excruciate vs torture what difference

what is difference between excruciate and torture

English

Etymology

From Latin excruciātus, past participle of excruciō, from ex- +‎ cruciō, from the base of crux (cross).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛk.ˈskɹu.ʃi.eɪ̯t/, /ɛk.ˈskɹu.si.eɪ̯t/

Verb

excruciate (third-person singular simple present excruciates, present participle excruciating, simple past and past participle excruciated)

  1. (transitive) To inflict intense pain or mental distress on (someone); to torture.

Related terms

  • excruciating

Translations

Adjective

excruciate (comparative more excruciate, superlative most excruciate)

  1. (obsolete) Excruciated; tortured.
    • 1616, George Chapman’s translation of Homer’s Odyssey
      And here my heart long time excruciate
      Amongst the leaves I rested all that night.

Latin

Verb

excruciāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of excruciō


English

Etymology

From Middle English torture, from Old French torture, from Late Latin tortūra (a twisting, writhing, of bodily pain, a griping colic;” in Middle Latin “pain inflicted by judicial or ecclesiastical authority as a means of persuasion, torture), from Latin tortus (whence also tort), past participle of torquere (to twist).

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈtɔɹt͡ʃɚ/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈtɔːt͡ʃə(ɹ)/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)tʃə(ɹ)
  • Homophone: torcher
  • Hyphenation: tor‧ture

Noun

torture (countable and uncountable, plural tortures)

  1. intentional causing of somebody’s experiencing agony
  2. (chiefly literary) the “suffering of the heart” imposed by one on another, as in personal relationships
    Coventry City midfielder Josh Ruffels described his 11 months out injured as ‘absolute torture’ after the goalless draw with Derby County Under-21s. ([3])
  3. (colloquial) (often as “absolute torture”) stage fright, severe embarrassment

Derived terms

Related terms

Synonyms

  • enhanced interrogation techniques

Translations

Verb

torture (third-person singular simple present tortures, present participle torturing, simple past and past participle tortured)

  1. (transitive) To intentionally inflict severe pain or suffering on (someone).

Derived terms

Translations

Further reading

  • torture in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • torture in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • torture at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • trouter, tutorer

Asturian

Verb

torture

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of torturar
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of torturar

French

Etymology

From Late Latin tortūra, from Latin tortus, from torqueō.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tɔʁ.tyʁ/
  • Rhymes: -yʁ
  • Homophones: torturent, tortures

Noun

torture f (plural tortures)

  1. torture
    • With these passages and other similar ones, the poor gentleman lost his judgement. He spent his nights and gave himself torture to understand them, to consider them more deeply, to take from them their deepest meaning, which Aristotle himself would not have been able to do, had he been resurrected for that very purpose.

Related terms

Descendants

  • Swedish: tortyr c

Verb

torture

  1. first-person singular present indicative of torturer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of torturer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of torturer
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of torturer
  5. second-person singular imperative of torturer

Further reading

  • “torture” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /torˈtu.re/
  • Rhymes: -ure

Noun

torture f

  1. plural of tortura

Anagrams

  • rotture, rutterò, ruttore

Latin

Participle

tortūre

  1. vocative masculine singular of tortūrus

Portuguese

Verb

torture

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of torturar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of torturar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of torturar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of torturar

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /toɾˈtuɾe/, [t̪oɾˈt̪u.ɾe]

Verb

torture

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of torturar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of torturar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of torturar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of torturar.

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