exchange vs substitution what difference

what is difference between exchange and substitution



  • IPA(key): /ɛksˈtʃeɪndʒ/
  • Rhymes: -eɪndʒ

Etymology 1

From Middle English eschaunge, borrowed from Anglo-Norman eschaunge, from Old French eschange (whence modern French échange), from the verb eschanger, from Vulgar Latin *excambiāre, present active infinitive of *excambiō (from Latin ex with Late Latin cambiō). Spelling later changed on the basis of ex- in English.


exchange (countable and uncountable, plural exchanges)

  1. An act of exchanging or trading.
  2. A place for conducting trading.
  3. A telephone exchange.
  4. (telephony, US) The fourth through sixth digits of a ten-digit phone number (the first three before the introduction of area codes).
  5. A conversation.
  6. (chess) The loss of one piece and associated capture of another
    1. (usually with “the”) The loss of a relatively minor piece (typically a bishop or knight) and associated capture of the more advantageous rook
  7. (obsolete) The thing given or received in return; especially, a publication exchanged for another.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  8. (biochemistry) The transfer of substances or elements like gas, amino-acids, ions etc. sometimes through a surface like a membrane.
  9. (finance) The difference between the values of money in different places.
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Middle English eschaungen, from Anglo-Norman eschaungier, Old French eschanger, from the Old French verb eschangier, eschanger (whence modern French échanger), from Vulgar Latin *excambiāre, present active infinitive of *excambiō (from Latin ex with Late Latin cambiō). Gradually displaced native Old English wrixlan, wixlan (to change, exchange, reciprocate) and its descendants, wrixle being one of them.


exchange (third-person singular simple present exchanges, present participle exchanging, simple past and past participle exchanged)

  1. (transitive) To trade or barter.
    I’ll gladly exchange my place for yours.
  2. (transitive) To replace with, as a substitute.
    I’d like to exchange this shirt for one in a larger size.
    Since his arrest, the mob boss has exchanged a mansion for a jail cell.
  • (trade or barter): truck, wrixle; See also Thesaurus:trade or Thesaurus:barter
  • (replace with a substitute): interchange, swap; See also Thesaurus:switch
Derived terms

Further reading

  • exchange in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • exchange in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • exchange at OneLook Dictionary Search



From Middle French substitution, from Late Latin substitutio.


  • (US) IPA(key): /ˌsʌbstəˈtuʃən/
  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˌsʌbstɪˈtjuːʃən/


substitution (countable and uncountable, plural substitutions)

  1. The act of substituting or the state of being substituted.
  2. A substitute or replacement.
  3. (chemistry, especially organic chemistry) The replacement of an atom, or group of atoms, in a compound, with another.
  4. (linguistics) The expansion of the lexicon of a language by native means in correspondence to a foreign term.
    Hypernym: loan
    Hyponyms: loan coinage, loan meaning
    Coordinate term: importation

Derived terms



  • bustitutions



From Latin substitūtiō.


  • IPA(key): /syp.sti.ty.sjɔ̃/


substitution f (plural substitutions)

  1. substitution

Related terms

  • substituer

Further reading

  • “substitution” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

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