expedition vs junket what difference

what is difference between expedition and junket

English

Etymology

From Middle French expédition, and its source, Latin expeditio

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ɛkspəˈdɪʃən/
  • Rhymes: -ɪʃən

Noun

expedition (countable and uncountable, plural expeditions)

  1. (obsolete) The act of expediting something; prompt execution.
  2. A military journey; an enterprise against some enemy or into enemy territory.
  3. (now rare) The quality of being expedite; speed, quickness.
    • 1719, Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe:
      one of them began to come nearer our boat than at first I expected; but I lay ready for him, for I had loaded my gun with all possible expedition [] .
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society 1973, p. 331:
      he presently exerted his utmost agility, and with surprizing expedition ascended the hill.
    • 1979, John Le Carré, Smiley’s People, Folio Society 2010, p. 33:
      The photographer had photographed, the doctor had certified life extinct, the pathologist had inspected the body in situ as a prelude to conducting his autopsy – all with an expedition quite contrary to the proper pace of things, merely in order to clear the way for the visiting irregular, as the Deputy Assistant Commissioner (Crime and Ops) had liked to call him.
  4. (military) An important or long journey, for example a march or a voyage
  5. A trip, especially a long one, made by a person or a group of people for a specific purpose
  6. (collective) The group of people making such excursion.

Related terms

Translations

Verb

expedition (third-person singular simple present expeditions, present participle expeditioning, simple past and past participle expeditioned)

  1. (intransitive) To take part in a trip or expedition; to travel.
    • 1950, Sewage and Industrial Wastes Engineering (volume 21, page 588)
      The attendance was given color by the ISO women who graced some of the sessions, attended the social events and expeditioned around the famous spots in Washington and its periphery area.
    • 1998, Greg Child, Thin Air: Encounters in the Himalayas (page 185)
      I feel uprooted from the vital connections to Salley, to home, stranded with only the mountain and my fellow madmen as company. These thoughts appear like a mirage, a hallucination, a symptom of the schizophrenia of expeditioning.

Further reading

  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “expedition”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

expedition c

  1. an expedition, a journey, a mission
  2. an office

Declension

Related terms

  • expeditionschef


English

Etymology

From Middle English jonket (basket made of rushes; food, probably made of sour milk or cream; banquet, feast.), from Medieval Latin iuncta, possibly from Latin iuncus (rush, reed) and therefore a possible doublet of jonquil.

Meaning shifted to “feast of banquet” by 1520s, probably via the notion of a picnic basket. This in turn led to the sense of “pleasure-trip” (1814), and then to specifically to “trip made ostensibly for business but which entails merrymaking or entertainment” by 1886 in American English.

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈdʒʌŋkɪt/
  • Rhymes: -ʌŋkɪt

Noun

junket (plural junkets)

  1. (obsolete) A basket.
  2. A type of cream cheese, originally made in a rush basket; later, a food made of sweetened curds or rennet.
    • 1818, John Keats, “Where be ye going, you Devon maid?”:
      I love your meads, and I love your flowers, / And I love your junkets mainly […].
  3. (obsolete) A delicacy.
    • 1593, William Shakespeare, The Taming of the Shrew, Act III, Scene 2,[1]
      [] though bride and bridegroom wants
      For to supply the places at the table,
      You know there wants no junkets at the feast.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, V.4:
      Goe streight, and take with thee to witnesse it / Sixe of thy fellowes of the best array, / And beare with you both wine and juncates fit, / And bid him eate […].
  4. A feast or banquet.
    • 1790, Ambrose Philips, The free-thinker, Vol III. No 124., page 95
      Conversation is the natural Junket of the Mind ; and most Men have an Appetite to it, once in the day at least […].
  5. A pleasure-trip; a journey made for feasting or enjoyment, now especially a trip made ostensibly for business but which entails merrymaking or entertainment.
  6. A press junket.
    • 2018, An Phung and Chloe Melas,”Women accuse Morgan Freeman of inappropriate behavior, harassment”, CNN entertainment, May 24, 2018
      An entertainment reporter who is a member of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association said Freeman made comments about her skirt and her legs during two different junkets.
  7. (gambling) A gaming room for which the capacity and limits change daily, often rented out to private vendors who run tour groups through them and give a portion of the proceeds to the main casino.

Translations

References

Verb

junket (third-person singular simple present junkets, present participle junketing or junketting, simple past and past participle junketed or junketted)

  1. (intransitive, dated) To attend a junket; to feast.
    • 1677, Hannah Woolley, The Compleat Servant-Maid, London: T. Passinger, p. 2,[2]
      Be careful that you wast not, or spoil your Ladies, or Mistresses goods, neither sit you up junketing a nights, after your Master and Mistress be abed.
    • 1688, Robert South, Sermon preached on 8 April, 1688, in Twelve Sermons Preached upon Several Occasions. The Second Volume, London: Thomas Bennet, p. 414,[3]
      Iob’s Children junketted and feasted together often, but the Reckoning cost them dear at last.
    • 1748, Samuel Richardson, Clarissa, London, for the author, Volume 1, Letter 32, p. 218,[4]
      ’Tis better than lying abed half the day, and junketing and card-playing all the night, and makeing yourselves wholly useless to every good purpose in your own families, as is now the fashion among ye []
    • 1879, Robert Louis Stevenson, Edinburgh: Picturesque Notes, London: Seeley, Jackson & Halliday, Chapter 10, p. 38,[5]
      After they had built their water-house and laid their pipes, it occurred to them that the place was suitable for junketing. Once entertained, with jovial magistrates and public funds, the idea led speedily to accomplishment; and Edinburgh could soon boast of a municipal Pleasure House.
  2. (intransitive) To go on a junket; to travel.
    • 1910, Lucy Maud Montgomery, “Miss Sally’s Letter,”[6]
      Together they made trips to town or junketed over the country in search of furniture and dishes of which Miss Sally had heard.
    • 1921, Ida Tarbell, “The Socialization of the Home” in The Business of Being a Woman, New York: Macmillan,[7]
      It is only by much junketing about that one comes to the full realization of what men and women in the main are doing in this country. One learns as he passes from town to town, through cities and across plains, that the general reason for industry everywhere is to get the means to build and support a home.
    • 1943, Patrick Quentin, “The Last of Mrs. Maybrick” in Marc Gerald (ed.), Murder Plus: True Crime Stories from the Masters of Detective Fiction, New York: Pharos, 1992, p. 214,[8]
      It was her belief that the summer folk went junketing off with the first fall of autumn leaves, leaving their cats to starve.
    • 1985, Herman Wouk, Inside, Outside, New York: Avon, 1986, Chapter 81, p. 549,[9]
      On the boat I met an old art history professor, with whom I junketed around for a while, visiting museums in London and Paris []
  3. (transitive) To regale or entertain with a feast.

Synonyms

  • (attend a junket): banquet
  • (go on a junket): gallivant, jaunt

Translations


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