extortionate vs steep what difference

what is difference between extortionate and steep

English

Etymology

From extortion +‎ -ate (suffix forming adjectives with the sense ‘characterized by [the thing specified by the stem]’).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɛkˈstɔːʃənət/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ɛkˈstɔɹʃənət/
  • Hyphenation: ex‧tort‧ion‧ate

Adjective

extortionate (comparative more extortionate, superlative most extortionate)

  1. Of, related to, or typifying extortion (the practice of obtaining money or other property by the use of force or threats).
    Synonyms: (rare) extortionable, extortionary, (obsolete) extortious, extortive, gripeful
  2. Greatly exceeding what is moderate or reasonable; exorbitant.
    Synonyms: (rare) extortionable, (obsolete) extortious
    Antonyms: modest, unextortionate

Derived terms

  • extortionately
  • unextortionate

Related terms

Translations

References

Further reading

  • extortion on Wikipedia.Wikipedia


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: stēp, IPA(key): /stiːp/
  • Rhymes: -iːp

Etymology 1

From Middle English steep, from Old English stēap (high), from Proto-Germanic *staupaz. Compare Old Frisian stāp, Dutch stoop (grand; proud), Middle High German stouf (towering cliff, precipice), Middle High German stief (steep)), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewb- (to push, stick). The Proto-Indo-European root (and related) has many and varied descendants, including English stub; compare also Scots stap (to strike, to forcibly insert).

The sense of “sharp slope” is attested circa 1200; the sense “expensive” is attested US 1856.

Adjective

steep (comparative steeper, superlative steepest)

  1. Of a near-vertical gradient; of a slope, surface, curve, etc. that proceeds upward at an angle near vertical.
  2. (informal) expensive
  3. (obsolete) Difficult to access; not easy reached; lofty; elevated; high.
    • 1596, George Chapman, De Guiana, carmen Epicum
      Her ears and thoughts in steep amaze erected
  4. (of the rake of a ship’s mast, or a car’s windshield) resulting in a mast or windshield angle that strongly diverges from the perpendicular

Derived terms

  • steepen

Synonyms

  • (dialectal) brant
Translations

Noun

steep (plural steeps)

  1. The steep side of a mountain etc.; a slope or acclivity.
    • 1833, Banjamin Disraeli, The Wondrous Tale of Alroy
      It ended precipitously in a dark and narrow ravine, formed on the other side by an opposite mountain, the lofty steep of which was crested by a city gently rising on a gradual slope

Etymology 2

From Middle English stepen, from Old Norse steypa (to make stoop, cast down, pour out, cast (metal)), from Proto-Germanic *staupijaną (to tumble, make tumble, plunge), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewb- (to push, hit). Cognate with Danish støbe (cast (metal)), Norwegian støpe, støype, Swedish stöpa (to found, cast (metal)), Old English stūpian (to stoop, bend the back, slope). Doublet of stoop.

Verb

steep (third-person singular simple present steeps, present participle steeping, simple past and past participle steeped)

  1. (transitive, middle) To soak or wet thoroughly.
    • 1820, William Wordsworth, Composed at Cora Linn, in sight of Wallace’s Tower
      In refreshing dews to steep / The little, trembling flowers.
  2. (intransitive, figuratively) To imbue with something; to be deeply immersed in.
    • 1871, John Earle, The Philology of the English Tongue
    The learned of the nation were steeped in Latin.
    • 1989, Black 47, Big Fellah:
      We fought against each other, two brothers steeped in blood / But I never doubted that your heart was broken in the flood / And though we had to shoot you down in golden Béal na mBláth / I always knew that Ireland lost her greatest son of all.
Derived terms
  • insteep
Translations

Noun

steep (countable and uncountable, plural steeps)

  1. A liquid used in a steeping process
    Corn steep has many industrial uses.
  2. A rennet bag.
Translations

References

Anagrams

  • Estep, Tepes, petes, speet, teeps, tepes

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