extra vs supernumerary what difference

what is difference between extra and supernumerary

English

Etymology

Abbreviation of extraordinary.

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈɛkstɹə/
  • Hyphenation: ex‧tra

Adjective

extra (not comparable)

  1. Beyond what is due, usual, expected, or necessary; extraneous; additional; supernumerary.
  2. (dated) Extraordinarily good; superior.
  3. (slang) Over the top; going beyond what is normal or appropriate, often in a dramatic manner.
    • 2017, Yael Livnch, “Whole Foods”, in “Get The Inside Soup: Staffers Review Local Soup Stops”, 3 February 2017, page 23:
      I highly recommend getting some more bread on the side—they offer small loaves and soup crackers for free, but I’m so extra, I bought my own loaf.
    • 2017, Claire Craig, “#Instabeauty”, Northern Woman, November 2017, page 48:
      Shattered glass, pierced, bejewelled, chromed and glittered – nails are going totally extra on Insta at the minute and we approve.
    • 2019, Michelle Spottswood, quoted in Kirby Myers, “Does Christmas in your house start before or after Thanksgiving”, Key West Weekly, 21 November 2019, page 7:
      Two months of Christmas trees, Christmas movies and Christmas music brings so much fun to our home, we are so extra with it!
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:extra.

Derived terms

  • extraness

Translations

Adverb

extra (not comparable)

  1. (informal) To an extraordinary degree.

Translations

Noun

extra (plural extras)

  1. Something additional, such as an item above and beyond the ordinary school curriculum, or added to the usual charge on a bill.
    Synonyms: addition, supplement
  2. An extra edition of a newspaper, which is printed outside of the normal printing cycle.
  3. (cricket) A run scored without the ball having hit the striker’s bat – a wide, bye, leg bye or no ball.
    Synonym: sundry
  4. (acting) A supernumerary or walk-on in a film or play.
  5. Something of an extra quality or grade. (Can we add an example for this sense?)

Synonyms

  • (something additional): See also Thesaurus:adjunct

Derived terms

  • wuxtry

Translations

Derived terms

  • extra credit
  • Romsey Extra
  • sextra

Anagrams

  • Artex, retax, taxer

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin extra, influenced by French and Middle French extraordinaire.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛks.traː/
  • Hyphenation: extra

Adverb

extra

  1. extra

Adjective

extra (not comparable)

  1. extra
  2. (Limburg) on purpose

Inflection

Descendants

  • Indonesian: ekstra

Noun

extra m (plural extra’s, diminutive extraatje n)

  1. something extra, something in addition

See also

  • expres

French

Adjective

extra (plural extras)

  1. extra, additional
  2. great, super, famous

Noun

extra m or f (plural extras)

  1. extra, supplement

German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛks.tʁa/

Adjective

extra (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) Alternative form of extra- (extra, special, additional)

Usage notes

  • In formal standard German, extra- is a prefix attached to the following noun. In colloquial German, however, it is often treated like a real adjective. The substantival (or partitive) form used with indefinite pronouns may also take -s: was Extras (“something additional, something on top”).

Adverb

extra

  1. specifically (for a given purpose)
    Synonym: eigens
  2. (colloquial) on purpose
    Synonyms: absichtlich, mit Absicht
  3. (colloquial) aside, apart, separately
    Synonyms: einzeln, getrennt, separat
  4. (colloquial) particularly, very
    Synonyms: besonders, sehr

Usage notes

  • In the sense of “specifically”, extra has entered the standard language and is now frequently seen in writing. The other senses remain colloquial.

Hungarian

Etymology

From German extra, from Latin extra.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɛkstrɒ]
  • Hyphenation: ext‧ra
  • Rhymes: -rɒ

Adjective

extra (comparative extrább, superlative legextrább)

  1. extra (beyond what is due, usual, expected, or necessary; extraneous; additional)

Declension

Noun

extra (plural extrák)

  1. luxury features (e.g. in vehicles)

Declension

References


Ido

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ekstra/, /eɡztra/

Adjective

extra

  1. extra

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛks.tra/, /ˈɛs.tra/

Adjective

extra (invariable)

  1. extra
  2. select (best quality)

Noun

extra m (invariable)

  1. extra (something additional)

Preposition

extra

  1. outside of, aside from, not including

References


Latin

Etymology

Adverb contracted from the ablative exterā (parte), of exter.

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈek.straː/, [ˈɛks̠(t̪)ɾäː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈek.stra/, [ˈɛkst̪rɑ]

Preposition

extrā (+ accusative)

  1. outside of
  2. beyond

Derived terms

Descendants

References

  • extra in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • extra in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • extra in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
  • extra in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • Meyer-Lübke, Wilhelm (1911), “extra”, in Romanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), page 232
  • von Wartburg, Walther (1928–2002), “extra”, in Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume 30, page 330

Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈes.tɾɐ/

Adjective

extra m or f (plural extras, comparable)

  1. extra (beyond what is due, usual, expected or necessary)
    Synonym: adicional

Noun

extra m (plural extras)

  1. anything that is extra
  2. bonus (extra amount of money given as a premium)
    Synonym: bónus

Noun

extra m, f (plural extras)

  1. (film) extra; walk-on (actor in a small role with no dialogue)
    Synonym: figurante

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈekstɾa/, [ˈeks.t̪ɾa]

Adjective

extra (plural extras)

  1. additional, extra
  2. superior
  3. extraordinary
    Synonym: extraordinario

Derived terms

  • horas extras

Noun

extra m or f (plural extras)

  1. extra (in a film)

Swedish

Pronunciation

Adjective

extra

  1. extra

Related terms

Adverb

extra

  1. extra


English

Etymology

From Late Latin supernumerarius (extra soldier added to a legion; supernumerary), from super (above; beyond) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (out of) + *uperi (above), from *upo (below, under)) + numerum (accusative singular of numerus (number; collection, quantity), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *nem- (to distribute; to give, take)) + -ārius (suffix forming adjectives from nouns or numerals). The word is analysable as super- +‎ numeral +‎ -ary.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌsuːpəˈnjuːm(ə)ɹ(ə)ɹi/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˌsupɚˈn(j)uməˌɹɛɹi/
  • Hyphenation: su‧per‧nu‧mer‧a‧ry, su‧per‧nu‧mer‧ary

Noun

supernumerary (plural supernumeraries)

  1. A person who works in a group, association, or public office without forming part of the regular staff (the numerary). [from early 17th c.]
  2. (film, theater) An extra or walk-on, often non-speaking, in a film or play; a spear carrier.
    Synonyms: supe, super
  3. Something which is beyond the prescribed or standard amount or number.
  4. (zoology) An animal which has not formed a pair bond and is therefore single.
  5. (Roman Catholicism) A married man or woman who is a secular member of Opus Dei, a Roman Catholic religious institution.

Derived terms

  • supe, super (extra, walk-on)
  • supernumerarily
  • supernumerariness
  • supernumeraryship

Related terms

  • supernumerous
  • supranumerary

Translations

Adjective

supernumerary (not comparable)

  1. Greater in number than.
  2. Beyond the prescribed or standard amount or number; excess, extra.
    Synonym: epactal
    1. (biology, specifically) Of an organ or structure: additional to what is normally present.
      Synonym: supranumerary
  3. Beyond what is necessary; redundant.
    Synonyms: superfluous, unnecessary, unneeded, unwanted

Translations

Notes

References

Further reading

  • supernumerary (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • supernumerary in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • supernumerary in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • supernumerary at OneLook Dictionary Search

See also

  • supernumary, supernumery (misconstructions)

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