extravagant vs exuberant what difference

what is difference between extravagant and exuberant

English

Etymology

From Old French and French extravagant, from Medieval Latin extravagans, past participle of extravagari (to wander beyond), from Latin extra (beyond) + vagari (to wander, stray).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪkˈstɹævəɡənt/

Adjective

extravagant (comparative more extravagant, superlative most extravagant)

  1. Exceeding the bounds of something; roving; hence, foreign.
  2. Extreme; wild; excessive; unrestrained.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:excessive
    • There appears something nobly wild and extravagant in great natural geniuses.
  3. Exorbitant.
  4. Profuse in expenditure; prodigal; wasteful.
    • 1834-1874, George Bancroft, History of the United States, from the Discovery of the American Continent.
      some of the Quakers were extravagant and foolish

Related terms

  • vagabond
  • extravagance
  • extravagation

Translations

Further reading

  • extravagant in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • extravagant in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Catalan

Etymology

Medieval Latin extravagans

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic) IPA(key): /əks.tɾə.vəˈɡant/
  • (Central) IPA(key): /əks.tɾə.bəˈɡan/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /eks.tɾa.vaˈɡant/

Adjective

extravagant (feminine extravaganta, masculine plural extravagants, feminine plural extravagantes)

  1. extravagant

Further reading

  • “extravagant” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.
  • “extravagant” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “extravagant” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.

French

Etymology

Medieval Latin extravagans

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛk.stʁa.va.ɡɑ̃/

Adjective

extravagant (feminine singular extravagante, masculine plural extravagants, feminine plural extravagantes)

  1. extravagant

Derived terms

  • extravagamment

Related terms

  • extravagance

Further reading

  • “extravagant” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

German

Etymology

From French extravagant.

Pronunciation

Adjective

extravagant (comparative extravaganter, superlative am extravagantesten)

  1. extravagant

Declension

Related terms

  • Extravaganz

Further reading

  • “extravagant” in Duden online

Romanian

Etymology

From French extravagant.

Adjective

extravagant m or n (feminine singular extravagantă, masculine plural extravaganți, feminine and neuter plural extravagante)

  1. extravagant

Declension



English

Etymology

From Middle French exubérant, from Latin exūberāns, the present active participle of exūberō (be abundant). Put together from ex (out), and uber (udder), and originally would have referred to a cow or she-goat which was making so much milk that it naturally dripped or sprayed from the udder.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪɡˈzuːbəɹənt/

Adjective

exuberant (comparative more exuberant, superlative most exuberant)

  1. (of people) Very high-spirited; extremely energetic and enthusiastic.
    Synonyms: buoyant, cheerful, high-spirited
    • 1882, Frank R. Stockton, “The Lady or the Tiger?”:
      He was a man of exuberant fancy, and, withal of an authority so irresistible that, at his will, he turned his varied fancies into facts.
    • 1961, Joseph Heller, Catch-22:
      She was a tall, earthy, exuberant girl with long hair and a pretty face.
  2. (literary, of things that grow) Abundant, luxuriant.
    Synonyms: profuse, superabundant
    • 1852, The Ark, and Odd Fellows’ Western Magazine
      It pencilled each flower with rich and variegated hues, and threw over its exuberant foliage a vesture of emerald green.
    • 1972, Ken Lemmon, “Restoration Work at Studley Royal,” Garden History, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 22:
      The County Architect’s Department is starting to pleach trees to open up these vistas, now almost hidden by the exuberant growth.

Derived terms

  • exuberantly

Related terms

  • exuberance

Translations

Further reading

  • “exuberant”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “exuberant”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

References

  • Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed., 1989.
  • Random House Webster’s Unabridged Electronic Dictionary, 1987-1996.

Latin

Verb

exūberant

  1. third-person plural present active indicative of exūberō

Occitan

Etymology

From Latin exūberāns.

Pronunciation

Adjective

exuberant m (feminine singular exuberanta, masculine plural exuberants, feminine plural exuberantas)

  1. exuberant (of a person: very high-spirited)
  2. exuberant (abundant)

Related terms

  • exuberància

Romanian

Etymology

From French exubérant, from Latin exuberans.

Adjective

exuberant m or n (feminine singular exuberantă, masculine plural exuberanți, feminine and neuter plural exuberante)

  1. exuberant

Declension


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