latin *ais-temos (one who cuts copper), meaning one in the Roman Republic who mints money. See also the doublet esteem, as well as aim.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛstɨmɨt/ (noun)
  • IPA(key): /ˈɛstɨˌmeɪ̪t/ (verb)

Noun

estimate (plural estimates)

  1. A rough calculation or assessment of the value, size, or cost of something.
  2. (construction and business) A document (or verbal notification) specifying how much a job is likely to cost.
  3. An upper limitation on some positive quantity.

Synonyms

  • estimation
  • appraisal

Derived terms

  • ballpark estimate

Translations

Verb

estimate (third-person singular simple present estimates, present participle estimating, simple past and past participle estimated)

  1. To calculate roughly, often from imperfect data.
  2. To judge and form an opinion of the value of, from imperfect data.

Synonyms

  • appraise
  • assessment

Derived terms

  • estimable
  • underestimate
  • overestimate
  • estimation

Translations

Further reading

  • estimate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “estimate”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  • estimate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams

  • etatisme, meatiest, seat time, tea-times, teatimes, étatisme

Italian

Verb

estimate

  1. inflection of estimare:
    1. second-person plural present indicative
    2. second-person plural imperative
  2. feminine plural of estimato

Anagrams

  • mestiate, metatesi


English

Etymology

From Middle English figure, borrowed from Old French figure, from Latin figūra (form, shape, form of a word, a figure of speech, Late Latin a sketch, drawing), from fingō (to form, shape, mold, fashion), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeyǵʰ- (to mold, shape, form, knead). Cognate with Ancient Greek τεῖχος (teîkhos), Sanskrit देग्धि (degdhi), Old English dāg (dough). More at dough. Doublet of figura.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈfɪɡjɚ/, /ˈfɪɡɚ/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈfɪɡə/
  • (Canada) IPA(key): /ˈfɪɡɚ/, /ˈfɪɡjɚ/
  • Rhymes: -ɪɡə(ɹ), -ɪɡjə(ɹ)
  • Hyphenation: fig‧ure

Noun

figure (plural figures)

  1. A drawing or diagram conveying information.
  2. The representation of any form, as by drawing, painting, modelling, carving, embroidering, etc.; especially, a representation of the human body.
    a figure in bronze; a figure cut in marble
  3. A person or thing representing a certain consciousness.
  4. The appearance or impression made by the conduct or career of a person.
    He cut a sorry figure standing there in the rain.
    • I made some figure there.
    • 1770, William Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England
      gentlemen of the best figure in the county
  5. (obsolete) Distinguished appearance; magnificence; conspicuous representation; splendour; show.
    • 1729, William Law, A Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life
      that he may live in figure and indulgence
  6. A human figure, which dress or corset must fit to; the shape of a human body.
  7. A numeral.
  8. A number, an amount.
  9. A shape.
  10. A visible pattern as in wood or cloth.
    The muslin was of a pretty figure.
  11. Any complex dance moveW.
  12. A figure of speech.
  13. (logic) The form of a syllogism with respect to the relative position of the middle term.
  14. (astrology) A horoscope; the diagram of the aspects of the astrological houses.
    • 1889, Franz Hartmann, The Principles of Astrological Geomancy
      its quality, like those of all the rest, is determined by its position in the house of the astrological figure
  15. (music) Any short succession of notes, either as melody or as a group of chords, which produce a single complete and distinct impression.
    • 1888, George Grove, Beethoven’s Nine Symphonies: Analytical Essays
      Here, Beethoven limits the syncopations and modifications of rhythm which are so prominent in the first and third movements, and employs a rapid, busy, and most melodious figure in the Violins, which is irresistible in its gay and brilliant effect []
  16. (music) A form of melody or accompaniment kept up through a strain or passage; a motif; a florid embellishment.

Derived terms

Related terms

  • figurine
  • figurative
  • figuratively

Descendants

  • Japanese: フィギュア (figyua)

Translations

Verb

figure (third-person singular simple present figures, present participle figuring, simple past and past participle figured)

  1. (chiefly US) To calculate, to solve a mathematical problem.
  2. (chiefly US) To come to understand.
  3. To think, to assume, to suppose, to reckon.
  4. (chiefly US, intransitive) To be reasonable.
  5. (intransitive) To enter into; to be a part of.
  6. (obsolete) To represent by a figure, as to form or mould; to make an image of, either palpable or ideal; also, to fashion into a determinate form; to shape.
  7. To embellish with design; to adorn with figures.
  8. (obsolete) To indicate by numerals.
    • 1698 , John Dryden, Epitaph of Mary Frampton
      As through a crystal glass the figured hours are seen.
  9. To represent by a metaphor; to signify or symbolize.
  10. (obsolete) To prefigure; to foreshow.
  11. (music) To write over or under the bass, as figures or other characters, in order to indicate the accompanying chords.
  12. (music) To embellish.

Derived terms

  • go figure
  • prefigure
  • figure on
  • figure out (US)

Translations

Further reading

  • figure in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • figure in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin figūra.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fi.ɡyʁ/

Noun

figure f (plural figures)

  1. face
  2. figure

Synonyms

  • visage

Derived terms

Further reading

  • “figure” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fiˈɡu.re/
  • Rhymes: -ure

Noun

figure f

  1. plural of figura

Portuguese

Verb

figure

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of figurar
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of figurar
  3. third-person singular negative imperative of figurar
  4. third-person singular imperative of figurar

Spanish

Verb

figure

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of figurar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of figurar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of figurar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of figurar.

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