even vs still what difference

what is difference between even and still

English

Alternative forms

  • eben (etymology 1: adverb, adjective)
  • e’en (etymology 1: adverb, etymology 2: noun; contraction, poetic, archaic)

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈiːvən/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈivən/, /ˈivn̩/
  • Rhymes: -iːvən
  • Hyphenation: e‧ven

Etymology 1

From Middle English even, from Old English efen, efn, emn (even, equal, like, level, just, impartial, true), from Proto-West Germanic *ebn, from Proto-Germanic *ebnaz (flat, level, even; equal, straight), from Proto-Indo-European *(h₁)em-no- (equal, straight; flat, level, even).

Cognate with West Frisian even (even), Low German even (even), Dutch even (even, equal, same), effen, German eben (even, flat, level), Danish jævn (even, flat, smooth), Swedish jämn (even, level, smooth), Icelandic jafn, jamn (even, equal), Old Cornish eun (equal, right) (attested in Vocabularium Cornicum eun-hinsic (iustus, i. e., just)), Old Breton eun (equal, right) (attested in Eutychius Glossary eunt (aequus, i. e., equal)), Middle Breton effn, Breton eeun, Sanskrit अम्नस् (amnás, (adverb) just, just now; at once).

The verb descends from Middle English evenen, from Old English efnan; the adverb from Middle English evene, from Old English efne.

The traditional proposal connecting the Germanic adjective with the root Proto-Indo-European *h₂eym-, (Latin imāgō (picture, image, likeness, copy), Latin aemulus (competitor, rival), Sanskrit यमस् (yamás, pair, twin)) is problematic from a phonological point of view.

Adjective

even (comparative more even, superlative most even)

  1. Flat and level.
  2. Without great variation.
  3. Equal in proportion, quantity, size, etc.
  4. (not comparable, of an integer) Divisible by two.
  5. (of a number) Convenient for rounding other numbers to; for example, ending in a zero.
    • 1989, Jerry Sterner, Other People’s Money, Act I:
      Coles. How many shares have you bought, Mr. Garfinkle?
      Garfinkle. One hundred and ninety-six thousand. []
      Jorgenson. [] How’d you figure out to buy such an odd amount? Why not two hundred thousand — nice even number. Thought you liked nice even numbers.
    • 1998, Marya Hornbacher, Wasted, chapter 8, 1999 HarperPerennial paperback edition, →ISBN, page 253 [1]:
      He put me on the scale in my underwear and socks: 82 pounds. [] I left, humming all day long, remembering that once upon a time my ideal weight had been 84, and now I’d even beaten that. I decided 80 was a better number, a nice even number to be.
  6. On equal monetary terms; neither owing nor being owed.
  7. (colloquial) On equal terms of a moral sort; quits.
  8. parallel; on a level; reaching the same limit.
    • 1611, Bible (King James Version), Luke xix. 44
      And shall lay thee even with the ground.
  9. (obsolete) Without an irregularity, flaw, or blemish; pure.
  10. (obsolete) Associate; fellow; of the same condition.
    • c. 1382–1395, John Wycliffe, Bible – Matthew 18.29
      His even servant.
Usage notes
  • Because of confusion with the “divisible by two” sense, use of even to mean “convenient for rounding” is rare; the synonym round is more common.
Synonyms
  • (flat and level): flat, level, uniform; see also Thesaurus:smooth
  • (without great variation): regular, monotone (voice); see also Thesaurus:steady
  • (equal): level, on par; see also Thesaurus:equal
  • (convenient for rounding): round
  • (on equal monetary terms): quits (colloquial, UK)
  • (on equal moral terms): quits, square
Antonyms
  • (flat and level): uneven
  • (divisible by two): odd
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

even (third-person singular simple present evens, present participle evening, simple past and past participle evened)

  1. (transitive) To make flat and level.
    • This temple Xerxes evened with the soil.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To equal.
  3. (intransitive, obsolete) To be equal.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Carew to this entry?)
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To place in an equal state, as to obligation, or in a state in which nothing is due on either side; to balance, as accounts; to make quits.
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To set right; to complete.
  6. (transitive, obsolete) To act up to; to keep pace with.
Synonyms
  • (to make flat and level): flatten, level
  • (to equal): match
  • (to place in an equal state): settle
Derived terms
Translations

Adverb

even (not comparable)

