exaggeration vs hyperbole what difference

what is difference between exaggeration and hyperbole

English

Etymology

From Latin exaggeratio

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪɡˌzæd͡ʒəˈɹeɪʃən/
  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən
  • Hyphenation: ex‧ag‧ger‧a‧tion

Noun

exaggeration (countable and uncountable, plural exaggerations)

  1. The act of heaping or piling up.
  2. The act of exaggerating; the act of doing or representing in an excessive manner; a going beyond the bounds of truth, reason, or justice; a hyperbolical representation; hyperbole; overstatement.
  3. A representation of things beyond natural life, in expression, beauty, power, vigor.

Synonyms

  • overstatement
  • hyperbole

Antonyms

  • trivialization
  • understatement

Translations



English

Etymology

From Latin hyperbolē, from Ancient Greek ὑπερβολή (huperbolḗ, excess, exaggeration), from ὑπέρ (hupér, above) + βάλλω (bállō, I throw). Doublet of hyperbola.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /haɪˈpɝːbəli/
  • Homophones: hyperbolae

Noun

hyperbole (countable and uncountable, plural hyperboles)

  1. (uncountable, rhetoric, literature) Deliberate or unintentional overstatement, particularly extreme overstatement.
    • 1837, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Legends of the Province House
      The great staircase, however, may be termed, without much hyperbole, a feature of grandeur and magnificence.
    • c. 1910, Theodore Roosevelt, Productive Scholarship
      Of course the hymn has come to us from somewhere else, but I do not know from where; and the average native of our village firmly believes that it is indigenous to our own soil—which it can not be, unless it deals in hyperbole, for the nearest approach to a river in our neighborhood is the village pond.
    • 1987, Donald Trump, Tony Schwartz, The Art of the Deal, p. 58.
      The final key to the way I promote is bravado. I play to people’s fantasies. ..People want to believe that something is the biggest and the greatest and the most spectacular. I call it truthful hyperbole. It’s an innocent form of exaggeration—and a very effective form of promotion.
    • 2001, Tom Bentley, Daniel Stedman Jones, The Moral Universe
      The perennial problem, especially for the BBC, has been to reconcile the hyperbole-driven agenda of newspapers with the requirement of balance, which is crucial to the public service remit.
  2. (countable) An instance or example of such overstatement.
    • 1843, Thomas Babington Macaulay, The Gates of Somnauth
      The honourable gentleman forces us to hear a good deal of this detestable rhetoric; and then he asks why, if the secretaries of the Nizam and the King of Oude use all these tropes and hyperboles, Lord Ellenborough should not indulge in the same sort of eloquence?
  3. (countable, obsolete) A hyperbola.

Synonyms

  • (rhetoric): overstatement, exaggeration, auxesis

Antonyms

  • (rhetoric): See understatement

Derived terms

  • hyperbolic

Related terms

  • hyperbola

Translations

See also

  • adynaton

French

Etymology

From Latin hyperbole, from Ancient Greek ὑπερβολή (huperbolḗ, excess, exaggeration), from ὑπέ (hupé, above) + βάλλω (bállō, I throw).

Pronunciation

  • (mute h) IPA(key): /i.pɛʁ.bɔl/
  • Homophone: hyperboles
  • Hyphenation: hy‧per‧bole

Noun

hyperbole f (plural hyperboles)

  1. (rhetoric) hyperbole
  2. (geometry) hyperbola

Related terms

  • hyperbolique

Descendants

  • Turkish: hiperbol

Further reading

  • “hyperbole” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Latin

Etymology

From Ancient Greek ὑπερβολή (huperbolḗ, excess, exaggeration), from ὑπέ (hupé, above) + βάλλω (bállō, I throw).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /hyˈper.bo.leː/, [hʏˈpɛɾbɔɫ̪eː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /iˈper.bo.le/, [iˈpɛrbɔlɛ]

Noun

hyperbolē f (genitive hyperbolēs); first declension

  1. exaggeration; hyperbole
  2. ablative singular of hyperbolē
  3. vocative singular of hyperbolē

Declension

First-declension noun (Greek-type).

References

  • hyperbole in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • hyperbole in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

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