excel vs surpass what difference

what is difference between excel and surpass

English

Etymology

From Middle English excellen, from Old French exceller, from Latin excellere, excelsum; ex (out) + *cellō, an unattested verb root found in culmen (height, top); Compare French exceller. See also culminate, column.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪkˈsɛl/

Verb

excel (third-person singular simple present excels, present participle excelling, simple past and past participle excelled)

  1. (transitive) To surpass someone or something; to be better or do better than someone or something.
    • La Rochefoucauld, the French philosopher, said: “If you want enemies, excel your friends; but if you want friends, let your friends excel you.” Why is that true? Because when our friends excel us, that gives them a feeling of importance; but when we excel them, that gives them a feeling of inferiority and arouses envy and jealousy.
  2. (intransitive) To be much better than others.
    • 1924: Aristotle, Metaphysics. Translated by W. D. Ross. Nashotah, Wisconsin, USA: The Classical Library, 2001. Book 1, Part 2..
      If, then, there is something in what the poets say, and jealousy is natural to the divine power, it would probably occur in this case above all, and all who excelled in this knowledge would be unfortunate.
  3. (transitive, archaic, rare) To exceed, to go beyond
    • 1674, John Milton, Paradise lost, book II
      She opened; but to shut / Excelled her power: the gates wide open stood []

Synonyms

  • (to surpass someone or something): better, outclass, outperform; see also Thesaurus:exceed
  • (to be much better than others): rock, rule
  • (to go beyond): exceed, overstep, surpass, transgress, transcend; see also Thesaurus:transcend

Related terms

  • excellence
  • excellent

Translations

References

  • excel in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.


English

Etymology

From Middle French surpasser (to pass beyond). Surface etymology is sur- +‎ pass.

Pronunciation

  • (US) IPA(key): /sɚˈpæs/
  • Rhymes: -ɑːs

Verb

surpass (third-person singular simple present surpasses, present participle surpassing, simple past and past participle surpassed)

  1. (transitive) To go beyond or exceed (something) in an adjudicative or literal sense.

Synonyms

  • (to go beyond): exceed, forpass, transcend; see also Thesaurus:transcend
  • (in a metaphoric or technical manner): exceed, excel, outdo, outstrip; see also Thesaurus:exceed

Translations

Further reading

  • surpass in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • surpass in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • surpass at OneLook Dictionary Search

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