etymon vs root what difference

what is difference between etymon and root

English

Etymology

From Ancient Greek ἔτυμον (étumon, the true sense of a word according to its origin), from ἔτυμος (étumos, true, real, actual).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɛt.ə.mɒn/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɛt.ə.mɑn/

Noun

etymon (plural etymons or etyma)

  1. (linguistics) The original or earlier form of an inherited or borrowed word, affix, or morpheme either from an earlier period in a language’s development, from an ancestral language, or from a foreign language.
    Antonyms: derivative, reflex
    Coordinate term: cognate

Derived terms

  • etymonic
  • etymonically

Related terms

  • etymology
  • etymologist
  • etymologize

Translations

See also

  • cognate
  • root

References

  • etymon in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • etymon in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • toymen

Dutch

Etymology

Learned borrowing from Ancient Greek ἔτυμον (étumon) or Latin etymon.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈeː.ti.mɔn/
  • Hyphenation: ety‧mon

Noun

etymon n (plural etyma)

  1. etymon [from early 18th c.]
    • 1710, Lambert ten Kate, Gemeenschap tussen de Gottische spraeke en de Nederduytsche, publ. by Jan Rieuwertszoon, page 20.

Related terms

  • etymologie

Latin

Etymology

From Ancient Greek ἔτυμον (étumon).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈe.ty.mon/, [ˈɛt̪ʏmɔn]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈe.ti.mon/, [ˈɛːt̪imɔn]

Noun

etymon n (genitive etymī); second declension

  1. etymon

Declension

Second-declension noun (neuter, Greek-type).

References

  • etymon in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • etymon in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[2]


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: ro͞ot, IPA(key): /ɹuːt/
  • (Midwestern US) IPA(key): /ɹʊt/
  • Rhymes: -uːt, -ʊt
  • Homophones: route (some pronunciations), rute

Etymology 1

From Middle English rote, root, roote (the underground part of a plant), from late Old English rōt, from Old Norse rót (Icelandic rót), from Proto-Germanic *wrōts, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds (root); cognate with wort, radish, and radix.

Noun

root (countable and uncountable, plural roots)

  1. The part of a plant, generally underground, that anchors and supports the plant body, absorbs and stores water and nutrients, and in some plants is able to perform vegetative reproduction.
    Hyponym: taproot
  2. A root vegetable.
    • […] two fields which should have been sown with roots in the early summer were not sown because the ploughing had not been completed early enough.
  3. The part of a tooth extending into the bone holding the tooth in place.
  4. The part of a hair under the skin that holds the hair in place.
  5. The part of a hair near the skin that has not been dyed, permed, or otherwise treated.
  6. (figuratively) The primary source; origin.
    Synonyms: basis, origin, source
    • , Book 1
      They were the roots out of which sprang two distinct people.
  7. (engineeering) The bottom of the thread of a threaded object.
    Antonym: crest
  8. (arithmetic) Of a number or expression, a number which, when raised to a specified power, yields the specified number or expression.
    Hyponyms: cube root, functional root, square root
  9. (arithmetic) A square root (understood if no power is specified; in which case, “the root of” is often abbreviated to “root”).
    • 1899, Dante Gabriel Rossetti (transl.), The New Life (La Vita Nuova) of Dante Alighieri, Siddall edition, page 122.
      The number three is the root of the number nine; [] being multiplied merely by itself, it produceth nine, as we manifestly perceive that three times three are nine.
  10. (mathematical analysis) A zero (of an equation).
    Synonym: zero
    Antonym: pole
    Holonym: kernel
  11. (graph theory, computing) The single node of a tree that has no parent.
  12. (linguistic morphology) The primary lexical unit of a word, which carries the most significant aspects of semantic content and cannot be reduced into smaller constituents. Inflectional stems often derive from roots.
    Coordinate term: stem
  13. (linguistics) A word from which another word or words are derived.
    Synonym: etymon
  14. (music) The fundamental tone of any chord; the tone from whose harmonics, or overtones, a chord is composed.
  15. The lowest place, position, or part.
    • 1812, Robert Southey, Omniana
      the roots of the mountains
  16. (computing) In UNIX terminology, the first user account with complete access to the operating system and its configuration, found at the root of the directory structure; the person who manages accounts on a UNIX system.
    Synonyms: superuser, root account, root user
  17. (computing) The highest directory of a directory structure which may contain both files and subdirectories.
  18. (slang) A penis, especially the base of a penis.
Derived terms
Translations
See also

Other terms used in arithmetic operations:

Advanced hyperoperations: tetration, pentation, hexation

Verb

root (third-person singular simple present roots, present participle rooting, simple past and past participle rooted)

