examine vs study what difference

what is difference between examine and study


Alternative forms

  • examin (obsolete)


From Middle English examinen, examenen, from Old French examiner, from Latin exāmināre.


  • IPA(key): /ɪɡˈzæmɪn/
  • Hyphenation: ex‧am‧ine


examine (third-person singular simple present examines, present participle examining, simple past and past participle examined)

  1. to observe or inspect carefully or critically
  2. to check the health or condition of something or someone
  3. to determine the aptitude, skills or qualifications of someone by subjecting them to an examination
  4. to interrogate


  • pore over, undersee


  • cross examine
  • re-examine

Derived terms

Related terms


See also

  • look at




  1. first-person singular present indicative of examiner
  2. third-person singular present indicative of examiner
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of examiner
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of examiner
  5. second-person singular imperative of examiner




  1. ablative singular of exāmen




  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of examinar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of examinar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of examinar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of examinar



  • IPA(key): /eksaˈmine/, [ek.saˈmi.ne]



  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of examinar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of examinar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of examinar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of examinar.



  • IPA(key): /ˈstʌdi/
  • Rhymes: -ʌdi

Etymology 1

From Middle English studien, from Old French estudier (Modern French étudier) from Medieval Latin studiāre and Latin studēre, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewd- (to push, hit). Displaced native Old English cneordlæcan.


study (third-person singular simple present studies, present participle studying, simple past and past participle studied)

  1. (usually academic) To review materials already learned in order to make sure one does not forget them, usually in preparation for an examination.
  2. (academic) To take a course or courses on a subject.
  3. To acquire knowledge on a subject with the intention of applying it in practice.
  4. To look at minutely.
  5. To fix the mind closely upon a subject; to dwell upon anything in thought; to muse; to ponder.
    • July 10, 1732, Jonathan Swift, letter to Mr. Gay and The Duchess of Queensberry
      I found a moral first, and studied for a fable.
  6. To endeavor diligently; to be zealous.
    • And that ye study to be quiet, and to do your own business, and to work with your own hands, as we commanded you []
  • con
  • elucubrate
  • research
  • revise
  • swot

Etymology 2

From Middle English studie, from Old French estudie (Modern French étude), from Latin studium (zeal, dedication, study), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewd- (to push, hit). Doublet of studio.


study (countable and uncountable, plural studies)

  1. Mental effort to acquire knowledge or learning.
    • 1661, John Fell, The Life of the most learned, reverend and pious Dr. H. Hammond
      During the whole time of his abode in the university he generally spent thirteen hours of the day in study; by which assiduity besides an exact dispatch of the whole course of philosophy, he read over in a manner all classic authors that are extant []
    • 1699, William Temple, Heads designed for an essay on conversations
      Study gives strength to the mind; conversation, grace: the first apt to give stiffness, the other suppleness: one gives substance and form to the statue, the other polishes it.
  2. The act of studying or examining; examination.
  3. Any particular branch of learning that is studied; any object of attentive consideration.
    • 1762, Edmund Law, An extract from A serious call to a devout and holy life
      The Holy Scriptures, especially the New Testament, are her daily study.
  4. A room in a house intended for reading and writing; traditionally the private room of the male head of household.
    • his cheery little study
  5. An artwork made in order to practise or demonstrate a subject or technique.
  6. The human face, bearing an expression which the observer finds amusingly typical of a particular emotion or state of mind.
  7. (music) A piece for special practice; an étude.
  8. (academic) An academic publication.
  9. One who commits a theatrical part to memory.
  10. (obsolete) A state of mental perplexity or worried thought.
  11. (archaic) Thought, as directed to a specific purpose; one’s concern.
  • (private male room): cabinet, closet (archaic)
  • See also Thesaurus:study
Coordinate terms
  • (private male room): boudoir (female equivalent)
Derived terms
Related terms



  • Dusty, Dutys, Duyst, dusty

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