exceptional vs particular what difference

what is difference between exceptional and particular

English

Etymology

exception +‎ -al

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪkˈsɛpʃənəl/
  • Hyphenation: ex‧cep‧tion‧al

Adjective

exceptional (comparative more exceptional, superlative most exceptional)

  1. Forming an exception; not ordinary; uncommon; rare.
    What an exceptional flower!
  2. Better than the average; superior due to exception or rarity.
    The quality of the beer was exceptional.
  3. (geometry) Corresponding to something of lower dimension under a birational correspondence.
    an exceptional curve; an exceptional divisor

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:excellent
  • egregious (most often used negatively, however)

Antonyms

  • (forming an exception): ordinary, categorical, common, general, usual
  • (superior due to exception or rarity): ordinary, mediocre, commonplace

Derived terms

  • exceptional space
  • exceptionally
  • exceptionalism

Translations

Noun

exceptional (plural exceptionals)

  1. An exception, or something having an exceptional value
    • 1909, Pediatrics (volume 21, page 276)
      Above and beyond all these exceptionals, by reason of divergencies from the norms of mental and of physical status, there are quite a number of moral defectives.


English

Alternative forms

  • perticular (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English particuler, from Anglo-Norman particuler, Middle French particuler, particulier, from Late Latin particularis (partial; separate, individual), from Latin particula ((small) part). Equivalent to particle +‎ -ar. Compare particle.

Pronunciation

  • (rhotic) IPA(key): /pɚˈtɪkjəlɚ/
  • (non-rhotic) IPA(key): /pəˈtɪkjələ/
  • (US, rhotic, r-dissimilation) IPA(key): /pəˈtɪkjəlɚ/
  • Hyphenation: par‧tic‧u‧lar
  • Rhymes: -ɪkjʊlə(ɹ)

Adjective

particular (comparative more particular, superlative most particular) (also non-comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Pertaining only to a part of something; partial.
  2. Specific; discrete; concrete.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:specific
    Antonym: general
  3. Specialised; characteristic of a specific person or thing.
    Synonyms: optimized, specialistic
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, Of Gardens
      wheresoever one plant draweth such a particular juice out of the earth
  4. (obsolete) Known only to an individual person or group; confidential.
    • 1623, William Shakespeare, King Lear, V.1:
      or these domesticke and particular broiles, Are not the question heere.
  5. Distinguished in some way; special (often in negative constructions).
  6. (comparable) Of a person, concerned with, or attentive to, details; fastidious.
    Synonyms: minute, precise, fastidious; see also Thesaurus:fastidious
  7. Concerned with, or attentive to, details; minute; circumstantial; precise.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:meticulous
  8. (law) Containing a part only; limited.
  9. (law) Holding a particular estate.
  10. (logic) Forming a part of a genus; relatively limited in extension; affirmed or denied of a part of a subject.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Further reading

  • particular in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Noun

particular (plural particulars)

  1. A small individual part of something larger; a detail, a point. [from 15th c.]
  2. (obsolete) A person’s own individual case. [16th-19th c.]
    • 1658, Henry Hammond, Whole Duty of Man
      temporal blessings, whether such as concern the public [] or such as concern our particular
  3. (now philosophy, chiefly in plural) A particular case; an individual thing as opposed to a whole class. (Opposed to generals, universals.) [from 17th c.]

Related terms

  • universal
  • for one’s particular

Translations


Catalan

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin particularis.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic) IPA(key): /pəɾ.ti.kuˈla/
  • (Central) IPA(key): /pər.ti.kuˈla/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /paɾ.ti.kuˈlaɾ/

Adjective

particular (masculine and feminine plural particulars)

  1. private
  2. particular

Derived terms

  • particularment

Related terms

  • partícula
  • particularitat

Further reading

  • “particular” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “particular” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “particular” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “particular” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin particulāris, corresponding to partícula +‎ -ar.

Pronunciation

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /pɐɾ.ti.ku.ˈlaɾ/
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /paʁ.ˌt͡ʃi.ku.ˈlaʁ/, [pɐχ.ˌt͡ʃi.kʊ.ˈl̪äχ]
  • Hyphenation: par‧ti‧cu‧lar

Adjective

particular m or f (plural particulares, comparable)

  1. private (concerning, accessible or belonging to an individual person or group)
  2. private (not belonging to the government)
    Synonym: privado
    Antonym: público
  3. particular; specific
    Synonym: específico
  4. particular; distinguished; exceptional
    Synonym: excepcional

Inflection

Derived terms

  • em particular

Related terms

  • partícula

Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin particulāris.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /paɾtikuˈlaɾ/, [paɾ.t̪i.kuˈlaɾ]

Adjective

particular (plural particulares)

  1. specific, particular
    Synonyms: concreto, específico
  2. peculiar, strange
    Synonyms: raro, extraño
  3. personal
    Synonym: íntimo
  4. private
    Synonym: privado

Related terms

  • partícula

Noun

particular m (plural particulares)

  1. individual, private citizen

Further reading

  • “particular” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

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