extinct vs extinction what difference

what is difference between extinct and extinction

English

Etymology

Recorded since 1432; borrowed from Latin extinctus, the past participle of extinguere (to put out, destroy, abolish, extinguish), corresponding to ex- + stinguere (to quench)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪkˈstɪŋkt/, /ɛkˈstɪŋkt/
  • Rhymes: -ɪŋkt

Adjective

extinct (not comparable)

  1. (dated) Extinguished, no longer alight (of fire, candles etc.)
    Poor Edward’s cigarillo was already extinct.
  2. No longer used; obsolete, discontinued.
    The title became extinct when the last baron died.
    Luckily, such ideas about race are extinct in current sociological theory.
    • Indeed the very fact that the English spelling system writes in there as two words but therein as one word might be taken as suggesting that only the former is a productive syntactic construction in Modern English, the latter being a now extinct construction which has left behind a few fossil remnants in the form of compound words such as thereby.
  3. (of a group of organisms, as a species) No longer in existence; having died out.
  4. (geology) No longer active.

Synonyms

  • (no longer used): See also Thesaurus:obsolete
  • (having died out): See also Thesaurus:inexistent
  • (volcanology: no longer erupting): dead

Antonyms

  • (no longer alight): burning
  • (having died out): extant; See also Thesaurus:existent
  • (volcanology: no longer erupting): active, dormant

Related terms

  • extinction
  • extinctive
  • extinguish
  • distinct

Translations

Further reading

  • extinct at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • extinct in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • extinct in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Verb

extinct (third-person singular simple present extincts, present participle extincting, simple past and past participle extincted)

  1. (transitive, nonstandard) To make extinct; to extinguish or annihilate.


English

Etymology

From late Middle English, borrowed from Latin extinctio (extinction, annihilation), from extinguere, past participle extinctus (to extinguish); see extinguish.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪkˈstɪŋkʃən/

Noun

extinction (countable and uncountable, plural extinctions)

  1. The action of making or becoming extinct; annihilation.
  2. (astronomy) The absorption or scattering of electromagnetic radiation emitted by astronomical objects by intervening dust and gas before it reaches the observer.
  3. (pathology) The inability to perceive multiple stimuli simultaneously.
  4. (psychology) The fading of a conditioned response over time if it is not reinforced.

Related terms

  • extinctionism
  • extinctionist
  • extinct
  • extinguish
  • hemiextinction

Translations

References

  • extinction in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • extinction in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • ctenitoxin

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin extinctiō, extinctiōnem.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛk.stɛ̃k.sjɔ̃/

Noun

extinction f (plural extinctions)

  1. extinction

Related terms

  • éteint

Further reading

  • “extinction” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

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