exorbitant vs steep what difference

what is difference between exorbitant and steep

English

Etymology

From the Late Latin exorbitāns, the present active participle of exorbitō (I go out of the track), from ex (out) + orbita (wheel-track); see orbit. Compare the French exorbitant.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɪɡˈzɔːbɪtənt/, /ɛɡˈzɔːbɪtənt/

Adjective

exorbitant (comparative more exorbitant, superlative most exorbitant)

  1. Exceeding proper limits; excessive or unduly high; extravagant.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:excessive

Translations


French

Etymology

Learned borrowing from Late Latin exorbitāns, present participle of exorbitō (whence exorbiter).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛɡ.zɔʁ.bi.tɑ̃/

Adjective

exorbitant (feminine singular exorbitante, masculine plural exorbitants, feminine plural exorbitantes)

  1. exorbitant
  2. extortionate

Related terms

  • orbite

Further reading

  • “exorbitant” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

German

Etymology

From Late Latin exorbitāns.

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ant

Adjective

exorbitant (comparative exorbitanter, superlative am exorbitantesten)

  1. exorbitant

Declension

Synonyms

  • maßlos
  • unverschämt

Further reading

  • “exorbitant” in Duden online

Romanian

Etymology

From French exorbitant, from Latin exorbitans.

Adjective

exorbitant m or n (feminine singular exorbitantă, masculine plural exorbitanți, feminine and neuter plural exorbitante)

  1. extortionate

Declension



English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: stēp, IPA(key): /stiːp/
  • Rhymes: -iːp

Etymology 1

From Middle English steep, from Old English stēap (high), from Proto-Germanic *staupaz. Compare Old Frisian stāp, Dutch stoop (grand; proud), Middle High German stouf (towering cliff, precipice), Middle High German stief (steep)), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewb- (to push, stick). The Proto-Indo-European root (and related) has many and varied descendants, including English stub; compare also Scots stap (to strike, to forcibly insert).

The sense of “sharp slope” is attested circa 1200; the sense “expensive” is attested US 1856.

Adjective

steep (comparative steeper, superlative steepest)

  1. Of a near-vertical gradient; of a slope, surface, curve, etc. that proceeds upward at an angle near vertical.
  2. (informal) expensive
  3. (obsolete) Difficult to access; not easy reached; lofty; elevated; high.
    • 1596, George Chapman, De Guiana, carmen Epicum
      Her ears and thoughts in steep amaze erected
  4. (of the rake of a ship’s mast, or a car’s windshield) resulting in a mast or windshield angle that strongly diverges from the perpendicular

Derived terms

  • steepen

Synonyms

  • (dialectal) brant
Translations

Noun

steep (plural steeps)

  1. The steep side of a mountain etc.; a slope or acclivity.
    • 1833, Banjamin Disraeli, The Wondrous Tale of Alroy
      It ended precipitously in a dark and narrow ravine, formed on the other side by an opposite mountain, the lofty steep of which was crested by a city gently rising on a gradual slope

Etymology 2

From Middle English stepen, from Old Norse steypa (to make stoop, cast down, pour out, cast (metal)), from Proto-Germanic *staupijaną (to tumble, make tumble, plunge), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewb- (to push, hit). Cognate with Danish støbe (cast (metal)), Norwegian støpe, støype, Swedish stöpa (to found, cast (metal)), Old English stūpian (to stoop, bend the back, slope). Doublet of stoop.

Verb

steep (third-person singular simple present steeps, present participle steeping, simple past and past participle steeped)

  1. (transitive, middle) To soak or wet thoroughly.
    • 1820, William Wordsworth, Composed at Cora Linn, in sight of Wallace’s Tower
      In refreshing dews to steep / The little, trembling flowers.
  2. (intransitive, figuratively) To imbue with something; to be deeply immersed in.
    • 1871, John Earle, The Philology of the English Tongue
    The learned of the nation were steeped in Latin.
    • 1989, Black 47, Big Fellah:
      We fought against each other, two brothers steeped in blood / But I never doubted that your heart was broken in the flood / And though we had to shoot you down in golden Béal na mBláth / I always knew that Ireland lost her greatest son of all.
Derived terms
  • insteep
Translations

Noun

steep (countable and uncountable, plural steeps)

  1. A liquid used in a steeping process
    Corn steep has many industrial uses.
  2. A rennet bag.
Translations

References

Anagrams

  • Estep, Tepes, petes, speet, teeps, tepes

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