exercise vs work what difference

what is difference between exercise and work

English

Alternative forms

  • exercice (obsolete; noun senses only)

Etymology

From Middle English exercise, from Old French exercise, from Latin exercitium.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɛk.sə.saɪz/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɛk.sɚ.saɪz/
  • Hyphenation: ex‧er‧cise

Noun

exercise (countable and uncountable, plural exercises)

  1. (countable) Any activity designed to develop or hone a skill or ability.
    • an exercise of the eyes and memory
  2. (countable, uncountable) Activity intended to improve physical, or sometimes mental, strength and fitness.
  3. A setting in action or practicing; employment in the proper mode of activity; exertion; application; use.
    • December 8, 1801, Thomas Jefferson, first annual message
      exercise of the important function confided by the constitution to the legislature
    • O we will walk this world, / Yoked in all exercise of noble end.
  4. The performance of an office, ceremony, or duty.
    I assisted the ailing vicar in the exercise of his parish duties.
    • Lewis [] refused even those of the church of England [] the public exercise of their religion.
  5. (obsolete) That which gives practice; a trial; a test.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Verb

exercise (third-person singular simple present exercises, present participle exercising, simple past and past participle exercised)

  1. To exert for the sake of training or improvement; to practice in order to develop.
  2. (intransitive) To perform physical activity for health or training.
  3. (transitive) To use (a right, an option, etc.); to put into practice.
  4. (now often in passive) To occupy the attention and effort of; to task; to tax, especially in a painful or vexatious manner; harass; to vex; to worry or make anxious.
  5. (obsolete) To set in action; to cause to act, move, or make exertion; to give employment to.

Translations

See also

  • train
  • work out

Further reading

  • exercise in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • exercise in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.


English

Alternative forms

  • werk, werke, worke (obsolete)
  • wuk (nonstandard, AAVE)

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /wɜːk/
  • (Broad Geordie) IPA(key): [wɔːk]
  • (General American) IPA(key): /wɝk/, [wɝk]
  • (NYC) IPA(key): /wɔɪk/
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)k

Etymology 1

From Middle English work, werk, from Old English worc, weorc, ġeweorc, from Proto-Germanic *werką (work), from Proto-Indo-European *wérǵom; akin to Scots wark, Saterland Frisian Wierk, West Frisian wurk, Dutch werk, German Werk, German Low German Wark, Danish værk, Norwegian Bokmål verk, Norwegian Nynorsk verk, Swedish verk and yrke, Icelandic verk, Gothic ???????????????????????????????? (gawaurki), Ancient Greek ἔργον (érgon, work) (from ϝέργον (wérgon)), Avestan ????????????????????(vərəz, to work, to perform), Armenian գործ (gorc, work), Albanian argëtoj (entertain, reward, please). English cognates include bulwark, boulevard, energy, erg, georgic, liturgy, metallurgy, organ, surgeon, wright. Doublet of ergon.

Noun

work (countable and uncountable, plural works)

  1. (heading, uncountable) Employment.
    1. Labour, occupation, job.
      Synonyms: see Thesaurus:occupation
    2. The place where one is employed.
    3. (by extension) One’s employer.
    4. (dated) A factory; a works.
      • 1917, Platers’ Guide (page 246)
        In trials of a Martin furnace in a steel work at Remscheiden, Germany, a lining of zirconia was found in good condition after []
  2. (heading, uncountable) Effort.
    1. Effort expended on a particular task.
      Synonyms: see Thesaurus:work
    2. Sustained human effort to overcome obstacles and achieve a result.
      • The Bat—they called him the Bat. Like a bat he chose the night hours for his work of rapine; like a bat he struck and vanished, pouncingly, noiselessly; like a bat he never showed himself to the face of the day.
    3. Something on which effort is expended.
    4. (physics) A measure of energy expended in moving an object; most commonly, force times distance. No work is done if the object does not move.
    5. (physics, more generally) A measure of energy that is usefully extracted from a process.
  3. (heading) Product; the result of effort.
    1. (uncountable, often in combination) The result of a particular manner of production.
    2. (uncountable, often in combination) Something produced using the specified material or tool.
    3. (countable) A literary, artistic, or intellectual production.
      • “[…] We are engaged in a great work, a treatise on our river fortifications, perhaps? But since when did army officers afford the luxury of amanuenses in this simple republic? []
    4. (countable) A fortification.
  4. (uncountable, slang, professional wrestling) The staging of events to appear as real.
  5. (mining) Ore before it is dressed.
  6. (slang, plural only) The equipment needed to inject a drug (syringes, needles, swabs etc.)
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Pijin: waka
Translations

