extraversion vs extroversion what difference

what is difference between extraversion and extroversion



From New Latin extrāversio, from Classical Latin extrā- (outside) + versio (a turning). Equivalent to extravert +‎ -sion. Popularized as a psychological term by the German works of Carl Jung.


extraversion (countable and uncountable, plural extraversions)

  1. Alternative spelling of extroversion
    • 1675, Robert Boyle, “Of the Imperfection of the Chymist’s Doctrine of Qualities”, The Mechanical Origine or Production of Corrosiveness and Corrosibility, p. 36:
      …the supposed Extraversion or Intraversion of Sulphur…
    • 1915, Carl Jung, “On Psychological Understanding”, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, No. 9, p. 396:
      I called the hysterical type the extraversion type and the psychasthénic type the introversion type.
Usage notes

Technical papers in psychology still prefer the variant extraversion used by Carl Jung, although the spelling extroversion is more common in general use.

Derived terms

  • extraversive, extravert, extraverted


  • “extraversion, n.”, in OED Online ⁠, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1894.



extraversion f (plural extraversions)

  1. extroversion


Alternative forms

  • extraversion


From extrovert +‎ -sion, a variant of extraversion popularized in psychology by Phyllis Blanchard’s use of the variant (then nonstandard) spelling extrovert in her 1918 “Psycho-Analytic Study of August Comte”.


extroversion (usually uncountable, plural extroversions)

  1. The state or quality of being extroverted or an extrovert, particularly:
    1. (religion, obsolete) Consideration of the material world as an aid to spiritual insight.
      • 1656, Thomas Blount, Glossographia, s.v. “Extroversion“:
        in mystical Divinity… a scattering or distracting ones thoughts upon exterior objects.
      • 1788, John Wesley, Works, Vol. VI, p. 451:
        The turning of the eye of the mind from [Christ] to outward things [mystics] call Extroversion.
    2. (medicine) The condition of being inside out, especially in relation to the bladder.
      • 1835, Robert Bentley Todd, ed., The Cyclopaedia of Anatomy and Physiology, Vol. I, p. 391:
        In extroversion of the bladder the anterior part of this organ is more or less completely wanting.
    3. (informal psychology) A personality orientation towards others and things outside oneself; behavior expressing such orientation.
      • 1920, Arthur George Tansley, The New Psychology and Its Relation to Life, p. 88:
        Extroversion is the thrusting out of the mind on to life, the use of the mind in practical affairs, the pouring out of the libido on external objects.
      • 1999, Ben Brantley, “‘The Dead’: a Musical That Dares to be Quiet,” New York Times, 29 Oct.:
        In a genre characterized by brassy extroversion, The Dead is a quiet revolutionary: a musical that dares to be diffident.
Usage notes

Technical papers in psychology overwhelmingly prefer the form extraversion used by Carl Jung, although the variant extroversion is more common in general use.


  • (medicine): exstrophy
  • (psychology): sociability


  • (psychology): introversion

Related terms

  • ambiversion
  • extroversive
  • extrovert, extroverted



  • “extroversion, n.”, in OED Online ⁠, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1894.
  • Scott Barry Kaufman, “The Difference between ExtrAversion and ExtrOversion”, Beautiful Minds, Scientific American, Springer Nature America, 2015.

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