extinguish vs quench what difference

what is difference between extinguish and quench

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin extinguo (to put out (what is burning), quench, extinguish, deprive of life, destroy, abolish), from ex (out) + stinguere (to put out, quench, extinguish).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪkˈstɪŋ.ɡwɪʃ/

Verb

extinguish (third-person singular simple present extinguishes, present participle extinguishing, simple past and past participle extinguished)

  1. (transitive) to put out, as in fire; to end burning; to quench
  2. (transitive) to destroy or abolish something
    She extinguished all my hopes.
    They intended to extinguish the enemy by force of numbers
    • 1668 December 19, James Dalrymple, “Mr. Alexander Seaton contra Menzies” in The Deciſions of the Lords of Council & Seſſion I (Edinburgh, 1683), page 575
      The Pupil after his Pupillarity, had granted a Diſcharge to one of the Co-tutors, which did extinguiſh the whole Debt of that Co-tutor, and conſequently of all the reſt, they being all correi debendi, lyable by one individual Obligation, which cannot be Diſcharged as to one, and ſtand as to all the reſt.
  3. (transitive) to obscure or eclipse something
    The rays of the sun were extinguished by the thunder clouds.
    A beauty that extinguishes all others by comparison
  4. (transitive, psychology) to bring about the extinction of a conditioned reflex
    Many patients can extinguish their phobias after a few months of treatment.
  5. (transitive, literally) to hunt down (a species) to extinction
  6. (intransitive) To die out.

Synonyms

  • put out, quench, douse
  • See also Thesaurus:destroy

Related terms

  • distinguish
  • extinct
  • extinction
  • extinguisher
  • fire extinguisher

Translations

Further reading

  • extinguish in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • extinguish in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.


English

Etymology

From Middle English quenchen, from Old English cwenċan, acwenċan, from Proto-Germanic *kwankijaną.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kwɛnt͡ʃ/
  • Rhymes: -ɛntʃ

Verb

quench (third-person singular simple present quenches, present participle quenching, simple past and past participle quenched)

  1. (transitive) To satisfy, especially an actual or figurative thirst.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4
      I began also to feel very hungry, as not having eaten for twenty-four hours; and worse than that, there was a parching thirst and dryness in my throat, and nothing with which to quench it.
    Synonyms: appease, slake
  2. (transitive) To extinguish or put out (as a fire or light).
  3. (transitive, metallurgy) To cool rapidly by dipping into a bath of coolant, as a blacksmith quenching hot iron.
  4. (transitive, chemistry) To terminate or greatly diminish (a chemical reaction) by destroying or deforming the remaining reagents.
  5. (transitive, physics) To rapidly change the parameters of a physical system.
  6. (transitive, physics) To rapidly terminate the operation of a superconducting electromagnet by causing part or all of the magnet’s windings to enter the normal, resistive state.

Translations

Noun

quench (plural quenches)

  1. (physics) The abnormal termination of operation of a superconducting magnet, occurring when part of the superconducting coil enters the normal (resistive) state.
  2. (physics) A rapid change of the parameters of a physical system.

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