See also

  • (product (combining form)): -ing

Etymology 2

From Middle English werken and worchen, from Old English wyrċan and wircan (Mercian), from Proto-Germanic *wurkijaną (to work), from Proto-Indo-European *werǵ- (to work). Cognate with Old Frisian werka, wirka, Old Saxon wirkian, Low German warken, Dutch werken, Old High German wurken (German wirken, werken and werkeln), Old Norse yrkja and orka, (Swedish yrka and orka), Gothic ???????????????????????????????? (waurkjan).

Verb

work (third-person singular simple present works, present participle working, simple past and past participle worked or (rare/archaic) wrought)

  1. (intransitive) To do a specific task by employing physical or mental powers.
    1. Followed by in (or at, etc.) Said of one’s workplace (building), or one’s department, or one’s trade (sphere of business).
    2. Followed by as. Said of one’s job title
    3. Followed by for. Said of a company or individual who employs.
    4. Followed by with. General use, said of either fellow employees or instruments or clients.
  2. (transitive) To effect by gradual degrees.
    • 1712, Joseph Addison, Cato, a Tragedy
      So the pure, limpid stream, when foul with stains / Of rushing torrents and descending rains, / Works itself clear, and as it runs, refines, / Till by degrees the floating mirror shines.
  3. (transitive) To embroider with thread.
  4. (transitive) To set into action.
  5. (transitive) To cause to ferment.
  6. (intransitive) To ferment.
    • 1612, Francis Bacon, Essay on Natural History
      the working of beer when the barm is put in
  7. (transitive) To exhaust, by working.
    • 1774, Edward Long, The History of Jamaica. Or, General Survey of the Antient and Modern State of that Island, volume 2, chapter 11, 240:
      They were told of a ſilver mine, that had been worked by the Spaniards, ſomewhere in the Healthſhire Hills, in St. Catharine; but they were not able to diſcover it.
  8. (transitive) To shape, form, or improve a material.
  9. (transitive) To operate in a certain place, area, or speciality.
  10. (transitive) To operate in or through; as, to work the phones.
  11. (transitive) To provoke or excite; to influence.
  12. (transitive) To use or manipulate to one’s advantage.
  13. (transitive) To cause to happen or to occur as a consequence.
  14. (transitive) To cause to work.
  15. (intransitive) To function correctly; to act as intended; to achieve the goal designed for.
  16. (intransitive, figuratively) To influence.
  17. (intransitive) To effect by gradual degrees; as, to work into the earth.
  18. (intransitive) To move in an agitated manner.
    A ship works in a heavy sea.
    • 1705, Joseph Addison, Remarks on several parts of Italy, &c., in the years 1701, 1702, 1703
      confused with working sands and rolling waves
  19. (intransitive) To behave in a certain way when handled
  20. (ditransitive, poetic) To cause (someone) to feel (something); to do unto somebody (something, whether good or bad).
    • 1885, Richard F. Burton, The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night:
      And indeed I blamed myself and sore repented me of having taken compassion on him and continued in this condition, suffering fatigue not to be described, till I said to myself, “I wrought him a weal and he requited me with my ill; by Allah, never more will I do any man a service so long as I live!”
  21. (obsolete, intransitive) To hurt; to ache.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte d’Arthur, Book XXI:
      ‘I wolde hit were so,’ seyde the Kynge, ‘but I may nat stonde, my hede worchys so—’
  22. (slang, transitive) To pull off; to wear, perform, etc. successfully or to advantage.
Conjugation
Derived terms
Translations

Further reading

  • “work” in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 334.

References


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