express vs extract what difference

what is difference between express and extract

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /ɪkˈspɹɛs/ IPA(key): /ɛk.ˈspɹɛs/
  • Rhymes: -ɛs

Etymology 1

From French exprès, from Latin expressus, past participle of exprimere (see Etymology 2, below).

Adjective

express (comparative more express, superlative most express)

  1. (not comparable) Moving or operating quickly, as a train not making local stops.
  2. (comparable) Specific or precise; directly and distinctly stated; not merely implied.
    I gave him express instructions not to begin until I arrived, but he ignored me.
    This book cannot be copied without the express permission of the publisher.
  3. Truly depicted; exactly resembling.
    In my eyes it bore a livelier image of the spirit, it seemed more express and single, than the imperfect and divided countenance.
  4. (postpositive, retail) Providing a more limited but presumably faster service than a full or complete dealer of the same kind or type.
    The Pizza Hut inside Target isn’t a full one: it’s a Pizza Hut Express.
    Some Wal-Mart stores will include a McDonald’s Express.
    The mall’s selection of cell phone carriers includes a full AT&T store and a T-Mobile express.
Synonyms
  • (of a train): fast, crack
  • (directly and distinctly stated; not merely implied): explicit, plain; see also Thesaurus:explicit
Antonyms
  • (directly and distinctly stated; not merely implied): implied
Translations

Noun

express (plural expresses)

  1. A mode of transportation, often a train, that travels quickly or directly.
  2. A service that allows mail or money to be sent rapidly from one destination to another.
  3. An express rifle.
    • 1885, H. Rider Haggard, King Solomon’s Mines
      “Give me my express,” I said, laying down the Winchester, and he handed it to me cocked.
  4. (obsolete) A clear image or representation; an expression; a plain declaration.
    • a. 1667, Jeremy Taylor, Clerus Domini, or, A discourse of the divine institution, necessity, sacredness, and separation of the office ministerial together with the nature and manner of its power and operation
      the only remanent express of Christ’s sacrifice on earth
  5. A messenger sent on a special errand; a courier.
  6. An express office.
    • 1873, Edward Everett Hale, Christmas Eve and Christmas Day
      She charged him [] to ask at the express if anything came up from town.
  7. That which is sent by an express messenger or message.
Synonyms
  • (of a train): fast train
Antonyms
  • (of a train): local, stopper
Translations

Etymology 2

From Old French espresser, expresser, from frequentative form of Latin exprimere.

Verb

express (third-person singular simple present expresses, present participle expressing, simple past and past participle expressed)

  1. (transitive) To convey or communicate; to make known or explicit.
  2. (transitive) To press, squeeze out (especially said of milk).
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby-Dick, chapter 13
      The people of his island of Rokovoko, it seems, at their wedding feasts express the fragrant water of young cocoanuts into a large stained calabash like a punchbowl […].
    • 2018, Kelsey Munroe, The Guardian, 15 March:
      They don’t have teats, so the mothers express their milk onto their bellies for their young to feed.
  3. (biochemistry) To translate messenger RNA into protein.
  4. (biochemistry) To transcribe deoxyribonucleic acid into messenger RNA.
    • 2015, Ferris Jabr, How Humans Ended Up With Freakishly Huge Brains, Wired:
      When a cell “expresses” a gene, it translates the DNA first into a signature messenger RNA (mRNA) sequence and subsequently into a chain of amino acids that forms a protein.
Synonyms
  • outspeak, utter
Derived terms
  • expressed
  • expressedly
  • express oneself
Related terms
  • expressible
  • expressibly
  • expression
  • expressive
  • expressively
  • expressly
Translations

Noun

express (plural expresses)

  1. (obsolete) The action of conveying some idea using words or actions; communication, expression.
    • 1646, Sir Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, V.20:
      Whereby they discoursed in silence, and were intuitively understood from the theory of their expresses.
  2. (obsolete) A specific statement or instruction.
    • 1646, Sir Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, II.5:
      This Gentleman […] caused a man to go down no less than a hundred fathom, with express to take notice whether it were hard or soft in the place where it groweth.

French

Etymology

Borrowed from English express, from Old French expres, from Latin expressus

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛk.spʁɛs/
  • Homophone: expresse

Adjective

express (invariable)

  1. express, rapide

Derived terms

Noun

express m (plural express)

  1. express train or service


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin extractum, neuter perfect passive participle of extrahō.

Pronunciation

  • (noun): enPR: ĕks’trăkt, IPA(key): /ˈɛkstɹækt/
  • (verb): enPR: ĭkstrăkt’, IPA(key): /ɪksˈtɹækt/, IPA(key): /ɛksˈtɹækt/
  • Rhymes: -ækt

Noun

extract (plural extracts)

  1. Something that is extracted or drawn out.
  2. A portion of a book or document, incorporated distinctly in another work; a citation; a quotation.
    I used an extract of Hemingway’s book to demonstrate culture shock.
  3. A decoction, solution, or infusion made by drawing out from any substance that which gives it its essential and characteristic virtue
    extract of beef
    extract of dandelion
    vanilla extract
  4. Any substance extracted is such a way, and characteristic of that from which it is obtained
    quinine is the most important extract of Peruvian bark.
  5. A solid preparation obtained by evaporating a solution of a drug, etc., or the fresh juice of a plant (distinguished from an abstract).
  6. (obsolete) A peculiar principle (fundamental essence) once erroneously supposed to form the basis of all vegetable extracts.
  7. Ancestry; descent.
  8. A draft or copy of writing; a certified copy of the proceedings in an action and the judgment therein, with an order for execution.

Synonyms

  • (that which is extracted): extraction; See also Thesaurus:decrement
  • (principle): extractive principle
  • (ancestry, descent): origin, extraction

Derived terms

  • yeast extract

Translations

See also

  • tincture

Verb

extract (third-person singular simple present extracts, present participle extracting, simple past extracted, past participle extracted or (archaic) extraught)

  1. (transitive) To draw out; to pull out; to remove forcibly from a fixed position, as by traction or suction, etc.
    to extract a tooth from its socket, a stump from the earth, or a splinter from the finger
  2. (transitive) To withdraw by expression, distillation, or other mechanical or chemical process. Compare abstract (transitive verb).
    to extract an essential oil from a plant
  3. (transitive) To take by selection; to choose out; to cite or quote, as a passage from a book.
    • 1724, Jonathan Swift, Drapier’s Letters, 4
      I have thought it proper to extract out of that pamphlet a few of those notorious falsehoods.
  4. (transitive) To select parts of a whole
    We need to try to extract the positives from the defeat.
  5. (transitive, arithmetic) To determine (a root of a number).
    • 1953, Samuel Beckett, Watt
      [] Mr. Nackybal was thoroughly examined, both in cubing and extracting, from the table that Louit had provided.

Synonyms

  • (to draw out): outdraw
  • (to take by selection): sunder out

Translations


Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch extract, from Latin extractum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛksˈtrɑkt/
  • Hyphenation: ex‧tract
  • Rhymes: -ɑkt

Noun

extract n (plural extracten)

  1. extract, decoction
    Synonym: aftreksel
  2. (obsolete) abridgement of a text
    Synonym: uittreksel

Derived terms

  • plantenextract
  • thee-extract

Descendants

  • Indonesian: ekstrak

Romanian

Etymology

From Latin extractus

Noun

extract n (plural extracte)

  1. extract

Declension


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