exterminate vs extirpate what difference

what is difference between exterminate and extirpate

English

Etymology

From Latin exterminātus, perfect passive participle of exterminō, itself from ex- + terminō (I finish, close, end) (from terminus (limit, end)).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɛkˈstəː.mɪ.neɪt/, /ɪkˈstəː.mɪ.neɪt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɪkˈstɝ.mɪ.neɪt/, /ɛkˈstɝ.mɪ.neɪt/

Verb

exterminate (third-person singular simple present exterminates, present participle exterminating, simple past and past participle exterminated)

  1. (transitive) To kill all of (a population of pests or undesirables), usually intentionally.
    We’ll use poison to exterminate the rats.
  2. (figuratively, transitive) To bring a definite end to; finish completely.
    The public school failed to exterminate truancy.

Synonyms

  • (to kill all): annihilate, eradicate, extermine, uproot
  • (to bring an end to): stamp out
  • See also Thesaurus:destroy

Derived terms

Related terms

  • terminate
  • termination
  • terminator

Translations


Latin

Verb

extermināte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of exterminō


English

Etymology

From Latin exstirpō (uproot), from ex- (out of) +‎ stirps (the lower part of the trunk of a tree, including the roots; the stem, stalk).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɛkstəpeɪt/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɛkstɚpeɪt/
  • Hyphenation: ex‧tir‧pate

Verb

extirpate (third-person singular simple present extirpates, present participle extirpating, simple past and past participle extirpated)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To clear an area of roots and stumps.
  2. (transitive) To pull up by the roots; uproot.
    Synonyms: uproot, eradicate, extricate, deracinate
  3. (transitive) To destroy completely; to annihilate.
    Synonyms: annihilate, destroy, eradicate, exterminate; see also Thesaurus:destroy
  4. (transitive) To surgically remove.
    Synonym: excise

Related terms

  • extirp
  • extirpation
  • extirpative
  • extirpator

Translations

Further reading

  • extirpate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • extirpate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Latin

Verb

extirpāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of extirpō

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