expressway vs pike what difference

what is difference between expressway and pike

English

Alternative forms

  • expy (contraction)

Etymology

express +‎ way

Noun

expressway (plural expressways)

  1. (parts of the US) A divided highway where intersections and direct access to adjacent properties have been eliminated.
  2. (Canada, parts of the US, Malaysia, Singapore) A road built to freeway standards.
  3. (New Zealand) A road built for high speed traffic, but not up to motorway standards or designated a motorway.

Synonyms

(abbreviations)

  • ewy / ewy.
  • expwy / expwy.
  • expy / expy.

Derived terms

(abbreviations)

  • ewy / ewy.
  • expy / expy.
  • expwy / expwy.

Translations

See also

  • autoroute
  • carriageway
  • freeway
  • highway
  • motorway

Further reading

  • expressway on Wikipedia.Wikipedia


English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /paɪk/
  • Rhymes: -aɪk

Etymology 1

From Middle English pyke, pyk, pik, pike (pike; sharp point, iron tip of a staff or spear, pointed toe of an item of footwear; sharp tool; mountain, peak), from Old English pīc (pointed object, pick axe), and Middle French pique (long thrusting weapon), from Old French pic (sharp point, spike); both ultimately from Proto-Germanic *pīkaz, *pīkō (sharp point, pike, peak), related to pick with a narrower meaning.

The word is cognate with Middle Dutch pecke, peke, picke (modern Dutch piek), German Pike, Norwegian pik, and possibly Old Irish pīk. It is a doublet of pique.

The diving or gymnastics position is probably from tapered appearance of the body when the position is executed.

The carnivorous freshwater fish is probably derived from the “sharp point, spike” senses, due to the fish’s pointed jaws.

The verb sense “to quit or back out of a promise” may be from the sense of taking up pilgrim’s staff or pike and leaving on a pilgrimage; and compare Middle English pī̆ken (to go, remove oneself) and Old Danish pikke af (to go away).

Noun

pike (plural pikes)

  1. (military, historical) A very long spear used two-handed by infantry soldiers for thrusting (not throwing), both for attacks on enemy foot soldiers and as a countermeasure against cavalry assaults.
  2. A sharp point, such as that of the weapon.
  3. A large haycock (conical stack of hay left in a field to dry before adding to a haystack).
  4. Any carnivorous freshwater fish of the genus Esox, especially the northern pike, Esox lucius.
  5. (diving, gymnastics) A position with the knees straight and a tight bend at the hips with the torso folded over the legs, usually part of a jack-knife. [from 1920s]
  6. (fashion, dated) A pointy extrusion at the toe of a shoe.
  7. (chiefly Northern England) Especially in place names: a hill or mountain, particularly one with a sharp peak or summit.
  8. (obsolete) A pick, a pickaxe.
  9. (obsolete, Britain, dialectal) A hayfork.
  10. (obsolete, often euphemistic) A penis.
  11. (historical) A style of shoes with long toes, very popular in Europe in the 14th and 15th centuries.
Synonyms
  • (the fish): ged
  • (the fish species Esox lucius): see northern pike
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

pike (third-person singular simple present pikes, present participle piking, simple past and past participle piked)

  1. (transitive) To prod, attack, or injure someone with a pike.
  2. (transitive, intransitive, diving, gymnastics) To assume a pike position.
  3. (intransitive, gambling) To bet or gamble with only small amounts of money.
  4. (intransitive, Australia, New Zealand, slang) Often followed by on or out: to quit or back out of a promise.
Derived terms
  • piker
  • pikey
Translations

Etymology 2

Clipping of turnpike (a toll road, especially a toll expressway; a spiked barrier across a road, originally used to block access to the road until toll had been paid).

Noun sense 2 (“gypsy, itinerant tramp, or traveller”) and verb sense 2 (“to depart, travel, especially to flee, run away”) may refer to someone frequently using turnpikes, or may be derived from Middle English pī̆ken (to go, remove oneself).

Noun

pike (plural pikes)

  1. Short for turnpike.
  2. (derogatory, slang) A gypsy, itinerant tramp, or traveller from any ethnic background; a pikey.
Translations

Verb

pike (third-person singular simple present pikes, present participle piking, simple past and past participle piked)

  1. (intransitive) To equip with a turnpike.
  2. (intransitive, obsolete, Britain, thieves’ cant) To depart or travel (as if by a turnpike), especially to flee, to run away.

References

Anagrams

  • kepi, kipe

Middle English

Noun

pike

  1. Alternative form of pyke

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse píka.

Noun

pike f or m (definite singular pika or piken, indefinite plural piker, definite plural pikene)

  1. a girl

Usage notes

Jente is the standard appellation for girl in Norwegian; pike may also be used, though it is seen as somewhat conservative.

Synonyms

  • jente

Derived terms

References

  • “pike” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɪˈkeː/ (example of pronunciation)

Noun

pike m (definite singular pikeen, indefinite plural pikear, definite plural pikeane)

  1. alternative spelling of piké (piqué)

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