extract vs infusion what difference

what is difference between extract and infusion

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin extractum, neuter perfect passive participle of extrahō.

Pronunciation

  • (noun): enPR: ĕks’trăkt, IPA(key): /ˈɛkstɹækt/
  • (verb): enPR: ĭkstrăkt’, IPA(key): /ɪksˈtɹækt/, IPA(key): /ɛksˈtɹækt/
  • Rhymes: -ækt

Noun

extract (plural extracts)

  1. Something that is extracted or drawn out.
  2. A portion of a book or document, incorporated distinctly in another work; a citation; a quotation.
    I used an extract of Hemingway’s book to demonstrate culture shock.
  3. A decoction, solution, or infusion made by drawing out from any substance that which gives it its essential and characteristic virtue
    extract of beef
    extract of dandelion
    vanilla extract
  4. Any substance extracted is such a way, and characteristic of that from which it is obtained
    quinine is the most important extract of Peruvian bark.
  5. A solid preparation obtained by evaporating a solution of a drug, etc., or the fresh juice of a plant (distinguished from an abstract).
  6. (obsolete) A peculiar principle (fundamental essence) once erroneously supposed to form the basis of all vegetable extracts.
  7. Ancestry; descent.
  8. A draft or copy of writing; a certified copy of the proceedings in an action and the judgment therein, with an order for execution.

Synonyms

  • (that which is extracted): extraction; See also Thesaurus:decrement
  • (principle): extractive principle
  • (ancestry, descent): origin, extraction

Derived terms

  • yeast extract

Translations

See also

  • tincture

Verb

extract (third-person singular simple present extracts, present participle extracting, simple past extracted, past participle extracted or (archaic) extraught)

  1. (transitive) To draw out; to pull out; to remove forcibly from a fixed position, as by traction or suction, etc.
    to extract a tooth from its socket, a stump from the earth, or a splinter from the finger
  2. (transitive) To withdraw by expression, distillation, or other mechanical or chemical process. Compare abstract (transitive verb).
    to extract an essential oil from a plant
  3. (transitive) To take by selection; to choose out; to cite or quote, as a passage from a book.
    • 1724, Jonathan Swift, Drapier’s Letters, 4
      I have thought it proper to extract out of that pamphlet a few of those notorious falsehoods.
  4. (transitive) To select parts of a whole
    We need to try to extract the positives from the defeat.
  5. (transitive, arithmetic) To determine (a root of a number).
    • 1953, Samuel Beckett, Watt
      [] Mr. Nackybal was thoroughly examined, both in cubing and extracting, from the table that Louit had provided.

Synonyms

  • (to draw out): outdraw
  • (to take by selection): sunder out

Translations


Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch extract, from Latin extractum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛksˈtrɑkt/
  • Hyphenation: ex‧tract
  • Rhymes: -ɑkt

Noun

extract n (plural extracten)

  1. extract, decoction
    Synonym: aftreksel
  2. (obsolete) abridgement of a text
    Synonym: uittreksel

Derived terms

  • plantenextract
  • thee-extract

Descendants

  • Indonesian: ekstrak

Romanian

Etymology

From Latin extractus

Noun

extract n (plural extracte)

  1. extract

Declension



English

Etymology

From Middle English infusioun, from Old French infusion, from Latin infusio, infusionem (a pouring into, a wetting, a dyeing, a flow), from infundo.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪnˈfjuːʒən/
  • Rhymes: -uːʒən

Noun

infusion (countable and uncountable, plural infusions)

  1. A product consisting of a liquid which has had other ingredients steeped in it to extract useful qualities.
    An extract of rooibos and chamomile makes a refreshing infusion.
  2. The act of steeping or soaking a substance in liquid so as to extract medicinal or herbal qualities.
  3. The act of installing a quality into a person.
    • 1602 : William Shakespeare, Hamlet, act V scene 1
      […] but in the verity of extolment / I take him to be a soul of great article and his infusion / of such dearth and rareness as, to make true diction of / him, his semblable in his mirror, and who else would / trace him, his umbrage, nothing more.
  4. (obsolete) The act of dipping into a fluid.
  5. (medicine) The administration of liquid substances directly into a vein for medical purposes; perfusion.

Related terms

  • infuse

Translations


French

Etymology

From Old French, from Latin infūsiō, infūsiōnem.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛ̃.fy.zjɔ̃/

Noun

infusion f (plural infusions)

  1. infusion (liquid product which has had other ingredients steeped in it to extract useful qualities)

Synonyms

  • (liquid product): décoction, tisane

Further reading

  • “infusion” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

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