extravagance vs lavishness what difference

what is difference between extravagance and lavishness

English

Etymology

Borrowed from French extravagance, from Medieval Latin extra + vagor (to wander).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪkˈstɹævəɡəns/
  • Hyphenation: ex‧trav‧a‧gance

Noun

extravagance (countable and uncountable, plural extravagances)

  1. Excessive or superfluous expenditure of money.
  2. Prodigality, as of anger, love, expression, imagination, or demands.
    • A great bargain also had been the excellent Axminster carpet which covered the floor; as, again, the arm-chair in which Bunting now sat forward, staring into the dull, small fire. In fact, that arm-chair had been an extravagance of Mrs. Bunting. She had wanted her husband to be comfortable after the day’s work was done, and she had paid thirty-seven shillings for the chair.

Synonyms

Antonyms

  • frugality
  • economize
  • moderation

Related terms

Translations


French

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɑ̃s

Noun

extravagance f (plural extravagances)

  1. extravagance
    • 1837 Louis Viardot, L’Ingénieux Hidalgo Don Quichotte de la Manchefr.Wikisource, translation of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Chapter I:
      Sa curiosité et son extravagance arrivèrent à ce point qu’il vendit plusieurs arpents de bonnes terres à labourer pour acheter des livres de chevalerie à lire.

      His curiosity and his extravagance came to the point that he sold several arpents of good working land to buy books of chivalry to read.

Related terms

  • extravagant
    • extravagamment

Further reading

  • “extravagance” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).


English

Etymology

lavish +‎ -ness

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈlæv.ɪʃ.nɪs/, /ˈlæv.ɪʃ.nəs/

Noun

lavishness (usually uncountable, plural lavishnesses)

  1. The state or characteristic of being lavish.
    No one could question the lavishness of his parties; good taste was a different matter.

Translations


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