extend vs strain what difference

what is difference between extend and strain

English

Etymology

From Middle English extenden, from Anglo-Norman extendre, estendre, from Latin extendō (I stretch out).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛkˈstɛnd/
  • Rhymes: -ɛnd
  • Hyphenation: ex‧tend

Verb

extend (third-person singular simple present extends, present participle extending, simple past and past participle extended)

  1. (intransitive) To increase in extent.
  2. (intransitive) To possess a certain extent; to cover an amount of space.
    The desert extended for miles in all directions.
  3. (transitive) To cause to increase in extent.
  4. (transitive) To cause to last for a longer period of time.
  5. (transitive) To straighten (a limb).
  6. (transitive) To bestow; to offer; to impart; to apply.
    to extend sympathy to the suffering
    to extend credit to a valued customer
  7. To increase in quantity by weakening or adulterating additions.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of G. P. Burnham to this entry?)
    • 1897, Alonzo Lewis, James Robinson Newhall, History of Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts (page 155)
      [] the exalted morality of those virtuous brethren in the trade who, with consciences as weak as their own “extended” liquors, sought to convince him that to reduce the drink was a mercy to the poor deluded toper.
  8. (Britain, law) To value, as lands taken by a writ of extent in satisfaction of a debt; to assign by writ of extent.
  9. (object-oriented programming) Of a class: to be an extension or subtype of, or to be based on, a prototype or a more abstract class.
    Synonym: inherit
  10. (intransitive, US, military) To reenlist for a further period.
    • 1993, The Leatherneck (volume 76, page xxxvi)
      Two years later, back to amtracs, this time at Camp Schwab, Okinawa, and I liked it so much I extended.

Synonyms

  • enlarge
  • expand
  • increase
  • lengthen
  • stretch
  • widen

Related terms

Translations

Anagrams

  • dentex


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /stɹeɪ̯n/
  • Rhymes: -eɪn

Etymology 1

From Middle English streen, strene, streon, istreon (race, stock, generation), from Old English strēon, ġestrēon (gain, wealth), from Proto-Germanic *streuną (heap, treasure, profit, gain), from Proto-Indo-European *strew- (to spread, strew) (cognate with Old Saxon gistriuni, Old High German gistriuni (gain, property, wealth, business), Latin strues (heap)). Confused in Middle English with the related noun strend, strynd, strund, from Old English strȳnd (race; stock), from strēonan, strȳnan (to beget; acquire). Related also to Dutch struinen (to prowl, root about, rout).

Noun

strain (plural strains)

  1. (archaic) Race; lineage, pedigree.
  2. (biology) A particular variety of a microbe, virus, or other organism, usually a taxonomically infraspecific one.
  3. (figuratively) Hereditary character, quality, tendency, or disposition.
    Synonyms: propensity, proneness
    • a. 1694, John Tillotson, The Advantages of Religion to Societies
      Intemperance and lust breed diseases, which being propogated, spoil the strain of a nation.
  4. (music, poetry) Any sustained note or movement; a song; a distinct portion of an ode or other poem; also, the pervading note, or burden, of a song, poem, etc.
    Synonyms: theme, motive, manner, style
  5. Language that is eloquent, poetic, or otherwise heightened.
    (The addition of quotations indicative of this usage is being sought:)
  6. (rare) A kind or sort (of person etc.).
  7. (obsolete) Treasure.
  8. (obsolete) The blood-vessel in the yolk of an egg.
Translations
Related terms
  • strew

Etymology 2

From Middle English straynen, streinen, streynen, from Old French estreindre (whence French étreindre (to grip)), from Latin stringere (to draw tight together, to tie).

Verb

strain (third-person singular simple present strains, present participle straining, simple past and past participle strained)

  1. (obsolete) To hold tightly, to clasp.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.ii:
      So hauing said, her twixt her armes twaine / She straightly straynd, and colled tenderly []
    • Evander with a close embrace / Strained his departing friend.
    • 1859, Ferna Vale, Natalie; or, A Gem Among the Sea-Weeds
      “Farewell!”—the mother strained her child to her heart again, and again put her from her, to embrace her more closely.
  2. To apply a force or forces to by stretching out.
  3. To damage by drawing, stretching, or the exertion of force.
  4. To act upon, in any way, so as to cause change of form or volume, as when bending a beam.
  5. To exert or struggle (to do something), especially to stretch (one’s senses, faculties etc.) beyond what is normal or comfortable.
    • They strain their warbling throats / To welcome in the spring.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4
      Thus my plight was evil indeed, for I had nothing now to burn to give me light, and knew that ’twas no use setting to grout till I could see to go about it. Moreover, the darkness was of that black kind that is never found beneath the open sky, no, not even on the darkest night, but lurks in close and covered places and strains the eyes in trying to see into it.
  6. To stretch beyond its proper limit; to do violence to, in terms of intent or meaning.
    • 1724, Jonathan Swift, Drapier’s Letters, 4
      There can be no other meaning in this expression, however some may pretend to strain it.
  7. (transitive) To separate solid from liquid by passing through a strainer or colander
  8. (intransitive) To percolate; to be filtered.
  9. To make uneasy or unnatural; to produce with apparent effort; to force; to constrain.
  10. To urge with importunity; to press.
  11. (transitive) hug somebody; to hold somebody tightly.
Derived terms
  • strainer
  • strain every nerve
Translations

Noun

strain (countable and uncountable, plural strains)

  1. The act of straining, or the state of being strained.
    • 1832, Charles Stewart Drewry (A.M.I.C.E.), A memoir on suspension bridges, page 183:
      If the Menai Bridge, for instance, were loaded at that rate, the entire strain on the main chains would be about 2000 tons ; while the chains containing 260 square inches of iron would bear, at 9 tons per square inch, 2340 tons, without stretching  …
    • 2004, Sanjay Shrivastava, Medical Device Materials: Proceedings from the Materials & Processes for Medical Devices Conference 2003, 8-10 September 2003, Anaheim, California, ASM International (→ISBN), page 176:
      Therefore, the goal of this study is to assess the influence of strain on the corrosion resistance of passivated Nitinol and stainless steel implant materials. Materials and Methods Nitinol (50.8%at. Ni) wire (NDC, Fremont, CA) and 316L stainless …
  2. A violent effort; an excessive and hurtful exertion or tension, as of the muscles.
  3. An injury resulting from violent effort; a sprain.
  4. (uncountable, engineering) A dimensionless measure of object deformation either referring to engineering strain or true strain.
  5. (obsolete) The track of a deer.
    • 1624, John Smith, Generall Historie, in Kupperman 1988, p. 145:
      When they have shot a Deere by land, they follow him like bloud-hounds by the bloud, and straine, and oftentimes so take them.
Derived terms
  • breaking strain

Translations

Related terms

  • stress
  • strict
  • stringent

Etymology 3

From Middle English strenen (to beget, father, procreate), from Old English strēonan, strīenan, strȳnan (to beget, generate, gain, acquire), from Proto-Germanic *striunijaną (to furnish, decorate, acquire).

Verb

strain (third-person singular simple present strains, present participle straining, simple past and past participle strained)

  1. (obsolete) To beget, generate (of light), engender, copulate (both of animals and humans), lie with, be born, come into the world.

Anagrams

  • Sartin, Tarins, Trains, atrins, instar, santir, sartin, starin’, tairns, tarins, trains

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