exceed vs surpass what difference

what is difference between exceed and surpass

English

Alternative forms

  • excede (dated)

Etymology

From Middle English exceden, from Old French exceder, from Latin excedō (to go beyond), from ex- (out, forth) with cedō (to go); see cede and compare accede etc.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪkˈsiːd/
  • Rhymes: -iːd
  • Hyphenation: ex‧ceed

Verb

exceed (third-person singular simple present exceeds, present participle exceeding, simple past and past participle exceeded)

  1. (transitive) To be larger, greater than (something).
    The company’s 2005 revenue exceeds that of 2004.
  2. (transitive) To be better than (something).
    The quality of her essay has exceeded my expectations.
  3. (transitive) To go beyond (some limit); to surpass; to be longer than.
    Your password cannot exceed eight characters.
  4. (intransitive) To predominate.
  5. (intransitive, obsolete) To go too far; to be excessive.
    • 1646, Sir Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, I.6:
      And to speak impartially, old Men, from whom we should expect the greatest example of Wisdom, do most exceed in this point of folly […].

Synonyms

  • (to be larger than something): outbalance, outweigh
  • (to be better than something): excel, outperform, surpass; see also Thesaurus:exceed
  • (to go beyond some limit): outstep, overstep, surpass; see also Thesaurus:transcend
  • (to predominate):
  • (to be excessive): cross the line

Antonyms

According to the Oxford Dictionary website:
“There is no established opposite to the word exceed, and it is quite often suggested that one is needed. We are gathering evidence of the word deceed ‘be less than’, but it has not yet reached our dictionaries.”

  • to fail
  • to be inferior
  • to fall short
  • to subceed

Derived terms

  • exceeding
  • exceedingly

Related terms

  • excess
  • excessive
  • excessively

Translations

Further reading

  • exceed in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “exceed”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  • exceed in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams

  • excede, execed


English

Etymology

From Middle French surpasser (to pass beyond). Surface etymology is sur- +‎ pass.

Pronunciation

  • (US) IPA(key): /sɚˈpæs/
  • Rhymes: -ɑːs

Verb

surpass (third-person singular simple present surpasses, present participle surpassing, simple past and past participle surpassed)

  1. (transitive) To go beyond or exceed (something) in an adjudicative or literal sense.

Synonyms

  • (to go beyond): exceed, forpass, transcend; see also Thesaurus:transcend
  • (in a metaphoric or technical manner): exceed, excel, outdo, outstrip; see also Thesaurus:exceed

Translations

Further reading

  • surpass in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • surpass in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • surpass at OneLook Dictionary Search

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