extreme vs extremum what difference

what is difference between extreme and extremum

English

Alternative forms

  • extream, extreame (obsolete)
  • xtreme (informal, nonstandard)

Etymology

Borrowed into late Middle English from Old French extreme, from Latin extrēmus, the superlative of exter.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɪkˈstɹiːm/, /ɛkˈstɹiːm/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ɪkˈstɹim/
  • Rhymes: -iːm

Adjective

extreme (comparative extremer or more extreme, superlative extremest or most extreme)

  1. Of a place, the most remote, farthest or outermost.
  2. In the greatest or highest degree; intense.
  3. Excessive, or far beyond the norm.
  4. Drastic, or of great severity.
  5. Of sports, difficult or dangerous; performed in a hazardous environment.
  6. (archaic) Ultimate, final or last.
    the extreme hour of life

Synonyms

  • (place): farthest, furthest, most distant, outermost, remotest
  • (in greatest or highest degree): greatest, highest
  • (excessive): excessive, too much
  • (drastic): drastic, severe
  • (sports): dangerous
  • (ultimate): final, last, ultimate

Antonyms

  • (place): closest, nearest
  • (in greatest or highest degree): least
  • (excessive): moderate, reasonable
  • (drastic): moderate, reasonable

Derived terms

  • extremeness

Translations

Noun

extreme (plural extremes)

  1. The greatest or utmost point, degree or condition.
  2. Each of the things at opposite ends of a range or scale.
  3. A drastic expedient.
  4. (mathematics) Either of the two numbers at the ends of a proportion, as 1 and 6 in 1:2=3:6.

Translations

Adverb

extreme (comparative more extreme, superlative most extreme)

  1. (archaic) Extremely.
    • 1796 Charles Burney, Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Metastasio 2.5:
      In the empty and extreme cold theatre.

Usage notes

  • Formerly used to modify adjectives and sometimes adverbs, but rarely verbs.

Derived terms

  • extremism
  • extremist
  • extremity
  • extremely
  • extreme ironing
  • extreme unction

Related terms

  • extremum

See also

  • mean

References

  • John A. Simpson and Edward S. C. Weiner, editors (1989), “extreme”, in The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Clarendon Press, →ISBN.

Dutch

Pronunciation

Adjective

extreme

  1. Inflected form of extreem

German

Pronunciation

Adjective

extreme

  1. inflection of extrem:
    1. strong/mixed nominative/accusative feminine singular
    2. strong nominative/accusative plural
    3. weak nominative all-gender singular
    4. weak accusative feminine/neuter singular

Ido

Adverb

extreme

  1. extremely

Latin

Noun

extrēme

  1. vocative singular of extrēmus

References

  • extreme in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • extreme in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Middle French

Adjective

extreme m or f (plural extremes)

  1. extreme

Spanish

Verb

extreme

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of extremar.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of extremar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of extremar.

Swedish

Adjective

extreme

  1. absolute definite natural masculine singular of extrem.


English

Etymology

From Latin extremus

Noun

extremum (plural extrema or extremums)

  1. (mathematics) a point, or value, which is a maximum or a minimum

Hyponyms

  • maximum
  • minimum

Translations


Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ekˈstreː.mum/, [ɛkˈs̠(t̪)ɾeːmʊ̃ˑ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ekˈstre.mum/, [ɛkˈst̪rɛːmum]

Adjective

extrēmum

  1. nominative neuter singular of extrēmus
  2. accusative masculine singular of extrēmus
  3. accusative neuter singular of extrēmus
  4. vocative neuter singular of extrēmus

Noun

extrēmum

  1. accusative singular of extrēmus

References

  • extremum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • extremum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.

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