exfoliation vs scale what difference

what is difference between exfoliation and scale

English

Etymology

From Latin exfoliare (to remove leaves).

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən

Noun

exfoliation (countable and uncountable, plural exfoliations)

  1. The scaling off of a bone, a rock, or a mineral, etc.; the state of being exfoliated.
  2. The loss of leaves from a plant.
  3. The removal of a layer of skin, as in cosmetic preparation.

Translations

See also

  • exfoliant
  • foliate
  • foliation

French

Pronunciation

Noun

exfoliation f (plural exfoliations)

  1. exfoliation

Further reading

  • “exfoliation” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /skeɪl/, [skeɪ̯ɫ]
  • Hyphenation: scale
  • Rhymes: -eɪl

Etymology 1

From Middle English scale, from Latin scāla, usually in plural scālae (a flight of steps, stairs, staircase, ladder), for *scadla, from scandō (I climb); see scan, ascend, descend, etc. Doublet of scala.

Noun

scale (plural scales)

  1. (obsolete) A ladder; a series of steps; a means of ascending.
  2. An ordered, usually numerical sequence used for measurement, means of assigning a magnitude.
    Please rate your experience on a scale from 1 to 10.
    The magnitude of an earthquake is measured on the open-ended Richter scale.
  3. Size; scope.
    There are some who question the scale of our ambitions.
  4. The ratio of depicted distance to actual distance.
    This map uses a scale of 1:10.
  5. A line or bar associated with a drawing, used to indicate measurement when the image has been magnified or reduced.
  6. (music) A series of notes spanning an octave, tritave, or pseudo-octave, used to make melodies.
  7. A mathematical base for a numeral system; radix.
    the decimal scale; the binary scale
  8. Gradation; succession of ascending and descending steps and degrees; progressive series; scheme of comparative rank or order.
  9. A standard amount of money to be received by a performer or writer, negotiated by a union.
    Sally wasn’t the star of the show, so she was glad to be paid scale.
Hyponyms
  • (earthquake): Mercalli scale, Palermo scale, Richter scale
  • (economy): wage scale
  • (psychology): Kinsey scale
  • Derived terms
    Related terms
    Descendants
    • Japanese: スケール (sukēru)
    Translations
    See also
    • degree
    • ordinal variable
    References
    • scale on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

    Verb

    scale (third-person singular simple present scales, present participle scaling, simple past and past participle scaled)

    1. (transitive) To change the size of something whilst maintaining proportion; especially to change a process in order to produce much larger amounts of the final product.
      We should scale that up by a factor of 10.
    2. (transitive) To climb to the top of.
      Hilary and Norgay were the first known to have scaled Everest.
      • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot Chapter IX
        At last I came to the great barrier-cliffs; and after three days of mad effort–of maniacal effort–I scaled them. I built crude ladders; I wedged sticks in narrow fissures; I chopped toe-holds and finger-holds with my long knife; but at last I scaled them. Near the summit I came upon a huge cavern.
      • 1932, Dorothy L Sayers, Have his Carcase, Chapter 1.
        A solitary rock is always attractive. All right-minded people feel an overwhelming desire to scale and sit upon it.
    3. (intransitive, computing) To tolerate significant increases in throughput or other potentially limiting factors.
      That architecture won’t scale to real-world environments.
    4. (transitive) To weigh, measure or grade according to a scale or system.
    Hyponyms
    • scale back
    • scale down
    • scale up
    Related terms
    • scaling ladder
    Translations

    Etymology 2

    From Middle English scale, from Old French escale, from Frankish and/or Old High German skala, from Proto-Germanic *skalō. Cognate with Old English sċealu (shell, husk), whence the modern doublet shale. Further cognate with Dutch schaal, German Schale, French écale. Also related to English shell, French écaille, Italian scaglia.

    Noun

    scale (plural scales)

    1. Part of an overlapping arrangement of many small, flat and hard pieces of keratin covering the skin of an animal, particularly a fish or reptile.
    1. A small piece of pigmented chitin, many of which coat the wings of a butterfly or moth to give them their color.
    2. A flake of skin of an animal afflicted with dermatitis.
    3. Part of an overlapping arrangement of many small, flat and hard protective layers forming a pinecone that flare when mature to release pine nut seeds.
    4. The flaky material sloughed off heated metal.
    5. Scale mail (as opposed to chain mail).
    6. Limescale.
    7. A scale insect.
    8. The thin metallic side plate of the handle of a pocketknife.
    Derived terms
    • antiscalant
    • criticola scale
    Descendants
    • Japanese: スケール (sukēru)
    Translations

    Verb

    scale (third-person singular simple present scales, present participle scaling, simple past and past participle scaled)

    1. (transitive) To remove the scales of.
      Please scale that fish for dinner.
      Synonym: descale
    2. (intransitive) To become scaly; to produce or develop scales.
      The dry weather is making my skin scale.
    3. (transitive) To strip or clear of scale; to descale.
      to scale the inside of a boiler
    4. (transitive) To take off in thin layers or scales, as tartar from the teeth; to pare off, as a surface.
      • 1684-1690, Thomas Burnet, Sacred Theory of the Earth
        if all the mountains and hills were scaled, and the earth made even
    5. (intransitive) To separate and come off in thin layers or laminae.
      Some sandstone scales by exposure.
    6. (Britain, Scotland, dialect) To scatter; to spread.
    7. (transitive) To clean, as the inside of a cannon, by the explosion of a small quantity of powder.
      (Can we find and add a quotation of Totten to this entry?)
    Translations

    Etymology 3

    From Old Norse skál (bowl). Compare Danish skål (bowl, cup), Dutch schaal; German Schale; Old High German scāla; Gothic ???????????????????????? (skalja, tile, brick), Old English scealu (cup; shell). Cognate with scale, as in Etymology 2.

    Noun

    scale (plural scales)

    1. A device to measure mass or weight.
      After the long, lazy winter I was afraid to get on the scale.
    1. Either of the pans, trays, or dishes of a balance or scales.
    Usage notes
    • The noun is often used in the plural to denote a single device (originally a pair of scales had two pans).
    Descendants
    • Japanese: スケール (sukēru)
    Translations
    Further reading
    • scale up on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
    • scale in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
    • scale in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

    Anagrams

    • -clase, Celas, Salce, acles, alecs, claes, laces, selca

    Italian

    Noun

    scale f pl

    1. plural of scala

    Anagrams

    • calse, salce

    Middle English

    Etymology 1

    From Old French escale.

    Alternative forms

    • skale, scalle

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /ˈskaːl(ə)/

    Noun

    scale (plural scales)

    1. flake
    Descendants
    • English: scale
    • Yola: skaulès (plural)
    References
    • “scāle, n.(1).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

    Etymology 2

    From Latin scāla.

    Alternative forms

    • skale, schale

    Noun

    scale (plural scales)

    1. ladder
    Descendants
    • English: scale
    References
    • “scāle, n.(2).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

    Etymology 3

    From Old Norse [Term?].

    Alternative forms

    • shale, schale

    Noun

    scale (plural scales)

    1. hut, hovel
    References
    • “scāle, n.(3).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

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