extirpate vs uproot what difference

what is difference between extirpate and uproot

English

Etymology

From Latin exstirpō (uproot), from ex- (out of) +‎ stirps (the lower part of the trunk of a tree, including the roots; the stem, stalk).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɛkstəpeɪt/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɛkstɚpeɪt/
  • Hyphenation: ex‧tir‧pate

Verb

extirpate (third-person singular simple present extirpates, present participle extirpating, simple past and past participle extirpated)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To clear an area of roots and stumps.
  2. (transitive) To pull up by the roots; uproot.
    Synonyms: uproot, eradicate, extricate, deracinate
  3. (transitive) To destroy completely; to annihilate.
    Synonyms: annihilate, destroy, eradicate, exterminate; see also Thesaurus:destroy
  4. (transitive) To surgically remove.
    Synonym: excise

Related terms

  • extirp
  • extirpation
  • extirpative
  • extirpator

Translations

Further reading

  • extirpate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • extirpate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Latin

Verb

extirpāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of extirpō


English

Etymology

From up- +‎ root.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʌpˈɹuːt/
  • Rhymes: -uːt

Verb

uproot (third-person singular simple present uproots, present participle uprooting, simple past and past participle uprooted) (transitive)

  1. To root up; to tear up by the roots, or as if by the roots; to extirpate.
  2. (by extension) To remove from a familiar circumstance, especially suddenly and unwillingly.
  3. (figuratively) To destroy utterly; to eradicate, exterminate.
    Synonym: benothing

Synonyms

  • (to root up): deracinate, disroot
  • See also Thesaurus:destroy

Derived terms

  • uprootal
  • uprooted
  • uprooting

Translations

Anagrams

  • root up

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