extraneous vs foreign what difference

what is difference between extraneous and foreign

English

Etymology

From Latin extrāneus (from without, strange). Doublet of strange. Cognate with estrange (verb), Spanish extraño.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɛkˈstɹeɪ.ni.əs/
  • (General Australian) IPA(key): /ekˈstɹæɪ.ni.əs/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɪkˈstɹeɪ.ni.əs/, /ɛkˈstɹeɪ.ni.əs/
  • Rhymes: -eɪniəs

Adjective

extraneous (not comparable)

  1. Not belonging to, or dependent upon, a thing; without or beyond a thing; foreign
    to separate gold from extraneous matter
    Extraneous substances were found on my cup of water.
  2. Not essential or intrinsic

Synonyms

  • (not belonging to): additional, alien, foreign, intrusive; See also Thesaurus:foreign
  • (not essential): superfluous, extra; See also Thesaurus:extrinsic

Antonyms

  • intraneous

Derived terms

  • extraneously
  • extraneousness

Translations



English

Alternative forms

  • forraine (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English foreyn, forein, from Old French forain, from Vulgar Latin *forānus (outsider, outlander), from Latin forās (outside, outdoors), also spelled forīs (outside, outdoors).

Displaced native Middle English elendish, ellendish (foreign) (from Old English elelendisc, compare Old English ellende (foreign), elland (foreign land)), Middle English eltheodi, eltheodish (foreign) (from Old English elþēodiġ, elþēodisc (foreign)), and non-native Middle English peregrin (foreign) (from Old French peregrin).

The silent -g- added perhaps by analogy with reign (compare also sovereign which was similarly altered). No relation with German fremd, Dutch vreemd.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈfɒɹɪn/, /ˈfɒɹən/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈfɔɹɪn/, /ˈfɔɹən/
  • Rhymes: -ɒrən, -ɒrɪn
  • Hyphenation: for‧eign

Adjective

foreign (comparative more foreign, superlative most foreign)

  1. Located outside a country or place, especially one’s own.
    foreign markets; foreign soil
  2. Originating from, characteristic of, belonging to, or being a citizen of a country or place other than the one under discussion.
    foreign car; foreign word; foreign citizen; foreign trade
  3. Relating to a different nation.
    foreign policy; foreign navies
  4. Not characteristic of or naturally taken in by an organism or system.
    foreign body; foreign substance; foreign gene; foreign species
  5. (with to, formerly with from) Alien; strange.
  6. (obsolete) Held at a distance; excluded; exiled.
  7. (US, state law) From a different one of the states of the United States, as of a state of residence or incorporation.
  8. Belonging to a different organization, company etc.
  9. (obsolete) Outside, outdoors, outdoor.

Synonyms

  • (from a different country): overseas, international
  • (strange): alien, fremd
  • (in a place where it does not belong): extraneous

Antonyms

  • (from a different country): domestic
  • (not characteristic): native
  • (native to an area): indigenous

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

foreign (plural foreigns)

  1. A foreign person, particularly:
    1. (now informal) A foreigner: a person from another country.
      • 2011 August 30, “White House Extremely Worried About People Saying Dumb Stuff on 9/11” in Gawker:
        The messaging instructions come in two sets: one for domestics, another for the foreigns.
    2. (obsolete) An outsider: a person from another place or group.
    3. (obsolete) A non-guildmember.
  2. (obsolete) A foreign ship.
  3. (obsolete) Clipping of chamber foreign: an outhouse.
    • 1303, Richard Mannyng, Handlyng Synne, l. 7436 f.:
      Ful foule ys þat forreyne
      Þat ys comoun for al certeyne.
  4. A foreign area, particularly:
    1. (now dialect) An area of a community that lies outside the legal town or parish limits.
    2. (obsolete, usually in the plural) An area of a monastery outside its legal limits or serving as an outer court.
  5. Short for various phrases, including foreign language, foreign parts, and foreign service.

Synonyms

  • (outhouse): chamber foreign; see also Thesaurus:bathroom

Translations

References

  • “foreign, adj. and n.” in the Oxford English Dictionary (1897), Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Anagrams

  • Rengifo

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