excoriate vs reprobate what difference

what is difference between excoriate and reprobate

English

Etymology

From Late Latin excoriātus, perfect participle of Latin excoriō (take the skin or hide off, flay), from ex (off) + corium (hide, skin).

Pronunciation

  • (US) IPA(key): /ɪkˈskɔɹ.iˌeɪt/, /ɪkˈskoʊɹ.iˌeɪt/

Verb

excoriate (third-person singular simple present excoriates, present participle excoriating, simple past and past participle excoriated)

  1. (transitive) To wear off the skin of; to chafe or flay.
    Synonyms: abrade, chafe, flay
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To strongly denounce or censure.
    Synonyms: condemn, disparage, reprobate, tear a strip off
    • 2004, China Miéville, Iron Council, 2005 Trade paperback ed., →ISBN. p. 464:
      Madeleina di Farja had described Ori, and Cutter had envisaged an angry, frantic, pugnacious boy eager to fight, excoriating his comrades for supposed quiescence.
    • 2006, Patrick Healy “Spitzer and Clinton Win in N.Y. Primary,” New York Times, 13 Sep. (retrieved 7 Oct. 2008):
      Mr. Green, a former city public advocate and candidate for mayor in 2001, ran ads excoriating Mr. Cuomo’s ethics.

Derived terms

  • excoriator
  • excoriation

Translations

Anagrams

  • exoterica

Latin

Verb

excoriāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of excoriō


English

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Latin reprobatus (disapproved, rejected, condemned), past participle of reprobare.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹɛpɹəbət/

Adjective

reprobate (comparative more reprobate, superlative most reprobate)

  1. (rare) Rejected; cast off as worthless.
    • Reprobate silver shall men call them, because the Lord hath rejected them.
  2. Rejected by God; damned, sinful.
  3. Immoral, having no religious or principled character.
    The reprobate criminal sneered at me.
Translations

Noun

reprobate (plural reprobates)

  1. One rejected by God; a sinful person.
  2. An individual with low morals or principles.
    • c. 1603, Walter Raleigh, Apology for the Voyage to Guiana
      I acknowledge myself for a reprobate, a villain, a traitor to the king.
    • 1920, Herman Cyril McNeile, Bulldog Drummond Chapter 1
      “Good morning, Mrs. Denny,” he said. “Wherefore this worried look on your face? Has that reprobate James been misbehaving himself?”
Related terms
  • depraved
Translations

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Latin reprobare, reprobatus. Doublet of reprove.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹɛpɹəbeɪt/

Verb

reprobate (third-person singular simple present reprobates, present participle reprobating, simple past and past participle reprobated)

  1. To have strong disapproval of something; to reprove; to condemn.
  2. Of God: to abandon or reject, to deny eternal bliss.
  3. To refuse, set aside.
Translations

Anagrams

  • perborate

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /re.proˈbaː.te/, [ɾɛpɾɔˈbäːt̪ɛ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /re.proˈba.te/, [rɛprɔˈbɑːt̪ɛ]

Verb

reprobāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of reprobō

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