  1. (archaic) Exactly, just, fully.
  2. In reality; implying an extreme example in the case mentioned, as compared to the implied reality.
  3. Emphasizing a comparative.
  4. Signalling a correction of one’s previous utterance; rather, that is.
Synonyms
  • (exactly, just, fully): definitely, precisely; see also Thesaurus:exactly
  • (implying extreme example): so much as
  • (correction to previous utterance): See Thesaurus:in other words
Derived terms
  • even as we speak
  • even so
  • even though
  • not even (adverb)
  • not even one
Translations

Noun

even (plural evens)

  1. (mathematics, diminutive) An even number.
Translations

References

Etymology 2

From Middle English even, from Old English ǣfen, from Proto-Germanic *ēbanþs.

Cognate with Dutch avond, Low German Avend, German Abend, Danish aften. See also the related terms eve and evening.

Noun

even (plural evens)

  1. (archaic or poetic) Evening.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Matthew ch. 8:
      When the even was come they brought unto him many that were possessed with devylles […].
    • 1609, William Shakespeare, Sonnet 28:
      When sparkling stars twire not, thou gild’st the even.
Synonyms
  • evening, eventide; see also Thesaurus:evening
Derived terms
  • evenfall
  • evensong
  • yestereven
Related terms
  • eve
  • evening
Translations

Anagrams

  • Neve, eevn, neve, névé

Dutch

Alternative forms

  • effen (for the temporal senses of the adverb; colloquial)
  • effe (for the temporal senses of the adverb; colloquial)
  • ff (for the temporal senses of the adverb; slang, common chat abbreviation)

Etymology

From Middle Dutch even, effen, from Old Dutch *evan, from Proto-West Germanic *ebn, from Proto-Germanic *ebnaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈeː.və(n)/
  • Hyphenation: even
  • Rhymes: -eːvən

Adverb

even

  1. shortly, briefly
  2. for a short period, for a while
  3. for a moment; modal particle indicating that the speaker expects that something will require little time or effort.
  4. just as, to the same degree (used with an adjective)
  5. (Netherlands) quite, rather

Synonyms

  • eventjes
  • effentjes

Descendants

  • Javindo: efen
  • Negerhollands: even, eeven

Adjective

even (not comparable)

  1. even, opposite of odd

Inflection

Antonyms

  • oneven

Derived terms

  • evenals

Anagrams

  • veen
  • neve

Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch *evan, from Proto-West Germanic *ebn, from Proto-Germanic *ebnaz.

Adjective

ēven

  1. even, equal

Inflection

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants

  • Dutch: even
  • Limburgish: aeve

Adverb

ēven

  1. just as, equally

Descendants

  • Dutch: even

Further reading

  • “even (I)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • “even (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “even (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page I
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “evene (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page evene

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • eve, aven, yeven

Etymology

From Old English ǣfen, from Proto-West Germanic *ābanþ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛːvən/

Noun

even (plural evenes)

  1. eve

Descendants

  • English: eve, even
  • Scots: evin, ewin, e’en, een
  • Yola: eave

References

  • “ēve(n, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

even m

  1. definite singular of eve

Anagrams

  • Even, even, evne, neve, veen, vene


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /stɪɫ/
  • Rhymes: -ɪl

Etymology 1

From Middle English stille (motionless, stationary), from Old English stille (still, quiet, calm; without motion, at rest, not moving from a place, not disturbed; moving little or gently; silent; not loud; secret; unchanging, undisturbed, stable, fixed; not vehement, gentle), from Proto-West Germanic *stillī (quiet, still), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)telH- (to be silent; to be still). Cognate with Scots stil (still), Saterland Frisian stil (motionless, calm, quiet), West Frisian stil (quiet, still), Dutch stil (quiet, silent, still), Low German still (quiet, still), German still (still, quiet, tranquil, silent), Swedish stilla (quiet, silent, peaceful), Icelandic stilltur (set, quiet, calm, still). Related to stall.

(noun: Falkland Islander): Military slang, short for still a Benny, since the military had been instructed not to refer to the islanders by the derogatory term Benny (which see).

