exhortative vs hortatory what difference

what is difference between exhortative and hortatory

English

Etymology

From Latin exhortativus, from exhortatus, akin to English exhort +‎ -ative.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɨɡˈzɔɹtətɪv/

Adjective

exhortative (comparative more exhortative, superlative most exhortative)

  1. (comparable) Appearing to exhort; in an urging manner.
  2. (grammar, not comparable) Inflected hortative verb form that a speaker uses to avidly encourage a listener.
    • 1994, Hein van der Voort, A grammar of Kwaza, Mouton de Gruyzer, page 528:
      In sections (5.2.7-10.) three special prohibitive moods were identified and described: negative imperative, negative exhortative and monitory.

Noun

exhortative (plural exhortatives)

  1. The exhortative mood.

Synonyms

  • exhortatory
  • hortative

References

exhortative on Wikipedia.Wikipedia



English

Etymology

From Middle French hortatoire, from Latin hortor (encourage).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈhɔːtətəɹi/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈhɔɹtətɔɹi/

Adjective

hortatory (comparative more hortatory, superlative most hortatory)

  1. Giving exhortation or advice; encouraging.
    Synonyms: exhortatory, inciting
    • 1992, Joyce Carol Oates, Black Water, Penguin Books, paperback edition, page 47
      Not in a curse but in a hortatory appeal.
    • 1929, Virginia Woolf, A Room of One’s Own, Harcourt, Inc, page 27:
      Some of these books were, on the face of it, frivolous and facetious; but many, on the other hand, were serious and prophetic, moral and hortatory.

Synonyms

  • (encouraging): protreptic

Translations

Noun

hortatory (plural hortatories)

  1. Exhortation or advice; incitement; encouragement.
    • 2004, Dale L. Walker, Westward: A Fictional History of the American West, Macmillan, page 53
      I did not know enough of the Book to understand his hortatory but it seemed to please Miz Ann, who thanked him for his blessings, said she did not require his other services, and that he had paid for his meal with his message.
  2. That which exhorts, incites, or encourages.
    • 1907, Henry Sidgwick, The Methods of Ethics, Macmillan and Company, seventh edition, page 12
      For here as in other points the development of the theory of Ethics would seem to be somewhat impeded by the preponderance of practical considerations; and perhaps a more complete detachment of the theoretical study of right conduct from its practical application is to be desired for the sake even of the latter itself: since a treatment which is a compound between the scientific and the hortatory is apt to miss both the results that it would combine; the mixture is bewildering to the brain and not stimulating to the heart.

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