exile vs expatriate what difference

what is difference between exile and expatriate

English

Etymology

From Middle English exil, borrowed from Old French essil, exil, from Latin exsilium, exilium (state of exile), derived from exsul, exul (exiled person).

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈɛɡˌzaɪl/, /ˈɛkˌsaɪl/
  • Hyphenation: ex‧ile

Noun

exile (countable and uncountable, plural exiles)

  1. (uncountable) The state of being banished from one’s home or country.
    Synonym: banishment
  2. (countable) Someone who is banished from their home or country.
    Synonyms: expatriate, expat

Derived terms

  • internal exile

Translations

Verb

exile (third-person singular simple present exiles, present participle exiling, simple past and past participle exiled)

  1. (transitive) To send into exile.
    • ?, Alfred Tennyson, The Passing of Arthur
      Exiled from eternal God.
    Synonyms: banish, forban

Translations

Anagrams

  • Lexie, lexie

French

Verb

exile

  1. first-person singular present indicative of exiler
  2. third-person singular present indicative of exiler
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of exiler
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of exiler
  5. second-person singular imperative of exiler

Latin

Adjective

exīle

  1. nominative neuter singular of exīlis
  2. accusative neuter singular of exīlis
  3. vocative neuter singular of exīlis

Portuguese

Verb

exile

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of exilar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of exilar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of exilar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of exilar

Spanish

Verb

exile

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of exilar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of exilar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of exilar.
  4. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of exilar.


English

Etymology

From French expatrier, from ex- (out of) + patrie (native land).

Pronunciation

  • Adjective and noun: IPA(key): /ɛksˈpætɹɪɪt/, /ɛksˈpeɪ.tɹi.ɪt/
  • Verb: IPA(key): /ɛksˈpætɹɪˌeɪt/, /ɛksˈpeɪ.tɹiˌeɪt/
  • Hyphenation: ex‧pa‧tri‧ate

Adjective

expatriate (not comparable)

  1. Living outside of one’s own country.

Translations

Noun

expatriate (plural expatriates)

  1. One who lives outside their own country.
    1. One who has been banished from their own country.

Synonyms

  • émigré
  • outland

Derived terms

  • expat
  • rex-pat, rex-patriate

Related terms

  • inpatriate
  • repatriate

Translations

See also

  • emigrant
  • exile
  • immigrant

Verb

expatriate (third-person singular simple present expatriates, present participle expatriating, simple past and past participle expatriated)

  1. (transitive) To banish; to drive or force (a person) from his own country; to make an exile of.
  2. (intransitive) To withdraw from one’s native country.
  3. (intransitive) To renounce the rights and liabilities of citizenship where one is born and become a citizen of another country.

Related terms

  • repatriate
  • patriate

Translations


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