  1. To grow roots; to enter the earth, as roots; to take root and begin to grow.
    • In deep grounds the weeds root the deeper.
  2. To prepare, oversee, or otherwise cause the rooting of cuttings
  3. To be firmly fixed; to be established.
    • 1823, Gilbert Burnet, The Life of Sir Matthew Hale, Knt., Sometime Lord Chief Justice of His Majesty’s Court of King’s-Bench
      If any irregularity chanced to intervene and to cause misapprehensions, he gave them not leave to root and fasten by concealment.
  4. (computing slang, transitive) To get root or privileged access on a computer system or mobile phone, often through bypassing some security mechanism.
    Synonym: (mobile phone) jailbreak

Etymology 2

From Middle English wrōten (to dig with the snout), from Old English wrōtan, from Proto-Germanic *wrōtaną (to dig out, to root). Related to Old English wrōt (snout; trunk). Loss of initial w- probably due to influence from the related noun (Etymology 1).

Verb

root (third-person singular simple present roots, present participle rooting, simple past and past participle rooted)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To turn up or dig with the snout.
    • c. 1515–1516, published 1568, John Skelton, Againſt venemous tongues enpoyſoned with ſclaunder and falſe detractions &c.:
      Such tunges ſhuld be torne out by the harde rootes,
      Hoyning like hogges that groynis and wrotes.
  2. (by extension) To seek favour or advancement by low arts or grovelling servility; to fawn.
    • 1592, William Shakespeare, Richard III, Act I, scene 3:
      Thou elvish-marked, abortive, rooting hog!
  3. (intransitive) To rummage; to search as if by digging in soil.
    Synonyms: dig out, root out, rummage
  4. (transitive) To root out; to abolish.
    • The Lord rooted them out of their land […] and cast them into another land.
  5. (Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, vulgar, slang) To have sexual intercourse.
    Synonyms: screw, bang, (US) drill, (British) shag; see also Thesaurus:copulate with
Usage notes
  • The Australian/New Zealand sexual sense is somewhat milder than fuck but still quite coarse, and certainly not for polite conversation. The sexual sense will often be understood, unless care is taken with the context to make the rummage sense clear, or root through or root around is used. The past participle rooted is equivalent to fucked in the figurative sense of broken or tired, but rooting has only the direct verbal sense; it is not an all-purpose intensive like fucking.
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

root (plural roots)

  1. (Australia, New Zealand, vulgar, slang) An act of sexual intercourse.
    Synonyms: (UK, US) screw, (UK) shag; see also Thesaurus:copulation
  2. (Australia, New Zealand, vulgar, slang) A sexual partner.
    Synonym: (US) screw
Usage notes
  • The Australian/New Zealand sexual sense of root is somewhat milder than fuck but still quite coarse, certainly not for polite conversation. The normal usage is to have a root or similar.
Translations

Etymology 3

Possibly an alteration of rout (to make a loud noise), influenced by hoot.

Verb

root (third-person singular simple present roots, present participle rooting, simple past and past participle rooted)

  1. (intransitive, with “for” or “on”, US) To cheer (on); to show support (for) and hope for the success of. (See root for.) [late 19th century]
    Synonyms: (Australia, New Zealand) barrack, cheer on
    • 1908, Jack Norworth, Take Me Out to the Ball Game
      Let me root, root, root for the home team,
Translations

References

Anagrams

  • Toor, Toro, roto, roto-, toro, troo

Chinese

Etymology

Borrowed from English root.

Verb

root

  1. (computing slang) to root (an Android device) (to get root or privileged access)
    這部手機root後不保修。 [MSC, trad.]
    这部手机root后不保修。 [MSC, simp.]

    Zhè bù shǒujī root hòu bù bǎoxiū. [Pinyin]
    This mobile phone will not be guaranteed if it is rooted.

See also

  • 越獄越狱 (yuèyù, “to jailbreak”)

German Low German

Alternative forms

  • raud
  • rauth
  • rod, rood
  • rot, roth

Etymology

From Old Saxon rōd, from Proto-Germanic *raudaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós < *h₁rewdʰ-. Compare Dutch rood, German rot, West Frisian read, English red, Danish rød.

Adjective

root (comparative röder, superlative röödst)

  1. red

Declension


Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch rōt, from Proto-Germanic *raudaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós, from the root *h₁rewdʰ-.

Adjective

rôot

  1. red

Inflection

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants

  • Dutch: rood
    • Afrikaans: rooi
    • Jersey Dutch: rôi
    • Negerhollands: rooi, ro, roo, rood
    • Skepi Creole Dutch: aro
  • Limburgish: roead

Further reading

  • “root”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “root (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page I

Middle English

Etymology 1

Noun

root

  1. Alternative form of rote (root)

Etymology 2

Noun

root

  1. Alternative form of rote (habit)

Etymology 3

Noun

root

  1. Alternative form of rot

Plautdietsch

Adjective

root

  1. red

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from English root.

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈʁut͡ʃ/

Noun

root m (plural roots)

  1. (computing) root (user with complete access to the operating system)

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