Alternative forms

  • stil
  • stille, styll, stylle (obsolete)

Adjective

still (comparative stiller or more still, superlative stillest or most still)

  1. Not moving; calm.
  2. Not effervescing; not sparkling.
  3. Uttering no sound; silent.
    • c. 1711, Joseph Addison, How are thy Servants blest, O Lord!
      The sea that roared at thy command, / At thy command was still.
  4. (not comparable) Having the same stated quality continuously from a past time
  5. Comparatively quiet or silent; soft; gentle; low.
  6. (obsolete) Constant; continual.
Synonyms
  • (not moving): fixed, stationary, unmoving, static, inert, stagnant; see also Thesaurus:stationary or Thesaurus:immobile
  • (not effervescing): flat, uneffervescent; see also Thesaurus:noneffervescent
  • (uttering no sound): noiseless, soundless; see also Thesaurus:silent
  • (having the same stated quality):
  • (comparatively quiet): hushed, tranquil; see also Thesaurus:quiet
  • (constant, continual): incessant, ongoing, unremitting; see also Thesaurus:continuous
Derived terms
  • still life
  • stillness
  • unstill
Related terms
  • be still my heart
  • be still my beating heart
  • still waters run deep
Translations

Adverb

still (not comparable)

  1. Without motion.
  2. (aspect) Up to a time, as in the preceding time.
  3. (degree) To an even greater degree. Used to modify comparative adjectives or adverbs.
    (“still” and “taller” can easily swap places here)
  4. (conjunctive) Nevertheless.
    • 1817, Thomas Moore, Lalla-Rookh
      As sunshine, broken in the rill, / Though turned astray, is sunshine still.
  5. (archaic, poetic) Always; invariably; constantly; continuously.
    • The desire of fame betrays an ambitious man into indecencies that lessen his reputation; he is still afraid lest any of his actions should be thrown away in private.
    • 1661, Robert Boyle, Unsucceeding Experiments
      Chemists would be rich if they could still do in great quantities what they have sometimes done in little.
  6. (extensive) Even, yet.
Synonyms
  • (without motion): akinetically, motionlessly, stock still, stockishly
  • (up to a time): yet
  • (to an even greater degree): yet, even
  • (nevertheless): nonetheless, though, yet; see also Thesaurus:nevertheless
  • (always): consistently, invariably, uniformly; See also Thesaurus:uniformly
  • (even, yet):
Translations

Noun

still (plural stills)

  1. A period of calm or silence.
  2. (photography) A photograph, as opposed to movie footage.
  3. (slang) A resident of the Falkland Islands.
  4. A steep hill or ascent.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of W. Browne to this entry?)
Synonyms
  • (period of calm): lull, rest, respite; quiet, tranquility
  • (resident of the Falkland Islands): Benny, Falklander, Kelper
Translations

Etymology 2

Via Middle English [Term?], ultimately from Latin stilla.

Noun

still (plural stills)

  1. A device for distilling liquids.
  2. (catering) A large water boiler used to make tea and coffee.
  3. (catering) The area in a restaurant used to make tea and coffee, separate from the main kitchen.
  4. A building where liquors are distilled; a distillery.
Translations
See also
  • pot still

Etymology 3

From Old English stillan.

Verb

still (third-person singular simple present stills, present participle stilling, simple past and past participle stilled)

  1. To calm down, to quiet.
Synonyms
  • becalm, lull, quell; see also Thesaurus:pacify
Translations

Etymology 4

Aphetic form of distil, or from Latin stillare.

Verb

still (third-person singular simple present stills, present participle stilling, simple past and past participle stilled)

  1. (obsolete) To trickle, drip.
  2. To cause to fall by drops.
  3. To expel spirit from by heat, or to evaporate and condense in a refrigeratory; to distill.

Translations

Anagrams

  • Tills, lilts, tills

German

Etymology

From Middle High German [Term?], from Old High German stilli.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʃtɪl/

Adjective

still (comparative stiller, superlative am stillsten)

  1. quiet, silent

Declension

Adverb

still

  1. quietly, silently

Further reading

  • “still” in Duden online

Hunsrik

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʃtil/

Adjective

still

  1. quiet, silent

Further reading

  • Online Hunsrik Dictionary

Norwegian Bokmål

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /stɪl/
  • Rhymes: -ɪl

Verb

still

  1. imperative of stille

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

Verb

still

  1. imperative of stilla

Etymology 2

Adjective

still (masculine and feminine still, neuter stilt, definite singular and plural stille, comparative stillare, indefinite superlative stillast, definite superlative stillaste)

  1. Alternative form of stille

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /esˈtil/, [esˈt̪il]

Noun

still m (plural stills)

  1. (photography) still

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