examination vs scrutiny what difference

what is difference between examination and scrutiny

English

Etymology

From Middle English examinacioun, from Old French examinacion, from Latin exāminātiō.
Morphologically examine +‎ -ation

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪɡˌzæmɪˈneɪʃən/
  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən
  • Hyphenation: ex‧am‧i‧na‧tion

Noun

examination (countable and uncountable, plural examinations)

  1. The act of examining.
  2. Particularly, an inspection by a medical professional to establish the extent and nature of any sickness or injury.
  3. A formal test involving answering written or oral questions under a time constraint and usually without access to textbooks.
  4. Interrogation.

Derived terms

Related terms

  • examine

Translations

Anagrams

  • exanimation


English

Etymology

From Middle English scrutiny, from Medieval Latin scrūtinium (a search, an inquiry), from Vulgar Latin scrūtor (to search or examine thoroughly), of uncertain origin. Possibly from Late Latin scrūta (rubbish, broken trash); or of Germanic origin, related to Old English scrūtnung (examination, investigation, inquiry, search), from scrūtnian, scrūdnian (to examine carefully, scrutinize, consider, investigate), from Proto-Germanic *skrudōną, *skruþōną (to search, examine), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)krewt- (to cut). Compare Old High German skrodōn, scrutōn, scrutilōn (to research, explore), Old High German scrod (a search, scrutiny), Old English scrēadian (to shred, cut up, cut off, peel, pare, prune). More at shred.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈskɹuː.tɪ.ni/
  • Hyphenation: scru‧ti‧ny

Noun

scrutiny (usually uncountable, plural scrutinies)

  1. Intense study of someone or something.
  2. Thorough inspection of a situation or a case.
  3. An examination of catechumens, in the last week of Lent, who were to receive baptism on Easter Day.
  4. A ticket, or little paper billet, on which a vote is written.
  5. An examination by a committee of the votes given at an election, for the purpose of correcting the poll.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Brande & C to this entry?)

Synonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Verb

scrutiny (third-person singular simple present scrutinies, present participle scrutinying, simple past and past participle scrutinied)

  1. (obsolete, rare) To scrutinize.

Further reading

  • scrutiny in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • scrutiny in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • “Scrutiny” in the Catholic Encyclopedia
  • 1916, John R. Clark, “A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary for the Use of Students”, scrûtnung
  • Bosworth, J. (2010, March 21). An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary Online (T. N. Toller & Others, Eds.). Scrutnung. Retrieved September 18, 2011, from http://bosworth.ff.cuni.cz/027060

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