exhale vs expire what difference

what is difference between exhale and expire

English

Etymology

From Middle French exhaler, from Latin exhalare, from ex (out) + halare (to breathe).

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ɛksˈheɪl/
  • Rhymes: -eɪl

Verb

exhale (third-person singular simple present exhales, present participle exhaling, simple past and past participle exhaled)

  1. (intransitive) To expel air from the lungs through the nose or mouth by action of the diaphragm, to breathe out.
  2. (transitive) To expel (something, such as tobacco smoke) from the lungs by action of the diaphragm.
  3. (intransitive) To pass off in the form of vapour; to emerge.
    • 2008, Gregor Dallas, Metrostop Paris, John Murray 2009, p. 9:
      Above was a tiled roof – though from that imperfect tiling exhaled stench and pestilence.
  4. (transitive) To emit (a vapour, an odour, etc.).
    The earth exhales vapor; marshes exhale noxious effluvia.
  5. (transitive) To draw out; to cause to be emitted in vapour.
    The sun exhales the moisture of the earth.

Synonyms

  • (breathe out (intransitive)): outbreathe, breathe out, expire (archaic)
  • (expel (transitive)): outbreathe, breathe out, expire (archaic)

Antonyms

  • (expel (transitive)): inbreathe, breathe in, inhale
  • (breathe out (intransitive)): inbreathe, breathe in, inspire

Derived terms

  • exhalation

Related terms

  • inhalation
  • inhale
  • inhaler

Translations

Noun

exhale (plural exhales)

  1. An exhalation.
    • 2009, David A. Clark, Aaron T. Beck, Cognitive Therapy of Anxiety Disorders: Science and Practice
      Now have client take slower, normal breaths through the nose and notice how the abdomen moves slightly outward with each inhale and then deflates with each exhale.

Further reading

  • exhale in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • exhale in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • exhale at OneLook Dictionary Search

French

Verb

exhale

  1. first-person singular present indicative of exhaler
  2. third-person singular present indicative of exhaler
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of exhaler
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of exhaler
  5. second-person singular imperative of exhaler

Portuguese

Verb

exhale

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of exhalar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of exhalar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of exhalar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of exhalar

Spanish

Verb

exhale

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of exhalar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of exhalar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of exhalar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of exhalar.


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Middle French expirer, from Latin exspīrō, exspīrāre, from ex- (out) + spīrō, spīrāre (breathe, be alive)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪkˈspaɪə(ɹ)/, /ɛkˈspaɪə(ɹ)/
  • Rhymes: -aɪə(ɹ)
  • Hyphenation: ex‧pire

Verb

expire (third-person singular simple present expires, present participle expiring, simple past and past participle expired)

  1. (intransitive) To die.
  2. (intransitive) To lapse and become invalid.
  3. (transitive, intransitive) To exhale; to breathe out.
    • 1672 Gideon Harvey, Morbus Anglicus, Or, The Anatomy of Consumptions
      Anatomy exhibits the lungs in a continual motion of inspiring and expiring air.
    • 1717, John Dryden, Meleager and Atalanta
      This chafed the boar; his nostrils flames expire.
    • 1843, Loring Dudley Chapin
      Animals expire carbon and plants inspire it; plants expire oxygen and animals inspire it.
  4. (transitive) To give forth insensibly or gently, as a fluid or vapour; to emit in minute particles.
  5. (transitive) To bring to a close; to terminate.

Synonyms

  • (to die): See also Thesaurus:die

Antonyms

  • (to exhale): inspire

Derived terms

  • expiration
  • expiry
  • expiree

Related terms

  • inspire
  • respiration
  • respire
  • spirit

Translations

Anagrams

  • prexie

French

Pronunciation

Verb

expire

  1. first-person singular present indicative of expirer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of expirer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of expirer
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of expirer
  5. second-person singular imperative of expirer

Anagrams

  • expier

Portuguese

Verb

expire

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of expirar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of expirar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of expirar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of expirar

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ekˈspire]

Verb

expire

  1. third-person singular present subjunctive of expira
  2. third-person plural present subjunctive of expira

Spanish

Verb

expire

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of expirar.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of expirar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of expirar.

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